Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Energy Metabolism In Women During Short Exposure To The Thermoneutral Zone

M. Westerterp-Plantenga, W. D. Lichtenbelt, C. Cilissen, S. Top
Published 2002 · Chemistry, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Ambient temperature has been shown to affect energy metabolism in field situations. Therefore, we assessed the effect of a short exposure to the thermoneutral zone, i.e., 27 degrees C (81 degrees F), in comparison to the usual ambient temperature of 22 degrees C (72 degrees F), on energy expenditure (EE), substrate oxidation, and energy intake (EI) in a controlled situation. Subjects, i.e., women (ages 22+/-2 years, BMI 22+/-3, 28+/-4% body fat), stayed in a respiration chamber three times for 48 h each: once at 22 degrees C, and twice at 27 degrees C in random order, wearing standardized clothing, executing a standardized daily-activities protocol, and being fed in energy balance (EB). During the last 24 h at 22 degrees C, and once during the last 24 h at 27 degrees C, they were fed ad libitum. At 27 degrees C, compared to at 22 degrees C, EE was 8.9+/-1.3 MJ/day vs. 9.9+/-1.5 MJ/day (P<.001) due to decreases in diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) and activity-induced energy expenditure (AEE) (P<.01); respiratory quotient (RQ) had increased (P<.05); core (P<.05) and skin (P<.001) temperatures had increased. During ad lib feeding, EI was 90-91% of EE (P=.9), due to changes in energy density (ED) of the food choice (P<.01), and related to changes in body temperature and EE (P<.001). Thus, at 27 degrees C, compared to 22 degrees C, energy metabolism was reduced by reductions in DIT and in AEE, while RQ was increased. Reduction in EI was primarily related to body temperature changes and secondarily to changes in EE.
This paper references
Temperature-sensitive neurons in the hypothalamus: A new hypothesis that they act as thermostats, not as transducers
S. Kobayashi (1989)
Thermoregulation : physiology and biochemistry
E. Schoenbaum (1990)
Control of skin blood flow, sweating, and heart rate: role of skin vs. core temperature.
C. Wyss (1974)
International Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Therapeutics
M. Webber (1972)
Temperatures of skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle and core in resting men in cold, comfortable and hot conditions
P. Webb (2004)
Restrained eating, obesity, and cumulative food intake curves during four-course meals
M. Westerterp-Plantenga (1991)
The three-factor eating questionnaire to measure dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger.
A. Stunkard (1985)
Food intakes and weight changes in climatic extremes.
O. G. Edholm (1966)
Concomitant interindividual variation in body temperature and metabolic rate.
R. Rising (1992)
Food Intake as a Mechanism of Temperature Regulation *
J. Brobeck (1948)
Circadian rhythm of heat production, heart rate, and skin and core temperature under unmasking conditions in men.
K. Kräuchi (1994)
Environment and Food Intake in Man.
R. E. Johnson (1947)
Heat regulation: homeostasis of central temperature in man.
T. Benzinger (1969)
Esophageal, rectal, and muscle temperature during exercise.
B. Saltin (1966)
The basal metabolism of European women in South India and the effect of change of climate on European and South Indian women.
E. D. Mason (1934)
THE RADIATION OF HEAT FROM THE HUMAN BODY: I. An Instrument for Measuring the Radiation and Surface Temperature of the Skin.
J. Hardy (1934)
Techniques for measuring body composition
J. Brozek (1961)
Homeostasis and Circadian Rhythmicity in the Control of Body Temperature a
R. Refinetti (1997)
Deceleration in cumulative food intake curves, changes in body temperature and diet-induced themogenesis
M. Westerterp-Plantenga (1990)
Effect of environmental temperature on energy expenditure and caloric requirements.
J. Leblanc (1957)
Temperature Regulation in the Neutral Zone
G. Brengelmann (1997)
Energy Metabolism and Protein Balance in Growing Rats Housed in 18°C or 28°C Environments and Fed Different Levels of Dietary Protein
X. Zhao (1996)
24 h energy expenditure during a standardized activity protocol in young and elderly men.
D. Pannemans (1995)
Satiety related to 24 h diet-induced thermogenesis during high protein/carbohydrate vs high fat diets measured in a respiration chamber
M. Westerterp-Plantenga (1999)
Environmental temperature and energy expenditures.
C. Consolazio (1963)
Patterns of body temperature during feeding in rats under varying ambient temperatures
J. Vries (1993)
Core-skin gradient of body temperature related to non-shivering thermogenesis 3 in humans at a lowered ambient temperature
M. Westerterp-Plantenga (2001)
Analysis of energy density of food in relation to energy intake regulation in human subjects.
M. Westerterp-Plantenga (2001)
New methods for calculating metabolic rate with special reference to protein metabolism
J. Weir (1949)
Individual variation in the relation between body temperature and energy expenditure in response to elevated ambient temperature
W. D. Lichtenbelt (2001)
Basal Metabolism in Health and Disease
Eugene F. Du Bois (1936)
Determinants of 24-hour energy expenditure in man. Methods and results using a respiratory chamber.
E. Ravussin (1986)
Reflex control of skin blood flow by skin temperature: role of core temperature.
J. M. Johnson (1979)
Differences between Men and Women in Their Response to Heat and Cold.
J. Hardy (1940)
Effect of environmental temperature on pleasure ratings of odors and tastes
M. Russek (1979)
Control aspects of human temperature regulation
J. Werner (1981)
Thermogenic response to temperature, exercise and food stimuli in lean and obese women, studied by 24 h direct calorimetry.
S. Blaza (1983)
Physical performance and peak aerobic power at different body temperatures.
U. Bergh (1979)
Undereating and underrecording of habitual food intake in obese men: selective underreporting of fat intake.
A. Goris (2000)
Determinants of weight maintenance in women after diet-induced weight reduction
M. Westerterp-Plantenga (1998)
Diet-induced thermogenesis.
N. Rothwell (1983)
Influence of mild cold on 24 h energy expenditure, resting metabolism and diet-induced thermogenesis.
M. Dauncey (1981)
Homeostatic competition between food intake and temperature regulation in rats
K. Johnson (1982)
A dual-respiration chamber system with automated calibration.
P. Schoffelen (1997)
Long-term measurements of energy expenditure in humans using a respiration chamber.
E. Jéquier (1983)
Die Reguration der korpertemperatur bei muskelarbeit
M. Nielsen (1938)

This paper is referenced by
The association between indoor temperature and body mass index in children: the PIAMA birth cohort study
Floor R. Scheffers (2013)
Effects of Indoor Thermal Environment on Human Food Intake, Productivity, and Comfort: Pilot, Randomized, Crossover Trial
M. Richardson (2018)
Energy metabolism in humans at a lowered ambient temperature
M. Westerterp-Plantenga (2002)
Not so hot: Optimal housing temperatures for mice to mimic the thermal environment of humans.
J. Speakman (2012)
Is Food Marketing Making Us Fat? A Multi-Disciplinary Review
Pierre Chandon (2011)
Environments and health: Assessing influences of the built and natural environment on mental and physical health
Kimberly A Rollings (2013)
Ten Putative Contributors to the Obesity Epidemic
E. J. Mcallister (2009)
The influence of ambient scent temperature on food consumption behavior.
Sarah Lefebvre (2019)
Differences in postingestive metabolism of glutamate and glycine between C57BL/6ByJ and 129P3/J mice.
H. Ji (2007)
Association between summer temperature and body weight in Japanese adolescents and children: An ecological analysis
M. Yokoya (2016)
Slim by Design: Redirecting the Accidental Drivers of Mindless Overeating
B. Wansink (2014)
Cold-induced thermogenesis in humans
R. Brychta (2017)
Historic Variations in Winter Indoor Domestic Temperatures and Potential Implications for Body Weight Gain
A. Mavrogianni (2013)
Reappraising the stereotypes of diabetes in the modern diabetogenic environment
J. Wentworth (2009)
Could increased time spent in a thermal comfort zone contribute to population increases in obesity?
F. Johnson (2011)
Nutrient Selection in the Absence of Taste Receptor Signaling
X. Ren (2010)
The Effects of High-Temperature Weather on Human Sleep Quality and Appetite
Guozhong Zheng (2019)
Association of ambient indoor temperature with body mass index in england
M. Daly (2014)
Ambient Temperature and Obesity
D. Moellering (2012)
Ruth E. Brown, Arya M. Sharma, Chris I. Ardern, Pedi Mirdamadi, Paul Mirdamadi and Jennifer L. Kuk. "Secular differences in the association between caloric intake, macronutrient intake, and physical activity with obesity." [Obesity Research & Clinical Practice (2015)].
R. Brown (2016)
Challenging energy balance - during sensitivity to food reward and modulatory factors implying a risk for overweight - during body weight management including dietary restraint and medium-high protein diets
M. Westerterp-Plantenga (2020)
The effects of indoor and outdoor temperature on metabolic rate and adipose tissue – the Mississippi perspective on the obesity epidemic
J. B. Turner (2016)
The potential role of irisin in the thermoregulatory responses to mild cold exposure 1 in adults . 2 3
E. Calton (2016)
Reprint of: Ruth E. Brown, Arya M. Sharma, Chris I. Ardern, Pedi Mirdamadi, Paul Mirdamadi and Jennifer L. Kuk. "Secular differences in the association between caloric intake, macronutrient intake, and physical activity with obesity." [Obesity Research & Clinical Practice (2015)].
R. Brown (2016)
Body mass index and mental health in young people - predictors of early heart failure and cardiomyopathy
J. Robertson (2019)
Change Their Choice! Changing Behavior Using the CAN Approach and Activism Research
B. Wansink (2015)
Obesitat infantil: ens estem equivocant? Principals causes del problema i tendències d’investigació
Pere Antoni Borràs (2013)
Obesidad infantil: ¿nos estamos equivocando? Principales causas del problema y tendencias de investigación
P. Borràs (2013)
Does food marketing need to make us fat? A review and solutions
Pierre Chandon (2012)
The effects of exercise and ambient temperature on dietary intake, appetite sensation, and appetite regulating hormone concentrations
Iva Mandic (2019)
"Efecto de una intervención basada en dieta hipocalórica sola o combinada con entrenamiento de fuerza sobre el peso, la composición corporal y el riesgo cardiovascular en mujeres obesas con hipercolesterolemia"
F. Farmacia (2012)
Effects of subjective feeling of environmental temperature on appetite and food intake in Chinese sociodemographic and ethnic groups
A. Halawa (2019)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar