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Polyaniline-coated Silver Nanowires

P. Bober, J. Stejskal, M. Trchová, J. Hromádková, J. Prokes
Published 2010 · Chemistry

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Abstract Two non-conducting chemicals, aniline and silver nitrate, dissolved in formic acid solutions, yielded a composite of two conducting products, polyaniline and silver. As the concentration of formic acid increased, an alternative reaction, the reduction of silver nitrate with formic acid to silver became dominant, and the content of silver in the composites increased. The formation of polyaniline was confirmed by UV–visible, FTIR, and Raman spectroscopies. The typical conductivity of composites was 43 S cm −1 at 84 wt.% of silver. Silver nanowires coated with polyaniline nanobrushes are produced at low concentrations of formic acid, the granular silver particles covered with polyaniline dominate at high acid concentrations.
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