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Dermatopharmacokinetics Of Salicylate Following Topical Injection In Rats: Effect Of Osmotic Pressure And Injection Volume On Salicylate Disposition.
Published 2007 · Medicine, Chemistry
Using advanced topical formulations containing potential chemical enhancer(s) or physical penetration-enhancing tools capable of delivering entrapped drug(s) directly into skin tissues with little influence of the stratum corneum barrier, local and systemic drug disposition may be markedly similar to direct injection into the skin and muscle. The objective of this study is to investigate the dermatopharmacokinetics and systemic drug disposition after topical application and topical injection. Salicylate (SA) disposition in the skin and muscle as administration sites, and in the systemic circulation were evaluated following intracutaneous (i.c.) injection of an isotonic solution of SA-Na (dose; 3.08 micromol). Subcutaneous (s.c.) and intramuscular (i.m.) injection were also evaluated for comparison. Dermatopharmacokinetics and systemic disposition of SA after i.c. and s.c. injections were analyzed using a 4-compartment model consisting of skin, muscle, and central and peripheral compartments, whereas SA disposition after i.m. injection was analyzed using a 3-compartment model consisting of muscle, and central and peripheral compartments. Moreover, the absorption rate constant of SA after i.c. injection (0.073 min(-1)) was slightly lower than that after s.c. injection (0.083 min(-1)), and much lower than that after i.m. injection (0.327 min(-1)). In addition, higher osmolarity and a larger volume of SA-Na injectant increased the retention of SA in the skin and decreased the absorption rate to the systemic circulation after i.c. injection. The effect of injection volume on SA disposition after i.c. injection was not so marked compared with that of osmotic pressure. These results are useful to design an injection-type topical delivery system.