Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Influence Of Different Oxidation States Of Chromium (VI, III) On Soil Urease Activity

A. Samborska, Z. Stępniewska, W. Stępniewski
Published 2004 · Chemistry

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Abstract Enzyme activity is often used for characterization of microbial viability in soil. This activity can be adversely affected by some contaminants. A contaminant concentration causing a decrease of urease activity to 50% of its initial value has been recently proposed as an ecological dose (ED50), and can be used as an indicator of toxicity of the contaminant. The aim of the investigations was to measure the influence of chromium (VI) and (III) on urease activity. The measurements were performed on three kinds of samples; the first one was a citrate buffer containing pure enzyme (E), the second was a suspension containing soil never irrigated with wastewater but amended with pure enzyme (E+S) and the third one was the suspension of the same soil which was subjected to irrigation with wastewater after II step purification amended with the same enzyme (Sir). Urease activity at different concentrations (0.1–1 mg kg−1) of chromium (VI) and (III) was determined with the help of Bounmanti et al. colorimetric method with sodium nitroprusside (at 630 nm after 30 min of incubation in the darkness). The activity was expressed as micromoles of N–NH4 produced by 1 kg of the solution per hour in the E treatment or per kilogram of soil (treatments E+S and Sir). The amendment of Cr forms changes significantly the urease activity. For Cr(VI), the following ED50 values were found: 0.4 mg Cr kg−1 solution for the treatment (E), 0.5 mg Cr kg−1 solution for E+S and 0.5 mg Cr kg−1 solution for E +Sir treatments. For Cr(III), the ED50 were as follows: 0.2 mg Cr kg−1 for E treatment, 0.4 mg Cr kg−1 for E+S treatment and 0.6 mg Cr+3kg−1 for E+Sir treatment. Urease activity in pure solution was more sensitive for Cr(III), which caused higher inhibition at the same concentration compared to Cr(VI).
This paper references
10.1128/AEM.56.12.3671-3677.1990
Metal-Binding Characteristics of the Gamma-Glutamyl Capsular Polymer of Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 9945.
R. J. McLean (1990)
10.1080/09593331708616423
A microtiter-plate urease inhibition assay-sensitive, rapid and cost-effective screening for heavy metals in water
E. Wittekindt (1996)
10.1128/AEM.56.10.3191-3203.1990
Remobilization of toxic heavy metals adsorbed to bacterial wall-clay composites.
C. Flemming (1990)
10.1023/A:1012247230682
Chromium Contamination of Soils, Waters, and Plants in the Vicinity of a Tannery Waste Lagoon
Z. Stępniewska (2001)
10.1007/978-3-0348-7542-4_19
The Potential of Microbiological Properties as Indicators in Soil Pollution Monitoring
P. Brookes (1993)
10.1111/J.1574-6976.2001.TB00581.X
Interactions of chromium with microorganisms and plants.
C. Cervantes (2001)
10.1126/SCIENCE.7754395
The crystal structure of urease from Klebsiella aerogenes.
E. Jabri (1995)
10.1016/0048-9697(89)90196-4
Essentiality of chromium in humans.
R. Anderson (1989)
10.1007/BF02197869
Chemical properties, populations of nitrige oxidizers, urease and phosphatase activities in sewage sludge-amended soils
M. Bonmatí (2005)
10.1007/BF00260846
Short- and long-term effects of heavy metals on urease activity in soils
P. Doelman (2004)
10.1007/BF00018046
Urease activity in soils
A. B. Lloyd (2004)
10.1080/15320389709383590
Oxidation‐reduction chemistry of chromium: Relevance to the regulation and remediation of chromate‐contaminated soils
B. James (1997)
10.1016/0003-9861(90)90589-Q
On the hydroxyl radical formation in the reaction between hydrogen peroxide and biologically generated chromium(V) species.
X. Shi (1990)
10.1007/BF00335916
Effect of an artificial soil mix from coal fly ash and sewage sludge on soil microbial activity
J. Wong (2004)
10.1016/0043-1354(85)90082-x
Land treatment of hazardous wastes.
J. Parr (1983)



This paper is referenced by
Study on ecotoxicity differences of Cr ( VI ) and Cr ( III ) in soils
Yu Xiu-yue (2018)
Measuring rehabilitation success of coal mining disturbed areas : a spatial and temporal investigation into the use of soil microbial properties as assessment criteria
S. Claassens (2007)
10.3390/s17112461
A Green Microbial Fuel Cell-Based Biosensor for In Situ Chromium (VI) Measurement in Electroplating Wastewater
Li-Chun Wu (2017)
10.1016/B978-008045312-5/50018-2
Biosensor to Detect Heavy Metals in Waste Water
J. N. Ntihuga (2006)
ATRIBUTOS MICROBIOLÓGICOS DO SOLO EM SISTEMAS DE MANEJO DE LONGA DURAÇÃO
Marcelo de Andrade Barbosa (2015)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.04.042
Effects of surface-modified biochars and activated carbon on the transformation of soil inorganic nitrogen and growth of maize under chromium stress.
Y. Zhu (2019)
10.1080/15320380903548482
Effects of Pulp Wastewater Irrigation on Soil Enzyme Activities and Respiration from a Managed Wetland
Jinlong Yan (2010)
10.1080/13102818.2007.10817477
Biosensor to Detect Chromium in Wastewater
N. J. Nepomuscene (2007)
10.1016/S1001-0742(08)62394-3
Response of soil catalase activity to chromium contamination.
Z. Stępniewska (2009)
10.1016/J.GEXPLO.2016.06.011
Potentially toxic metal contamination and enzyme activities in soil around chromite mines at Sukinda Ultramafic Complex, India
B. K. Pattnaik (2016)
10.1016/J.JECE.2018.03.040
Surface modified pineapple crown leaf for adsorption of Cr(VI) and Cr(III) ions from aqueous solution
Swastika Gogoi (2018)
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2020.110495
Spatial distribution of phthalate esters and the associated response of enzyme activities and microbial community composition in typical plastic-shed vegetable soils in China.
B. Zhou (2020)
10.1016/j.bios.2017.03.043
Biosensor for detection of dissolved chromium in potable water: A review.
Puja Biswas (2017)
10.1016/J.EJSOBI.2009.05.002
Effect of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) on microbial biomass C and enzymatic activities in soil
X. Wang (2009)
10.1016/bs.aambs.2015.12.002
Microbially-induced Carbonate Precipitation for Immobilization of Toxic Metals.
D. Kumari (2016)
10.1007/978-3-642-02436-8_11
Effects of Heavy Metals on Soil Enzyme Activities
A. Karaca (2010)
10.1007/s11356-013-1919-z
Physicochemical and biological quality of soil in hexavalent chromium-contaminated soils as affected by chemical and microbial remediation
Yingping Liao (2013)
10.1007/s12011-010-8718-x
The Interaction of Chromium(VI) with Urease in Solution
H. Zhang (2010)
10.1016/J.DESAL.2005.04.041
Treatment of sulfides in tannery baths by nanofiltration
M. Taleb-Ahmed (2005)
10.1007/978-981-13-1202-1_27
Inhibition Assays of Urease for Detecting Trivalent Chromium in Drinking Water
Rushikesh Fopase (2019)
10.1007/s11270-018-3916-9
Effects of Soil Residual Plastic Film on Soil Microbial Community Structure and Fertility
H. Qian (2018)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125251
Remediation of hexavalent chromium contaminated soil by nano-FeS coated humic acid complex in combination with Cr-resistant microflora.
Hang Tan (2020)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar