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What Is Better In Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy – Prone Or Supine? A Systematic Review

David K. M. Mak, Yuko Smith, Noor N P Buchholz, T. M. El-husseiny
Published 2016 · Medicine
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Abstract Objective: To review the literature reporting the technique of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and outcomes for prone and supine PCNL, as PCNL is an established treatment for renal calculi and both prone and supine PCNL have been described, but there has been much debate as to the optimal position for renal access in PCNL. Methods: A review of the medical literature was conducted using the PubMed database to identify relevant studies reporting on prone and supine PCNL published up until July 2015. Only publications in English were considered. Search terms included ‘supine’, ‘prone’, ‘percutaneous nephrolithotomy’, ‘PCNL’ and ‘randomised controlled trial’. Articles relevant to the particular aspect of PCNL discussed were selected. Results: In all, 30 articles were included in the literature review. Nine of these articles were of Level 1 Evidence as graded by the Oxford System of Evidence-based Medicine. Conclusion: The present systematic review highlights the benefits and disadvantages of supine and prone PCNL. The published data on supine and prone PCNL have shown no significant superiority of either approach. Whether prone or supine PCNL is optimal, remains a debatable topic.
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