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Ecosystem Approach To Fisheries Management (EAFM) In The EU – Current Science–policy–society Interfaces And Emerging Requirements

Paulina Ramírez-Monsalve, J. Raakjær, Kåre Nolde Nielsen, J. L. Santiago, M. Ballesteros, Unn Laksá, P. Degnbol
Published 2016 · Business

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Abstract The EU is aiming to apply an Ecosystem Approach (EA) to the management of all human activities in the marine environment, with the goal of establishing healthy and productive seas and oceans. This article explores how the EA is introduced into the EU Fisheries, with a focus on current interfaces and collaborative dynamics between science, policy and society in the context of implementing an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM). The scope of this work considers two EU policies that are of particular importance to frame the EAFM, namely the Common Fisheries Policy and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. A short account of barriers that hinder the implementation of these two pieces of legislation is given. Further, society is considered through the Advisory Councils (AC) as a forum for articulating and representing a variety of civil society interests. The practical experiences of the science, policy, stakeholder (AC) interface in relation to EAFM are described. The article concludes with some of the perspectives and challenges ahead for EAFM in relation to the establishment of a co-creation process as a means to integrate and utilise multiple sources of knowledge (policy makers, scientists and stakeholders) achieving extended outcomes moving towards an EAFM. There is a long pathway to secure adequate science, policy, stakeholder interactions in support of EAFM. This must be supported through institutional structures and through improved coordination across a presently fragmented policy landscape.
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