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Non-adhesive Cyanoacrylate As An Embolic Material For Endovascular Neurosurgery.
H. Oowaki, S. Matsuda, N. Sakai, T. Ohta, H. Iwata, A. Sadato, W. Taki, N. Hashimoto, Y. Ikada
Published 2000 · Medicine
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Endovascular neurosurgery is now becoming available as one of strategies for the treatment of cerebro-spinal arterio-venous malformations and aneurysms. For this treatment, a microcatheter is advanced into or close to a lesion and then an embolic material is administered through it to obliterate the lesion. N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) has preferentially been used as an embolic material in Europe and America. However, its exceptionally strong adhesive force sometimes causes adhesion between the tip of the microcatheter and the artery. In this study, a new non-adhesive cyanoacrylate, isostearyl-2-cyanoacrylate (ISCA), was developed. It carries a long hydrophobic side isostearyl group with lower reactivity and adhesion than other cyanoacrylates. Its polymerization rate is, however, too low to obliterate a vascular lesion with a rapid blood flow. To increase the polymerization rate. ISCA was mixed with NBCA. As a result, the adhesive force of the mixture became extremely low, compared with that of NBCA. The viscosity of the mixture was low enough to allow its' use as an embolic material. Tissue reactions against the mixture was milder than those against NBCA. Radio-angiography became possible by mixing further with Lipiodol. The evaluation of this new embolic material with a rabbit renal artery showed that the obliteration effect of the mixture of ISCA and NBCA was excellent to use as an embolic material for clinical applications.
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