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Study Of The Preparation Of Sustained-release Microspheres Containing Zedoary Turmeric Oil By The Emulsion-solvent-diffusion Method And Evaluation Of The Self-emulsification And Bioavailability Of The Oil.
Published 2006 · Chemistry, Medicine
The purpose of this study was to design a sustained-release formulation of an oily drug. The sustained-release microspheres with self-emulsifying capability containing zedoary turmeric oil (ZTO) were prepared by the quasi-emulsion-solvent-diffusion method. The micromeritic properties, the efficiency of emulsification and the drug-release behavior of the resultant microspheres were investigated. The bioavailability of the microspheres was compared with conventional ZTO self-emulsifying formulations for oral administration using 12 healthy rabbits. An HPLC method was employed to determine the concentration of germacrone in plasma, which was used as an index of ZTO. Spherical and compacted microspheres with average diameters of 100-600 microm have been prepared, and their release behavior in distilled water containing 1.2% (w/v) of polysorbate-80 can be controlled by the ratio of polymer/Areosil200 in the microspheres. The resultant emulsions with mean droplet sizes of 200-500 nm are produced when the microspheres are immersed in phosphate buffer (pH 6.8) under gentle agitation. The stability and the droplet size of the resultant emulsions are also affected by the polymer/Areosil200 ratio in the formulation, while the amount of talc has a marked effect on the self-emulsifying rate. The plasma concentration-time profiles with improved sustained-release characteristics were achieved after oral administration of the microspheres with a bioavailability of 135.6% with respect to the conventional self-emulsifying formulation (a good strategy for improving the bioavailability of an oily drug). In conclusion, the sustained-release microspheres with self-emulsifying capability containing ZTO have an improved oral bioavailability. Our study offers an alternative method for designing sustained-release preparations of oily drugs.