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Novel Approach For Preparation Of Poly (ionic Liquid) Catalyst With Macroporous Structure For Biodiesel Production

Zuowang Wu, C. Chen, Q. Guo, Bingxue Li, Yigen Que, L. Wang, H. Wan, G. Guan
Published 2016 · Chemistry

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Abstract An efficient poly (ionic liquid) catalyst for biodiesel production was synthesized from Bronsted acidic ionic liquid 1-vinyl-3-(3-sulfopropyl) imidazolium hydrogen sulfate [VSIM][HSO4] through free radical polymerization from a novel approach, where Fe3O4 particles acted as hard template. The template could be easily removed in short time and macrospores formed after the removal of Fe3O4. The structure of the polymer was characterized by different techniques and the results demonstrated that the macroporous polymeric network was multi-layered and exhibited repeating units of SO3H and HSO4 with fine separation efficiency, as a novel heterogeneous acidic catalyst. The catalytic performance of the macroporous polymer was assessed in the esterification reaction of oleic acid for biodiesel production and the Box-Behnken response surface methodology (RSM) was applied for maximizing the biodiesel yield by optimizing process variables at 80 °C. Under the optimum conditions (reaction time was 4.5 h, catalyst amount was 8.5 wt%, and alcohol/acid molar ratio was 12:1), a high biodiesel yield of 92.6% was obtained. The polymeric catalyst also showed favorable reusability after six runs. The combination of macrospores with poly (ionic liquid) would significantly reduce the limitation of mass transfer in biodiesel production compared with other porous solid acidic catalysts.
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