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Dynamic Response Of Enzymatic Activity And Microbial Community Structure In Metal(loid)-contaminated Soil With Tree-herb Intercropping
P. Zeng, Zhaohui Guo, Xiyuan Xiao, Chi Peng
Published 2019 · Chemistry
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Abstract Tree-herb intercropping was proposed for use in remediation of metal(loid)-contaminated soil. Changes in the enzymatic activities and microbial communities in contaminated soil during tree-herb intercropping were studied through dynamic sampling in a greenhouse experiment. Two herb plants, Pteris vittata L. (W) and Arundo donax L. (L), and two tree plants, Morus alba L. (S) and Broussonetia papyrifera L. (G), were selected for tree-herb intercropping, namely SL, GL, GW, SW, and GSLW intercropping. The activities of four enzymes, dehydrogenase activity (DHA), urease activity (UA), sucrase activity (SA) and acid phosphatase activity (APA), are involved in N, C, P cycling and were measured colorimetrically, while the bacterial and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal community structures were determined using polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE). The results showed that tree-herb intercropping could effectively recover enzymatic activity, and bacterial and AM fungal diversity in metal(loid)-contaminated soil. Compared with treatment without plants, the SA and APA activity after the five tree-herb intercropping treatments were significantly (p
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