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Effect Of The Molecular Structure Of Mixed Nonionic Surfactants On The Temperature Of Miniemulsion Formation

Le-Rong Dai, W. Li, X. Hou
Published 1997 · Chemistry

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The conditions for preparation of O/W miniemulsions by spontaneous emulsification were studied in mixed systems of the nonionic surfactants Tween and Span. In addition to an appropriate HLB value, the constitution and structure of the mixed film on the water/oil interface is also an important factor affecting the temperature of miniemulsion formation. The experimental results showed that the inequality of carbon chain length in the mixed surfactants or the presence of a double bond in the surfactant CH chain may depress the minimum emulsifying temperature. It is suggested that a loosely arranged mixed film favored the spontaneous formation of a miniemulsion.
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