Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

Feasibility Study For SOFC-GT Hybrid Locomotive Power: Part I. Development Of A Dynamic 3.5 MW SOFC-GT FORTRAN Model

A. S. Martinez, J. Brouwer, G. Samuelsen
Published 2012 · Engineering

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Abstract This work presents the development of a dynamic SOFC-GT hybrid system model applied to a long-haul freight locomotive in operation. Given the expectations of the rail industry, the model is used to develop a preliminary analysis of the proposed system’s operational capability on conventional diesel fuel as well as natural gas and hydrogen as potential fuels in the future. It is found that operation of the system on all three of these fuels is feasible with favorable efficiencies and reasonable dynamic response. The use of diesel fuel reformate in the SOFC presents a challenge to the electrochemistry, especially as it relates to control and optimization of the fuel utilization in the anode compartment. This is found to arise from the large amount of carbon monoxide in diesel reformate that is fed to the fuel cell, limiting the maximum fuel utilization possible. This presents an opportunity for further investigations into carbon monoxide electrochemical oxidation and/or system integration studies where the efficiency of the fuel reformer can be balanced against the needs of the SOFC.
This paper references
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2010.03.045
Design of highly efficient coal-based integrated gasification fuel cell power plants
M. Li (2010)
Environmental Protection Agency, Technical Highlights: Emissions Factors for Locomotives (2009) Washington, DC
A. S. Martinez (2012)
EG&G Technical Services, I, Fuel Cell Handbook, seventh ed
(2004)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2007.08.045
System design of a large fuel cell hybrid locomotive
A. R. Miller (2007)
10.1016/J.IJHYDENE.2010.08.022
Thermal modeling of a solid oxide fuel cell and micro gas turbine hybrid power system based on modified LS-SVM
Xiao-juan Wu (2011)
10.1016/S0378-7753(99)00414-0
Fuel cells going on-board
G. Sattler (2000)
10.1016/J.IJHYDENE.2008.07.123
The operating characteristics of solid oxide fuel cells driven by diesel autothermal reformate
Inyong Kang (2008)
Recommendations to Implement Further Locomotive and Railyard Emission Reductions
H. Holmes (2009)
Regenerating a Long-Life Zinc Oxide-Based Sorbent for Moving-Bed Reactors
Copeland (1997)
10.1557/PROC-393-145
Development of a model of on-board PEMFC powered locomotive with a metal hydride cylinder
H. Hasegawa (1995)
Gas Turbine Generator Sets
Kawasaki Kawasaki (2007)
Fuel cell locomotives in Canada, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
D. S. Scott (1993)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2006.01.044
Power and temperature control of fluctuating biomass gas fueled solid oxide fuel cell and micro gas turbine hybrid system
T. Kaneko (2006)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2011.01.011
Performance study of a solid oxide fuel cell and gas turbine hybrid system designed for methane oper
Y. Li (2011)
Railroad and Locomotive Technology Roadmap, US Department of Energy
Frank Stodolsky (2002)
10.1515/9783050077338-026
Y
E. M. S. J. xviii (1824)
10.1115/1.1473148
Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine Hybrid Cycle Power Systems: Status
S. Veyo (1999)
10.1016/0360-3199(84)90037-5
Hydrogen vs diesel fueled locomotives: a technoeconomic appraisal
B. Steinberg (1984)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2003.07.011
Solid oxide fuel cell architecture and system design for secure power on an unstable grid
S. Krumdieck (2004)
United States Environmental Protection Agency. Overview of EPA's Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel Programs
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2010.11.099
Solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine trigeneration system for marine applications
Lawrence Tse (2011)
10.21949/1404021
Transportation energy data book
S. Davis (2008)
Fundamental of heat and mass transfer, 5th ed
Frank P. Incropera (2002)
Diesel Particulate Matter Exposure Assessment Study for the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach
P. Di (2006)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2005.09.010
Control strategy for a solid oxide fuel cell and gas turbine hybrid system
C. Stiller (2006)
Environmental Protection Agency, Control of emissions of air pollution from locomotive engines and marine compression-ignition engines less than 30 liters per cylinder; final rule
United States (2008)
10.1007/3-540-26367-5_1
A
A. Spring (2005)
10.1515/9783111548050-024
M
M. Sankar (1824)
Diegel, Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition
S.W.S.C. Davis (2007)
California Air Resources Board, Health Risk Assessment for the BNSF Railway San Bernardino Railyard
(2008)
Gregory II, Fuel cell power plants for heavy-duty transportation applications, Extended Abstracts of the Electrochemical Society
H. S. Murray (1982)
10.1016/S0140-6736(05)61503-6
T
D. Davies (1998)
Fuel cell power plants for heavy - duty transportation applications
J. R. Huff (1985)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2006.03.059
Control design of an atmospheric solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine hybrid system: Variable versus fixed speed gas turbine operation
R. Roberts (2006)
Caterpillar Marine Power Systems: C280e12
10.1109/PROC.1968.6331
The United States department of transportation
A. Boyd (1967)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2007.10.081
Synergistic integration of a gas turbine and solid oxide fuel cell for improved transient capability
F. Mueller (2008)
Performance study of a solid oxide fuel cell and gas turbine system designed for methane operating with non-designed fuels
Y. Li (2011)
Trial run of fuel cell hybrid traction system for railcar
M. Shimada (2007)
10.2172/890712
INTEGRATED GASIFICATION COMBINED CYCLE PROJECT 2 MW FUEL CELL DEMONSTRATION
FuelCell Energy (2005)
Solar 20 gas turbine generator set
(2005)
10.1016/J.IJHYDENE.2008.05.109
Technical considerations of SOFCs for mixed DG/backup power applications
E. Bompard (2008)
Caterpillar , Locomotive 3516 B Engine ( 2000 ) . [ 48 ] Caterpillar . “ Caterpillar Marine Power Systems : 3516 C . ” Caterpillar
K. Mamamoto Y. Fujishiro
10.1016/J.IJHYDENE.2009.05.047
Multi-level simulation platform of SOFC–GT hybrid generation system
Cheng Bao (2010)
Overview of EPA ’ s Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel Programs . November 15 , 2004 . October 6 , 2009
M. Sakbodin (1997)
10.1016/J.CEJ.2004.02.005
Electrochemical model of the integrated planar solid oxide fuel cell (IP-SOFC)
P. Costamagna (2004)
California Air Resources Board, Diesel Particulate Matter Exposure Assessment Study for the Ports of
(2006)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2005.12.051
Analysis of fuel cell hybrid locomotives
A. R. Miller (2006)
Solar Turbines , Solar 20 Gas Turbine Generator Set ( 2005 ) . [ 25 ] Jiangsu Sanji Industrial Co . Ltd , Zinc Oxide Sulfur Removal Catalyst ( October 6 , 2009 )
K. S. Hess
Massardo, Design of a hybrid system based on a solid oxide fuel cell reactor and a micro gas turbine
P. Costamagna (2001)
Fytzani-Stephanopoulos, et al. Regenerative Adsorption and Removal of H2S from Hot Fuel Gas Strea6ms by Rare Earth Oxides
Y Funahashi (2006)
Design of a hybrid system based on a solid oxide fuel cell reactor and a micro gas turbine
P Costamagna (2001)
10.1016/0360-3199(93)90027-8
Fuel cell locomotives in Canada
D. Scott (1993)
10.1016/0360-3199(85)90080-1
Fuel cell alternative for locomotive propulsion
L. Jones (1985)
Caterpillar Marine Power Systems: 3516C
10.1016/J.IJHYDENE.2010.03.098
Rail transportation by hydrogen vs. electrification – Case study for Ontario Canada, I: Propulsion and storage
G. D. Marin (2010)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2006.12.091
Performance characteristics of a solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine hybrid system with various part-load control modes
J. Yang (2007)
10.1115/1.2133802
Dynamic Simulation of a Pressurized 220kW Solid Oxide Fuel-Cell–Gas-Turbine Hybrid System: Modeled Performance Compared to Measured Results
R. Roberts (2006)
10.1016/S0378-7753(00)00668-6
Design and part-load performance of a hybrid system based on a solid oxide fuel cell reactor and a micro gas turbine
P. Costamagna (2001)
10.1109/RRCON.2006.215320
Fuelcell hybrid locomotives: applications and benefits
A. Miller (2006)
Rail transportation by hydrogen vs. electrification e case study for Ontario Canada, I: propulsion and storage, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
G. D. Marin (2010)
Transportation Energy Data Book, twenty sixth ed
S C Davis (2007)
10.2172/925067
Railroad and locomotive technology roadmap.
F. Stodolsky (2003)
10.1115/1.1839917
Design and Off-Design Analysis of a MW Hybrid System Based on Rolls-Royce Integrated Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
L. Magistri (2007)
10.2172/930942
Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 26
S. Davis (2007)
10.1126/science.1125684
Regenerative Adsorption and Removal of H2S from Hot Fuel Gas Streams by Rare Earth Oxides
M. Flytzani-Stephanopoulos (2006)
SOFC stack modeling, final report of activity A2, annex II: modeling and evaluation of advanced solid oxide fuel cells
E. Achenbach (1996)
United States Department of the Interior.
T. (1940)
Recommendations to Implement Further Locomotive and Railyard Emission Reductions, California Air Resources Board
H Holmes (2009)
Allowable Gross Weight
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2006.10.002
Fabrication and characterization of components for cube shaped micro tubular SOFC bundle
Y. Funahashi (2007)
10.1016/S0378-7753(01)01065-5
Design studies of mobile applications with SOFC-heat engine modules
W. Winkler (2002)



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2015.05.085
Influence of the charge double layer on solid oxide fuel cell stack behavior
Michael M Whiston (2015)
10.1016/j.etran.2019.100027
A new direct ammonia solid oxide fuel cell and gas turbine based integrated system for electric rail transportation
K.H.M. Al-Hamed (2019)
Thermodynamic and Dynamic Assessment of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Hybrid Systems for Use in Locomotives
J. Brouwer (2019)
10.1021/IE300996R
Energy Conversion with Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems: A Review of Concepts and Outlooks for the Short- and Long-Term
Thomas A. Adams (2013)
10.1007/s10973-020-10306-9
Development of a novel hybrid SOFC/GT system and transcritical CO2 cycle for CCHP purpose in the district scale
H. Hemmatabady (2020)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2017.03.113
Exergy and economic comparison between kW-scale hybrid and stand-alone solid oxide fuel cell systems
Michael M Whiston (2017)
10.1007/S13369-018-3607-2
A Review on Fuel Cell-Based Locomotive Powering Options for Sustainable Transportation
O. Siddiqui (2019)
10.1016/J.IJHYDENE.2015.01.136
System simulation and exergy analysis on the use of biomass-derived liquid-hydrogen for SOFC/GT powered aircraft
A. Fernandes (2015)
10.1177/0954409720920080
Application of dynamic programming to optimal energy management of grid-independent hybrid railcars:
M. Sorrentino (2020)
10.1016/J.APENERGY.2015.06.027
Hybrid solid oxide fuel cells–gas turbine systems for combined heat and power: A review
A. Buonomano (2015)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2013.11.122
Fuel cell–gas turbine hybrid system design part I: Steady state performance
Dustin McLarty (2014)
10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.10.165
Transient analysis of a solid oxide fuel cell unit with reforming and water-shift reaction and the building of neural network model for rapid prediction in electrical and thermal performance
P. Yuan (2020)
10.3390/en12193686
A Dynamic Analysis of the Multi-Stack SOFC-CHP System for Power Modulation
Cheng-Hao Yang (2019)
10.1115/1.4029877
SOFC Stack Model for Integration Into a Hybrid System: Stack Response to Control Variables
Michael M Whiston (2015)
10.1016/J.ENPOL.2017.12.049
Natural gas as a bridge to hydrogen transportation fuel: Insights from the literature
J. Ogden (2018)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2013.10.134
Performance evaluation of the hydrogen-powered prototype locomotive ‘Hydrogen Pioneer’
Andreas Hoffrichter (2014)
Development of novel energy systems for LNG locomotives
M. Ali (2015)
10.1016/j.enconman.2019.112327
A novel integrated solid-oxide fuel cell powering system for clean rail applications
K.H.M. Al-Hamed (2020)
10.1016/J.APENERGY.2018.01.098
Progress in solid oxide fuel cell-gas turbine hybrid power systems: System design and analysis, transient operation, controls and optimization
M. A. Azizi (2018)
10.1016/j.enconman.2020.112857
Investigation of an integrated powering system for clean locomotives with solid-oxide fuel cell with heat recovery organic Rankine cycle
Khaled H. M. Al-Hamed (2020)
Analysis and optimization of fuel cell based integrated powering systems for clean rail applications
Khaled H. M. Al-Hamed (2019)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2017.09.010
Stall/surge dynamics of a multi-stage air compressor in response to a load transient of a hybrid solid oxide fuel cell-gas turbine system
M. A. Azizi (2017)
10.1016/J.APPLTHERMALENG.2020.116150
Development and optimization of a novel solid oxide fuel cell-engine powering system for cleaner locomotives
Khaled H. M. Al-Hamed (2021)
10.1088/1755-1315/154/1/012023
Transient analysis of a solid oxide fuel cell stack with crossflow configuration
P. Yuan (2018)
Development and Analysis of a Hybrid Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Microturbine System
Michael M Whiston (2015)
a multi-stage air compressor in response to a load transient of a hybrid solid oxide fuel cell-gas turbine system
Mohammad Ali Azizi ()
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2015.01.037
Model-based development of a fault signature matrix to improve solid oxide fuel cell systems on-site diagnosis
P. Polverino (2015)
10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2019.04.095
Investigation on part-load performances of combined cooling and power system primed by solid oxide fuel cell with different bottoming cycles
X. Luo (2019)
10.1016/J.ENERGY.2014.04.070
Solid oxide fuel cell technology coupled with methane dry reforming: A viable option for high efficiency plant with reduced CO2 emissions
L. Barelli (2014)
10.1016/J.APENERGY.2015.01.093
Comparative analysis of SOFC-GT freight locomotive fueled by natural gas and diesel with onboard reformation
A. S. Martinez (2015)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar