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Tension-free Vaginal Tape (TVT) In Morbidly Obese Patients With Severe Urodynamic Stress Incontinence As Last Option Treatment.

K. Skriapas, V. Poulakis, W. Dillenburg, R. de Vries, U. Witzsch, M. Melekos, E. Becht
Published 2006 · Medicine

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OBJECTIVES To determine the safety and efficacy of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) in morbidly obese women with severe urodynamic stress incontinence (USI) as last option treatment. METHODS Thirty-one patients with body mass index (BMI) >40 kg/m2, who had undergone the TVT procedure for urodynamically-confirmed USI were matched with 52 patients with BMI <30 kg/m2 who underwent the same procedure. BMI was calculated at the time of the surgery. Patients' characteristics and surgical data, complications and cure rates were analyzed for both groups. RESULTS After a mean follow-up of 18.5 (range: 12-24) months the continence rates were 87% and 92% for morbidly obese women and control group, respectively (p = 0.103). No serious intraoperative complications were noted in both groups. However, the early postoperative complications were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in morbidly obese patients. In 4 patients from both group long term postoperative catheterization was necessary for 4 weeks. In one patient (2%) from the control group dilatation of urethra took place. No defect in healing or rejection of the tape occurred. CONCLUSIONS TVT is a minimal invasive and safe procedure for morbidly obese patients suffering from severe USI with good outcome. Preoperative morbid obesity does not seem to be a risk factor for failure of this procedure.
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