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Electrochemical Synthesis Of Polypyrrole Films Over Each Of Well-aligned Carbon Nanotubes

J. Chen, Zhongping Huang, D. Wang, S. Yang, Weidong Li, J. Wen, Z. Ren
Published 2001 · Materials Science

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Abstract Polypyrrole (PPy) films were uniformly electropolymerized over each carbon nanotube of the well-aligned carbon nanotube arrays. For comparison, PPy films were also coated on flat metallic titanium (Ti) and platinum (Pt) substrates by the same technique. The synthesis and the redox performance of the PPy films were conducted by cyclic voltammetry (CV). The structural characterization including the thickness and uniformity of the PPy films was carried out by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It is observed that the coating of the PPy film over carbon nanotubes is much faster than that on flat Ti/Pt surface. Furthermore, the redox performance of the PPy-coated carbon nanotube electrodes over flat Ti/Pt electrodes was significantly improved due to the high accessible surface area of the carbon nanotubes in the aligned arrays, especially in large film formation charge ( Q film ). It is very promising that the electrode developed in this study could be used as high performance electrode in rechargeable batteries.
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