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Chapter 13 Microbial Diversity In Sphagnum Peatlands

D. Gilbert, E. Mitchell
Published 2006 · Environmental Science

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Publisher Summary Peat accumulates because the net production of organic matter exceeds its decomposition by microorganisms. Peatlands, and especially Sphagnum-dominated peatlands, were at one time erroneously believed to be devoid of microbial life. In reality, and despite the successful use of Sphagnum mosses as surgical dressings, diapers, or menstrual pads, Sphagnum mosses and peatlands in general are home to a high diversity of microorganisms. In the functional approach, the focus is on the role of microorganisms in the cycling of nutrients, mainly carbon and nitrogen, in the ecosystem. These processes remain poorly understood in peatlands, partly because of the lower funding for research in these ecosystems as compared to others more directly economically relevant. Nevertheless, the important role of peatlands in the global carbon cycle, as carbon pools, sinks, and sources, and the increasing concern about the anthropogenic influence on the greenhouse effect, have resulted in a recent increase in the number of studies in microbial ecology (methanogenic and methanotrophic bacteria) and biogeochemistry of peatlands.
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10.1002/ecy.2161
Environmental filtering and phylogenetic clustering correlate with the distribution patterns of cryptic protist species.
D. Singer (2018)
10.1093/femsre/fuy006
Soil protists: a fertile frontier in soil biology research.
S. Geisen (2018)
10.1051/LIMN/2013056
Diversity and assemblage patterns of microorganisms structured by the groundwater chemistry gradient in spring fens
Vendula Křoupalová (2013)
10.1002/IROH.201111357
Testate Amoeba (Arcellinida, Euglyphida) Ecology along a Poor-Rich Gradient in Fens of Western Poland
Łukasz Lamentowicz (2011)
10.1002/JQS.2732
A natural experiment suggests little direct temperature forcing of the peatland palaeoclimate record
R. Payne (2014)
10.1111/J.1365-2699.2010.02426.X
COI gene and ecological data suggest size-dependent high dispersal and low intra-specific diversity in free-living terrestrial protists (Euglyphida: Assulina): High dispersal in testate amoebae
E. Lara (2011)
10.1002/JQS.2650
A 1300-year multi-proxy, high-resolution record from a rich fen in northern Poland: Reconstructing hydrology, land use and climate change
M. Lamentowicz (2013)
10.1007/s11273-018-9594-y
Testate amoebae community analysis as a tool to assess biological impacts of peatland use
Emmanuela Daza Secco (2018)
10.1371/journal.pone.0187575
Fungal communities in ancient peatlands developed from different periods in the Sanjiang Plain, China
Z. Zhang (2017)
10.1111/JBI.12655
A legacy of human‐induced ecosystem changes: spatial processes drive the taxonomic and functional diversities of testate amoebae in Sphagnum peatlands of the Galápagos
B. Fournier (2016)
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