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Reviewing The DA001-files: A 16S RRNA Chase On Suspect #X99967, A Bacillus And Dutch Underground Activist.

A. Felske
Published 1999 · Biology, Medicine

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A variant of 'the rRNA approach' on uncultured soil bacteria is discussed, which is mainly based on 16S rRNA rather than on genomic 16S rDNA. While the rDNA only reflects the presence of bacteria, the rRNA indicates much more the activity of bacteria. Hence, the presented strategy can indicate the involvement of uncultured bacteria to the metabolic activity of the total microbial community. The potentials and limitations of the applied techniques will be discussed: isolation of ribosomes from soil, temperature gradient gel electrophoresis, cloning and sequencing, and the verification of these data by V6 Southern blot hybridization, dot blot hybridization and in situ hybridization. By this and another novel rRNA quantification approach, the multiple competitive RT-PCR, it could be found that an uncultured Bacillus, recognized as ribotype DA001, contributes approximately 5-10% to all bacterial ribosomes in Dutch Drentse A grassland soils. These bacteria should be major operators of biogeochemical processes in soil.
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