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Effect Of Nitrogen Rates On Yield And Quality Of Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare Mill.) Accessions
Published 2012 · Chemistry
Abstract Nitrogen rates and plant genotypes effects yield and quality of medicinal plants therefore, this experiment was conducted in order to determine the effects of nitrogen rates on fennel accessions quality and quantity. The experimental design was a split plot with nitrogen rate (0, 40, 80, 120 and 160 Kg N ha−1) as main and accession (Isfahan, Tehran, Yazd and EU11486) as sub plots and replicated four times. The experiment was conducted at the Isfahan University of Technology Experimental Station, Isfahan, Iran during 2008–2009. Plant height, number of umbel per plant, 1000seed weight, number of seeds per umbel, seed yield, seed essential oil yield, seed and foliage essential oil contents and seed ash, protein and fiber contents were measured. Nitrogen fertilization increased all measured traits, but reduced ash content. On average, the highest seed and foliage essential contents and seed essential yield were produced at 160 kg per N ha−1 and EU11486 was a superior cultivar for these traits. However, there was an interaction between N rate and accession on all traits. Isfahan (11.65 kg ha−1), EU11486 (38.26 kg ha−1), Tehran (15.32 kg ha−1) and Yazd (22.06 kg ha−1) produced the highest seed essential oil yield under application of 160, 80, 160 and 120 kg N ha−1, respectively. Foliage of the accessions contained 0.45–0.91% essential oil and seeds of accessions contained 17.6–18.2% protein and 8.9–9.4% ash suggesting that foliage of fennel also is a good source of essential oil and seeds of fennel are good sources of protein and minerals. The results showed that N fertilization and accession can affect yield and quality of fennel and accessions responded differently to N fertilization rates, thus selection among the accessions and N rates for better fennel production is possible.