Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Managing Vulnerability To Drought And Enhancing Livelihood Resilience In Sub-Saharan Africa: Technological, Institutional And Policy Options

B. Shiferaw, Kindie Tesfaye, M. Kassie, Tsedeke Abate, B. M. Prasanna, A. Menkir
Published 2014 · Business

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Abstract Agriculture and the economies of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are highly sensitive to climatic variability. Drought, in particular, represents one of the most important natural factors contributing to malnutrition and famine in many parts of the region. The overall impact of drought on a given country/region and its ability to recover from the resulting social, economic and environmental impacts depends on several factors. The economic, social and environmental impacts of drought are huge in SSA and the national costs and losses incurred threaten to undermine the wider economic and development gains made in the last few decades in the region. There is an urgent need to reduce the vulnerability of countries to climate variability and to the threats posed by climate change. This paper attempts to highlight the challenges of drought in SSA and reviews the current drought risk management strategies, especially the promising technological and policy options for managing drought risks to protect livelihoods and reduce vulnerability. The review suggests the possibilities of several ex ante and ex post drought management strategies in SSA although their effectiveness depends on agro-climatic and socio-economic conditions. Existing technological, policy and institutional risk management measures need to be strengthened and integrated to manage drought ex ante and to minimize the ex post negative effects for vulnerable households and regions. A proactive approach that combines promising technological, institutional and policy solutions to manage the risks within vulnerable communities implemented by institutions operating at different levels (community, sub-national, and national) is considered to be the way forward for managing drought and climate variability.
This paper references
10.1126/SCIENCE.1065256
Soil Fertility and Hunger in Africa
P. Sanchez (2002)
10.1007/978-94-007-5760-8_8
Maize Revolutions in Sub-Saharan Africa
M. Smale (2011)
Exploring drought vulnerability in Africa
Gustavo Naumann (2013)
10.4337/9781781950685
Rural Poverty, Risk and Development
M. Fafchamps (2004)
10.1079/9781845936334.0177
How conservation agriculture can contribute to buffering climate change.
P. Hobbs (2010)
10.1016/S0305-750X(03)00069-X
Economic Crises and Natural Disasters: Coping Strategies and Policy Implications
E. Skoufias (2003)
Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries
F. Ellis (2000)
Production, CABI Series in Climate Change
S. T. Holden (1998)
Mitigating drought - long-term planning to reduce vulnerability
Enos E. Esikuri (2005)
DTMA III Highlights for 2012/13: An Overview
T. Abate (2013)
Fourth Assessment Report
Press (2007)
10.2307/2554131
Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation
Amartya Sen (1981)
10.1093/JEXBOT/53.366.13
Molecular and physiological approaches to maize improvement for drought tolerance.
W. Bruce (2002)
10.1016/J.PCE.2004.09.024
Matching of crop and environment for optimal water use: the case of Ethiopia
Kindie Tesfaye (2004)
Poverty , credit constraints , and time preferences : of relevance for environmental policy ?
S. T. Holden (1998)
The Food Security Challenge
James Larmour-Reid (2011)
10.5194/HESS-18-1591-2014
Exploring drought vulnerability in Africa: an indicator based analysis to be used in early warning systems
G. Naumann (2013)
10.1175/1520-0450(2002)041<0046:EIOCVI>2.0.CO;2
Economic Impacts of Climate Variability in South Africa and Development of Resource Prediction Models
M. Jury (2002)
Vulnerability: how the poor cope
R. Chambers (1989)
arid environment with variable rainfall
B.M (2012)
10.1017/S0014479700021128
Optimizing Fertilizer Use and Practical Rainfall Capture in a Semi-Arid Environment with Variable Rainfall
M. Piha (1993)
Drought , Coping Mechanisms and Poverty : Insights from Rainfed Rice Farming in Asia
S. Pandey (2009)
10.3763/ijas.2010.0583
Sustainable intensification in African agriculture
J. Pretty (2011)
10.1016/J.GLOENVCHA.2004.12.006
The determinants of vulnerability and adaptive capacity at the national level and the implications f
N. Brooks (2005)
10.1111/J.1467-8276.2005.00826.X
Agricultural Sustainability and Technology Adoption: Issues and Policies for Developing Countries
D. Lee (2005)
The Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
J. duToit (2007)
10.1086/452229
Risk, Crop Choice, and Savings: Evidence from Tanzania
S. Dercon (1996)
Climate change, climate variability and adaptation options
Henry Neufeldt (2011)
Enhancing drought
M. S. Lopes (2011)
Drought - Tolerant Crops for Drylands
R. Chambers (2006)
10.1016/J.ECOLECON.2013.05.002
Cropping system diversification, conservation tillage and modern seed adoption in Ethiopia: Impacts on household income, agrochemical use and demand for labor
H. Teklewold (2013)
10.1016/S0022-1694(99)00052-9
Environmental Soil Physics, by D. Hillel, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, xxvii+771 pp., ISBN 0-12-348.525-8, ($69.95)
J. Philip (1999)
Investing in Sustainable Agricultural Intensification
ing (2008)
10.1111/J.1365-3040.2007.01727.X
The effect of drought and heat stress on reproductive processes in cereals.
B. Barnabás (2008)
Potential impact of investments in drought tolerant maize in Africa
R. Rovere (2010)
Indigenous drought coping strategies and risk management against El Nino in Papua New Guinea
Sergie K. Bang (2003)
Climate change, climate variability and adaptation in Ethiopia
Tesfaye Kindie (2010)
The effect of drought and heat stress
No (2008)
10.3923/AJPP.2010.241.256
Drought tolerance in crop plants.
B. Xoconostle-Cázares (2010)
Malawi and Southern Africa: Climatic Variability and Economic Performance
E. Clay (2003)
Climate risk management in Africa : learning from practice
M. Hellmuth (2007)
Assessment of soil nutrient depletion in sub-Saharan Africa: 1983-2000.
J. Stoorvogel (1990)
Water and food to 2025
Mark W. Rosegrant (2002)
10.1016/S0305-750X(03)00068-8
Ex-Ante Actions and Ex-Post Public Responses to Drought Shocks: Evidence and Simulations from Zimbabwe
T. Owens (2003)
10.1016/J.GLOENVCHA.2006.05.002
Vulnerability: A generally applicable conceptual framework for climate change research
Hans-Martin Füssel (2007)
10.1007/S10668-007-9132-1
Adoption and adaptation of natural resource management innovations in smallholder agriculture: reflections on key lessons and best practices
B. Shiferaw (2009)
Introduction to Environmental Soil Physics
D. Hillel (1982)
10.2135/CROPSCI2012.09.0545
Identification of Drought, Heat, and Combined Drought and Heat Tolerant Donors in Maize
J. Cairns (2013)
10.1111/J.0169-5150.2004.00013.X
Rural poverty dynamics: development policy implications
C. Barrett (2003)
10.1016/J.JDEVECO.2004.01.001
Growth and shocks: evidence from rural Ethiopia
S. Dercon (2004)
10.1016/S0304-3878(03)00028-2
Asset smoothing, consumption smoothing and the reproduction of inequality under risk and subsistence constraints
F. Zimmerman (2003)
Hydroclimate risk to economic growth
R. Meeks (2011)
10.1126/science.1185383
Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People
H. Godfray (2010)
Stimulating smallholder investment in sustainable land management: Overcoming market, policy and institutional challenges
B. Shiferaw (2011)
10.1016/J.FOODPOL.2003.08.002
Realigning research and extension to focus on farmers’ constraints and opportunities
S. Snapp (2003)
Managing water resources to maximize sustainable growth : a World Bank water resources assistance strategy for Ethiopia
C. Sadoff (2008)
The determinants of vulnerability
N. 10.13.. Brooks (2005)
10.1175/1520-0442(1988)001<0240:AIOIRV>2.0.CO;2
An Investigation of Interannual Rainfall Variability in Africa
J. Janowiak (1988)
10.1596/978-0-8213-7036-0
Insurance Against Covariate Shocks: The Role of Index-Based Insurance in Social Protection in Low-Income Countries of Africa
H. Alderman (2007)
10.1098/RSTB.1997.0076
Nutrient resources for crop production in the tropics
P. Vlek (1997)
10.1007/978-94-015-9265-9
Weather and Climate Extremes
T. Karl (1999)
Adapting maize to climate change in sub - Saharan Africa
J. Hellin
Identifying and Assessing Drought Hazard and Risk in Africa
Nairobi (2006)
Mapping Climate Vulnerability and Poverty in Africa
P. Thornton (2006)
10.1093/jxb/err105
Enhancing drought tolerance in C(4) crops.
M. Lopes (2011)
10.1016/J.FCR.2011.04.010
A research agenda to explore the role of conservation agriculture in African smallholder farming systems
K. Giller (2011)
10.1016/J.FCR.2012.11.010
Maize-based conservation agriculture systems in Malawi: Long-term trends in productivity
C. Thierfelder (2013)
10.7916/D8DV1RPT
Climate Variability and the Millennium Development Goal Hunger Target
J. Hansen (2004)
Improving Drought Management and Planning through Better Monitoring in Africa
T. Tadesse (1998)
10.1111/J.1574-0862.2004.TB00174.X
Land degradation, drought and food security in a less‐favoured area in the Ethiopian highlands: a bio‐economic model with market imperfections
S. Holden (2004)
Doubled haploid technology in maize breeding: theory and practice
B. M. Prasanna (2012)
10.1016/J.FCR.2007.07.004
Drought tolerance improvement in crop plants: An integrated view from breeding to genomics
L. Cattivelli (2008)
The sustainable intensification of maize-legume farming systems in eastern and southern Africa (SIMLESA) program
Meley Mulugetta (2011)
Maize-based conservation agriculture systems
N. E. Eash (2013)
Molecular and physiological
W. B. Bruce (2002)
Maize Breeding: Theory and Practice
C. Toulmin (2011)
10.3354/CR017123
Climatic and environmental change in Africa during the last two centuries
S. Nicholson (2001)
10.1201/9781420028386.PT4
Drought and Water Crises: Lessons Learned and the Road Ahead
D. Wilhite (2005)
Managing Drought in Sub-Saharan Africa: Policy Perspectives
M. Gautam (2006)
10.1023/A:1009652531101
The Science of Adaptation: A Framework for Assessment
B. Smit (1999)
Disentangling the Impacts of Cropping System Diversi fi cation Options on Crop Income and Agrochemical Use in Malawi
M. Kassie (2013)
10.1016/J.APGEOG.2011.10.002
Migration as a contribution to resilience and innovation in climate adaptation: Social networks and co-development in Northwest Africa
Juergen Scheffran (2012)
10.1016/J.APGEOG.2012.02.001
Challenges for drought mitigation in Africa: The potential use of geospatial data and drought information systems
S. Vicente-Serrano (2012)
10.1007/S10584-010-9956-9
Hydroclimate risk to economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa
C. Brown (2011)
10.1007/s12571-013-0256-x
Adapting maize production to climate change in sub-Saharan Africa
Jill E. Cairns (2013)
10.1007/S00382-010-0984-Y
A westward extension of the warm pool leads to a westward extension of the Walker circulation, drying eastern Africa
A. P. Williams (2011)
10.2135/CROPSCI2012.03.0205
Marker-Assisted Selection for Elevated Concentrations of the α′ Subunit of β-Conglycinin and Its Influence on Agronomic and Seed Traits of Soybean
Sheilah Emilie Oltmans-Deardorff (2013)
Companion Document to Executive Summary ISAAA Briefs 39-2008 Drought Tolerance in Maize : an Emerging Reality
InternatIonal ServIce (2009)
Drought, Coping Mechanisms and Poverty: Insights
Dev (2009)
Drought tolerance improvement
C. Mare (2008)
use: The case of Ethiopia
H. Teklewold (2013)
10.1016/J.AGEE.2013.10.011
Understanding the impact and adoption of conservation agriculture in Africa: A multi-scale analysis
M. Corbeels (2014)
10.1017/S1355770X98000060
Poverty, market imperfections and time preferences: of relevance for environmental policy?
S. Holden (1998)
10.1111/J.1467-7717.1995.TB00338.X
ENSO and disaster: droughts, floods and El Niño/Southern Oscillation warm events.
M. Dilley (1995)
10.2307/2234337
Wealth, weather risk, and the composition and profitability of agricultural investments
Mark R. Rosenzweig (1989)



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/J.EJA.2016.05.008
Functional mechanisms of drought tolerance in maize through phenotyping and genotyping under well watered and water stressed conditions
M. C. Maheswari (2016)
Reducing gender gaps in the awareness and uptake of drought-tolerant maize in Uganda: The role of education, extension services and social networks
M. Fisher (2019)
10.1016/J.ECOLECON.2017.11.038
The Distributional and Multi-Sectoral Impacts of Rainfall Shocks: Evidence From Computable General Equilibrium Modelling for the Awash Basin, Ethiopia
E. Borgomeo (2018)
10.1080/21665095.2019.1678186
The impact of adaptation practices on crop productivity in northwest Ethiopia: an endogenous switching estimation
Tsega Adego (2019)
10.3390/SU12083276
Determinants of the Adoption of Sustainable Intensification in Southern African Farming Systems: A Meta-Analysis
Qian Guo (2020)
10.1007/s12571-015-0426-0
Water productivity and food security: considering more carefully the farm-level perspective
D. Wichelns (2015)
10.3389/frwa.2020.00015
Simulating Small-Scale Agricultural Adaptation Decisions in Response to Drought Risk: An Empirical Agent-Based Model for Semi-Arid Kenya
Marthe Wens (2020)
10.1007/978-3-319-92798-5_15
Household Welfare Effects of Stress-Tolerant Varieties in Northern Uganda
C. M. Mwungu (2019)
Vaalharts: environmental aspects of agricultural land and water use practices
W. M. Pretorius (2018)
10.1007/s12571-019-00910-5
Analysing the potential of plant clinics to boost crop protection in Rwanda through adoption of IPM: the case of maize and maize stem borers
S. Silvestri (2019)
10.1016/J.NJAS.2018.09.001
Adoption of climate change adaptation strategies by maize-dependent smallholders in Ethiopia
Sisay Belay Bedeke (2019)
10.1016/J.AGSY.2019.05.004
Legume diversification and weed management in African cereal-based systems
Timothy R. Silberg (2019)
10.5539/JAS.V11N8P58
The Interface Between Entrepreneurship as a Climate Change Mitigation Strategy and Improved Rural Household Food Security and Food Systems Sustainability in South Africa
Ndou Portia (2019)
10.22004/AG.ECON.278230
Ecosystem tipping points due to variable water availability and cascading effects on food security in Sub‐Saharan Africa
Celestine Muli (2018)
10.1007/S10708-018-9956-2
Short-term dynamics in livelihood conditions and woody plant extraction as an environmental entitlement at Mt. Kasigau, Kenya
K. Medley (2020)
10.20431/2349-0381.0310007
Environmental learning for coping with drought among small scale farmers of Luangwa district,Zambia
Lillian Chipatu (2017)
Counting the cost of drought induced productivity losses in an agro-based economy: The case of Uganda
Nicholas Kilimani (2016)
10.1108/IJCCSM-03-2017-0070
Contextual vulnerability of rainfed crop-based farming communities in semi-arid Zimbabwe: A case of Chiredzi District
Obert Jiri (2017)
The impacts of extreme climatic events on pastoralists and predators in East African rangelands
Claudia Amphlett (2017)
10.1016/j.wre.2020.100160
Economic valuation of supplemental irrigation via small-scale water harvesting
Francis Hypolite Kemeze (2020)
10.3390/CLI7050070
Climate Change-Induced Impacts on Smallholder Farmers in Selected Districts of Sidama, Southern Ethiopia
Tafesse Matewos (2019)
10.1016/J.WACE.2019.100192
Problems of Drought and Its Management in Yobe State, Nigeria
Hassan Gana Abdullahi (2017)
10.1080/21683565.2020.1716130
Advancing a holistic systems approach for sustainable cattle development programmes in South Africa: insights from sustainability assessments
T. Marandure (2020)
10.5539/sar.v9n1p26
Understanding Livelihood Diversification Patterns among Smallholder Farm Households in Southern Ethiopia
Tagesse Abo Melketo (2019)
Farmers’ vulnerability and adaptation to drought in three Agro-Ecological Locations in Ghana
Hillary Dumba (2019)
10.1016/J.FORPOL.2019.101948
Protected areas, household environmental incomes and well-being in the Greater Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem
Xi Jiao (2019)
Smallholder Farmer’s Risk Attitudes in Northern Ghana-Expected Utility Theory or Prospect Theory: Experimental Evidence
F. H. Kemeze (2016)
10.1016/J.RENENE.2017.11.003
Characteristics of briquettes developed from rice and coffee husks for domestic cooking applications in Uganda
M. Lubwama (2018)
The analysis of water availability indicators and access to available water in the developing, semi-arid, rural setting
M. J. Richardson (2017)
10.1007/s11069-019-03822-x
Dry spells and probability of rainfall occurrence for Lake Kyoga Basin in Uganda, East Africa
Moses A. Ojara (2019)
10.4314/ACSJ.V25I4.9
Potential for quality protein maize for reducing proteinenergy undernutrition in maize dependent Sub-Saharan African countries: A review
Cacious Stanford Nyakurwa (2017)
10.3390/su11236569
Economy-Wide Effects of Climate Change in Benin: An Applied General Equilibrium Analysis
Fèmi E. Hounnou (2019)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar