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Large Scale Solar Production Of Fullerenes And Carbon Nanotubes

L. Alvarez, T. Guillard, G. Olalde, B. Rivoire, J. Robert, P. Bernier, G. Flamant, D. Laplaze
Published 1999 · Materials Science

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Direct vaporization of graphite, under inert gas atmosphere, using a 2 kW solar furnace of the Odeillo institute, gives fullerenes with a yield which can reach 20 %. In the same way, vaporizing graphite/bimetal targets we can produce single-wall carbon nanotubes. The limiting factor is the target temperature which is around 3000 K. With a more powerful furnace (1000 kW) for which the vaporization temperature could reach 3400 K for larger targets we can increase significantly the fullerenes yield or the purity of carbon nanotubes. We report the first results obtained with this new set-up.
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