Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Applications Of Biochar In Redox-mediated Reactions.

Yong Tao Yuan, Nanthi S. Bolan, Antonin Prévoteau, Meththika Vithanage, Jayanta Kumar Biswas, Yong Sik Ok, Hailong Wang
Published 2017 · Chemistry, Medicine
Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Biochar is chemically more reduced and reactive than the original feedstock biomass. Graphite regions, functional groups, and redox-active metals in biochar contribute to its redox characteristics. While the functional groups such as phenolic species in biochar are the main electron donating moieties (i.e., reducers), the quinones and polycondensed aromatic functional groups are the components accepting electrons (oxidants). The redox capacity of biochar depends on feedstock properties and pyrolysis conditions. This paper aims to review and summarize the various synthesis techniques for biochars and the methods for probing their redox characteristics. We review the abiotic and microbial applications of biochars as electron donors, electron acceptors, or electron shuttles for pollutant degradation, metal(loid)s (im)mobilization, nutrient transformation, and discuss the underlying mechanisms. Furthermore, knowledge gaps that exist in the exploration and differentiation of the electron transfer mechanisms involving biochars are also identified.
This paper references
10.1016/0927-7757(95)03368-8
Adsorption of arsenic onto hydrous ferric oxide : effects of adsorbate/adsorbent ratios and co-occurring solutes
Jennifer A. Wilkie (1996)
10.1016/j.biortech.2015.05.007
Enhancing syntrophic metabolism in up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors with conductive carbon materials.
Zhiqiang Zhao (2015)
arsenic, cadmium and zinc by biochar. Environ. Pollut
J. Beiyuan (2017)
10.1007/978-0-387-21510-5_2
Biogeochemical Processes Regulating Metal Behavior
Domy C. Adriano (2001)
10.3844/AJABSSP.2014.450.456
CHARACTERIZATION OF OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCH AND RICE HUSK BIOCHARS AND THEIR POTENTIAL TO ADSORB ARSENIC AND CADMIUM
Norazlina Abu Sari (2014)
10.1021/acs.jafc.6b03925
Solid-Phase Speciation and Solubility of Phosphorus in an Acid Sulfate Paddy Soil during Soil Reduction and Reoxidation as Affected by Oil Palm Ash and Biochar.
Worachart Wisawapipat (2017)
10.1007/s11368-016-1360-2
Biochar for crop production: potential benefits and risks
Mubshar Hussain (2016)
10.1016/J.AGEE.2015.03.005
Estimating direct N2O emissions from sheep, beef, and deer grazed pastures in New Zealand hill country: accounting for the effect of land slope on the N2O emission factors from urine and dung
Surinder Saggar (2015)
10.4155/cmt.13.23
Shifting paradigms: development of high-efficiency biochar fertilizers based on nano-structures and soluble components
Smruthimol Joseph (2013)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.12.027
Enhanced Cr(VI) reduction and As(III) oxidation in ice phase: important role of dissolved organic matter from biochar.
Xiaoling Dong (2014)
10.1002/anie.200400655
Controlled microwave heating in modern organic synthesis.
C. Oliver Kappe (2004)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.03.022
Mobility and phytoavailability of As and Pb in a contaminated soil using pine sawdust biochar under systematic change of redox conditions.
Jingzi Beiyuan (2017)
Arsenic and chromium removal
E. Agrafioti (2014)
Characteristics and mechanisms of hexavalent
X. 4182–4189. Dong (2011)
10.1038/srep16221
Biochar as an electron shuttle for reductive dechlorination of pentachlorophenol by Geobacter sulfurreducens
Linpeng Yu (2015)
nitrous oxide emissions. Environ. Pollut
N. Ameloot (2016)
10.1002/etc.2087
Biochar-mediated reductive transformation of nitro herbicides and explosives.
Seok-Young Oh (2013)
10.1071/SR10009
An investigation into the reactions of biochar in soil
Stephen D. Joseph (2010)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.12.018
Remediation of heavy metal(loid)s contaminated soils--to mobilize or to immobilize?
Nanthi S. Bolan (2014)
Sorption and desorption of Cr(VI
Biochem (2015)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.10.071
Biochar as a sorbent for contaminant management in soil and water: a review.
Mahtab Ahmad (2014)
microbial extracellular respiration
S. Mao (2013)
Adsorption of As(III) and
A. W. Samsuri (2013)
10.1038/srep32870
The electron donating capacity of biochar is dramatically underestimated
Antonin Prévoteau (2016)
10.1021/es4048126
Key role of persistent free radicals in hydrogen peroxide activation by biochar: implications to organic contaminant degradation.
Guodong Fang (2014)
10.1038/srep11484
Hydrodynamic chronoamperometry for probing kinetics of anaerobic microbial metabolism – case study of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii
Antonin Prévoteau (2015)
10.1099/mic.0.037143-0
Metals, minerals and microbes: geomicrobiology and bioremediation.
Geoffrey Michael Gadd (2010)
Impacts of adding biochar
Z. Wang (2013)
Iron (III) reduction and phosphorous
T. Peretyazhko (2005)
10.1016/J.GEODERMA.2015.12.016
Biochar-induced N2O emission reductions after field incorporation in a loam soil
Nele Ameloot (2016)
10.1021/ACS.EST.6B03154
Black Carbon Facilitated Dechlorination of DDT and its Metabolites by Sulfide.
Kai Ding (2016)
Enhanced Cr(VI) reduction
X. 909–915. Dong (2014)
Organic and inorganic
D. Mohan (2014)
seedlings and wood
E. R. Graber (2014)
10.1111/j.1365-2389.1997.tb00194.x
Reduction of Cr(VI) by soil humic acids
Paul R. Wittbrodt (1997)
10.1016/j.biortech.2014.09.018
Improving abiotic reducing ability of hydrothermal biochar by low temperature oxidation under air.
Yunfeng Xu (2014)
10.1021/es702402a
Abiotic degradation of hexahydro-l,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine in the presence of hydrogen sulfide and black carbon.
Jerome M Kemper (2008)
Manipulation of persistent
G. 1902–1910. Fang (2015)
10.1016/j.biortech.2016.06.102
Investigation of the adsorption-reduction mechanisms of hexavalent chromium by ramie biochars of different pyrolytic temperatures.
Lu Zhou (2016)
10.1039/C2EE22459C
Promoting direct interspecies electron transfer with activated carbon
Fanghua Liu (2012)
10.1002/MAME.201400098
Preparation of Chain-Extended Poly(hexamethylene carbonate)s and their Block Copolymerization with Poly-L-lactide to Synthesize Partly Biobased Thermoplastic Elastomers
Koji Kobayashi (2014)
10.1201/B18920
Biochar : Production, Characterization, and Applications
Yong Sik Ok (2015)
10.1016/j.envpol.2014.09.014
High concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (naphthalene, phenanthrene and pyrene) failed to explain biochar's capacity to reduce soil nitrous oxide emissions.
José Antonio Alburquerque (2015)
2016. Black carbon facilitated dechlorination of DDT and its
W. Xu (2016)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.09.082
Role of organic amendments on enhanced bioremediation of heavy metal(loid) contaminated soils.
Jin Hee Park (2011)
10.1038/srep01732
Biochar and denitrification in soils: when, how much and why does biochar reduce N2O emissions?
M L Cayuela (2013)
10.1016/J.GEODERMA.2013.04.018
Impacts of adding biochar on nitrogen retention and bioavailability in agricultural soil
Hao Zheng (2013)
10.1111/EJSS.12071
Reducing capacity of water extracts of biochars and their solubilization of soil Mn and Fe
Ellen R. Graber (2014)
Biochar as electron acceptor
L. Yu (2016)
10.1007/s10533-005-2343-3
Iron Reduction and Soil Phosphorus Solubilization in Humid Tropical Forests Soils: The Roles of Labile Carbon Pools and an Electron Shuttle Compound
N Elena Martínez Chacón (2006)
10.1016/j.biortech.2014.10.103
Biochar supported nanoscale zerovalent iron composite used as persulfate activator for removing trichloroethylene.
Jingchun Yan (2015)
10.1007/s11104-011-1010-9
A wood based low-temperature biochar captures NH3-N generated from ruminant urine-N, retaining its bioavailability
Arezoo Taghizadeh-Toosi (2011)
10.1016/j.biortech.2014.11.011
Effects of pyrolysis temperature and heating time on biochar obtained from the pyrolysis of straw and lignosulfonate.
Jie Zhang (2015)
10.1021/acs.est.5b05517
Biochar-Facilitated Microbial Reduction of Hematite.
Shengnan Xu (2016)
10.1038/srep05019
Promoting Interspecies Electron Transfer with Biochar
Shanshan Chen (2014)
The electron donating
A. Prévoteau (2016)
10.1021/es9031419
Dynamic molecular structure of plant biomass-derived black carbon (biochar).
Marco Keiluweit (2010)
10.1021/es4012367
Role of black carbon electrical conductivity in mediating hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) transformation on carbon surfaces by sulfides.
Wenqing Xu (2013)
10.1021/es070743l
Competitive uptake of trichloroethene and 1,1,1-trichloroethane by Eucalyptus camaldulensis seedlings and wood.
Ellen R. Graber (2007)
sustainable adsorbent - a critical review
A. Mukherjee (2011)
Iron reduction and soil
N. Chacon (2006)
10.1016/J.GEODERMA.2011.04.021
Surface chemistry variations among a series of laboratory-produced biochars
Atanu Mukherjee (2011)
10.1038/ncomms14873
Rapid electron transfer by the carbon matrix in natural pyrogenic carbon
Tianran Sun (2017)
10.1016/j.envpol.2010.10.016
The immobilisation and retention of soluble arsenic, cadmium and zinc by biochar.
Luke Beesley (2011)
10.1007/s11356-014-3752-4
Sorption and desorption of Cr(VI) ions from water by biochars in different environmental conditions
Aleksandra Tytłak (2014)
10.1021/acs.est.6b02077
Electron Shuttles Enhance Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation Coupled to Iron(III) Reduction.
Guo-wei Zhou (2016)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.10.082
Removal of Cr (VI) with wheat-residue derived black carbon: reaction mechanism and adsorption performance.
Xue-song Wang (2010)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2013.12.012
Biochar enhances the microbial and chemical transformation of pentachlorophenol in paddy soil
Hongning Tong (2014)
10.1016/J.AGEE.2013.10.009
Biochar's role in mitigating soil nitrous oxide emissions: a review and meta-analysis
M L Cayuela (2014)
10.1007/978-94-011-3844-4
Biomass pyrolysis liquids : upgrading and utilisation
Anthony V. Bridgwater (1991)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.01.043
Engineered/designer biochar for contaminant removal/immobilization from soil and water: Potential and implication of biochar modification.
Anushka Upamali Rajapaksha (2016)
10.4155/cmt.10.32
Review of the stability of biochar in soils: predictability of O:C molar ratios
Kurt A. Spokas (2010)
10.1016/j.orggeochem.2008.12.004
Mineralisation and structural changes during the initial phase of microbial degradation of pyrogenic plant residues in soil
André Hilscher (2009)
10.1021/es030309t
Comparison of arsenic(V) and arsenic(III) sorption onto iron oxide minerals: implications for arsenic mobility.
Suvasis Dixit (2003)
10.1590/S1415-43662012000700009
Biochar: Agronomic and environmental potential in Brazilian savannah soils
Fabiano André Petter (2012)
10.1021/es500906d
Redox properties of plant biomass-derived black carbon (biochar).
Laura Klüpfel (2014)
10.1890/1540-9295(2007)5[381:BITB]2.0.CO;2
Bio-energy in the black
Johannes Lehmann (2007)
10.1080/01496395.2015.1062026
Sorption and Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solutions by Surface Modified Biochars
Qing-song Liu (2015)
10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.12.007
Arsenic and chromium removal from water using biochars derived from rice husk, organic solid wastes and sewage sludge.
Evita Agrafioti (2014)
10.1016/j.biotechadv.2009.01.004
Impact and application of electron shuttles on the redox (bio)transformation of contaminants: a review.
Frank P van der Zee (2009)
10.1016/j.biortech.2016.03.014
Mild hydrothermal conditioning prior to torrefaction and slow pyrolysis of low-value biomass.
Reinhart Van Poucke (2016)
10.1007/s40726-016-0028-2
Natural Arsenic in Global Groundwaters: Distribution and Geochemical Triggers for Mobilization
Indika Herath (2016)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.03.072
Mechanisms of metal sorption by biochars: Biochar characteristics and modifications.
Hong-Bo Li (2017)
Biochar: agronomic and environmental potential
F. A. 3643–3652. Petter (2012)
10.1080/01490451.2015.1062060
Biochar as Electron Acceptor for Microbial Extracellular Respiration
Linpeng Yu (2016)
10.5860/choice.47-0296
Biochar for environmental management : science and technology
Johannes Lehmann (2009)
10.1038/ncomms14872
Faster phonological processing and right occipito-temporal coupling in deaf adults signal poor cochlear implant outcome
D. S. Lazard (2017)
10.1021/ACS.ESTLETT.5B00354
Wood-Derived Black Carbon (Biochar) as a Microbial Electron Donor and Acceptor
Jovita M. Saquing (2016)
10.1016/J.APENERGY.2016.10.092
Pyrolysis process of agricultural waste using CO2 for waste management, energy recovery, and biochar fabrication
Jechan Lee (2017)
10.1016/j.biortech.2016.05.057
Progress in the preparation and application of modified biochar for improved contaminant removal from water and wastewater.
Mohammad Boshir Ahmed (2016)
10.1021/EZ5002209
Biochar as an Electron Shuttle between Bacteria and Fe(III) Minerals
Andreas Kappler (2014)
10.1080/10643389.2016.1239975
Designing advanced biochar products for maximizing greenhouse gas mitigation potential
Sanchita Mandal (2016)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.03.067
Amendment of biochar reduces the release of toxic elements under dynamic redox conditions in a contaminated floodplain soil.
Jörg Rinklebe (2016)
10.1016/j.jcis.2016.11.099
N-doped nanoporous carbon as efficient catalyst for nitrobenzene reduction in sulfide-containing aqueous solutions.
Na Liu (2017)
10.1002/JPLN.201100143
Effects of biochar compared to organic and inorganic fertilizers on soil quality and plant growth in a greenhouse experiment
Hardy Schulz (2012)
10.1007/s11356-015-5697-7
Mechanisms of biochar-mediated alleviation of toxicity of trace elements in plants: a critical review
Muhammad Suhail Rizwan (2015)
10.1038/ismej.2013.160
Linking N2O emissions from biochar-amended soil to the structure and function of the N-cycling microbial community
Johannes Harter (2014)
10.4155/bfs.10.81
Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass residuals: a comparative review of the chemistry, processes and applications of wet and dry pyrolysis
Judy A. Libra (2011)
10.1016/j.biortech.2013.08.082
Pb(II) and Cr(VI) sorption by biochars pyrolyzed from the municipal wastewater sludge under different heating conditions.
Weihua Zhang (2013)
Engineered/designer biochar for contaminant
N. S. Bolan (2016)
10.1016/J.JECE.2013.08.009
Adsorption of As(III) and As(V) by Fe coated biochars and biochars produced from empty fruit bunch and rice husk
Azemi Samsuri (2013)
10.1021/es4015025
Cr(VI) Formation related to Cr(III)-muscovite and birnessite interactions in ultramafic environments.
Anushka Upamali Rajapaksha (2013)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.12.093
Carbon storage in a heavy clay soil landfill site after biosolid application.
Nanthi S. Bolan (2013)
10.2166/wst.2014.143
Sorption studies of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution using bio-char as an adsorbent.
Abbas M. Hyder (2014)
10.1021/acsami.7b00619
Reduction of Bromate by Cobalt-Impregnated Biochar Fabricated via Pyrolysis of Lignin Using CO2 as a Reaction Medium.
Dong-Wan Cho (2017)
Competitive uptake
E. R. Graber (2007)
10.1016/j.biortech.2014.06.103
Biochar pyrolytically produced from municipal solid wastes for aqueous As(V) removal: adsorption property and its improvement with KOH activation.
Hongmei Jin (2014)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.02.112
Slow pyrolyzed biochars from crop residues for soil metal(loid) immobilization and microbial community abundance in contaminated agricultural soils.
Avanthi Deshani Igalavithana (2017)
10.1039/C5RA22886G
Effective removal of Cr(VI) using β-cyclodextrin–chitosan modified biochars with adsorption/reduction bifuctional roles
Xixian Huang (2016)
10.1021/es302971d
Generalized two-dimensional perturbation correlation infrared spectroscopy reveals mechanisms for the development of surface charge and recalcitrance in plant-derived biochars.
Omar R. Harvey (2012)
10.1146/annurev.ms.26.080196.001503
Microwave Processing of Materials
David E Clark (1996)
Reduction of bromate
Rep (2017)
Water; a review.
George Scatchard (1966)
Biochar enhances the microbial
M. Hu (2014)
10.1021/es5061512
Manipulation of persistent free radicals in biochar to activate persulfate for contaminant degradation.
Guodong Fang (2015)
10.1016/j.gca.2005.03.045
Iron(III) reduction and phosphorous solubilization in humid tropical forest soils
Tanya Peretyazhko (2005)
10.1021/es301029g
Pyrolysis for biochar purposes: a review to establish current knowledge gaps and research needs.
Joan J. Manyà (2012)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.04.008
Characteristics and mechanisms of hexavalent chromium removal by biochar from sugar beet tailing.
Xiaoling Dong (2011)
10.1016/j.biortech.2014.01.120
Organic and inorganic contaminants removal from water with biochar, a renewable, low cost and sustainable adsorbent--a critical review.
Dinesh Mohan (2014)
biochar is dramatically underestimated
A. U. Rajapaksha (2013)
10.1016/j.biortech.2016.06.073
Polymer/biomass-derived biochar for use as a sorbent and electron transfer mediator in environmental applications.
Seok-Young Oh (2016)
10.1016/J.RSER.2015.01.050
A comparative review of biochar and hydrochar in terms of production, physico-chemical properties and applications
Harpreet Singh Kambo (2015)
10.1016/J.AGEE.2015.03.015
Physico-chemical properties and microbial responses in biochar-amended soils: Mechanisms and future directions
Shamim Gul (2015)
10.1021/es201981g
Electrochemical analysis of proton and electron transfer equilibria of the reducible moieties in humic acids.
Michael Aeschbacher (2011)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.10.052
The use of carbon black to catalyze the reduction of nitrobenzenes by sulfides.
Xiaodong Yu (2011)



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/j.cej.2020.125077
Electrochemical behavior of biochar and its effects on microbial nitrate reduction: Role of extracellular polymeric substances in extracellular electron transfer
Kuppusamy Sathishkumar (2020)
10.3390/CATAL8120573
Prominent Conductor Mechanism-Induced Electron Transfer of Biochar Produced by Pyrolysis of Nickel-Enriched Biomass
Wenbing Tan (2018)
10.1007/s11356-018-2877-2
Development of hybrid processes for the removal of volatile organic compounds, plasticizer, and pharmaceutically active compound using sewage sludge, waste scrap tires, and wood chips as sorbents and microbial immobilization matrices
Renata Alves de Toledo (2018)
10.1002/CBEN.201700006
Role of Biochar Products towards Environmental Management and Technologies: A Brief Review
Fatima Imran Butt (2018)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121455
Participation of soil active components in the reduction of Cr(VI) by biochar: Differing effects of iron mineral alone and its combination with organic acid.
Zibo Xu (2019)
10.1016/j.biortech.2019.121619
Insights into biofilm carriers for biological wastewater treatment processes: Current state-of-the-art, challenges, and opportunities.
Yingxin Zhao (2019)
10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2019.03.080
Biochar-supported nZVI (nZVI/BC) for contaminant removal from soil and water: A critical review.
Shengsen Wang (2019)
10.1039/C8TA12159A
Upgrading earth-abundant biomass into three-dimensional carbon materials for energy and environmental applications
Shaofeng Zhou (2019)
10.1016/j.biortech.2019.03.146
Sludge-based biochar-assisted thermophilic anaerobic digestion of waste-activated sludge in microbial electrolysis cell for methane production.
Changkai Yin (2019)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.031
Cotransport of biochar and Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 in saturated porous media: Impacts of electrostatic interaction, extracellular electron transfer and microbial taxis.
Lecheng Liu (2019)
10.1007/s10653-019-00445-w
Characteristics and applications of biochar for remediating Cr(VI)-contaminated soils and wastewater
Shaopan Xia (2019)
10.1016/j.biortech.2019.02.092
A modified method for enhancing adsorption capability of banana pseudostem biochar towards methylene blue at low temperature.
Sen Liu (2019)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127082
Mediation of rhodamine B photodegradation by biochar.
Danping Wu (2020)
10.1016/j.cej.2020.125100
Enhancing biochar redox properties through feedstock selection, metal preloading and post-pyrolysis treatments
Francisco Javier Sánchez Chacón (2020)
10.1155/2019/2187132
Synthesis of Magnetic Biochar for Efficient Removal of Cr(III) Cations from the Aqueous Medium
Liliya V Frolova (2019)
10.3390/ma13020261
A Review of Non-Soil Biochar Applications
Mattia Bartoli (2020)
10.1016/j.envpol.2018.10.068
Biochar as both electron donor and electron shuttle for the reduction transformation of Cr(VI) during its sorption.
Xiaoyun Xu (2019)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.190
Biochar affects the dissolved and colloidal concentrations of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn and their phytoavailability and potential mobility in a mining soil under dynamic redox-conditions.
Ali Hasan El-Naggar (2018)
10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.02.047
Rice straw- and rapeseed residue-derived biochars affect the geochemical fractions and phytoavailability of Cu and Pb to maize in a contaminated soil under different moisture content.
Abdus Salam (2019)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.03.104
Humic substances, their microbial interactions and effects on biological transformations of organic pollutants in water and soil: A review.
Ewa Lipczynska-Kochany (2018)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135515
Aggregation-dependent electron transfer via redox-active biochar particles stimulate microbial ferrihydrite reduction.
Zf Yang (2019)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.125952
Visualizing electron storage capacity distribution in biochar through silver tagging.
Danhui Xin (2020)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125248
Assessment of biochar and/or nano zero-valent iron for the stabilisation of Zn, Pb and Cd: A temporal study of solid phase geochemistry under changing soil conditions.
Aikaterini Mitzia (2020)
10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120259
Fabrication and environmental assessment of photo-assisted Fenton-like Fe/FBC catalyst utilizing mealworm frass waste
Lei He (2020)
10.1016/j.cej.2020.125195
A critical review on arsenic removal from water using biochar-based sorbents: The significance of modification and redox reactions
Rabia Amen (2020)
10.1093/femsec/fiaa133
Biochar as electron donor for reduction of N2O by Paracoccus denitrificans
Mª Blanca Pascual (2020)
10.1016/j.envpol.2019.04.128
Assessing the effect of pyrolysis temperature on the molecular properties and copper sorption capacity of a halophyte biochar.
Jing Wei (2019)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136513
Autochthonous N-doped carbon nanotube/activated carbon composites derived from industrial paper sludge for chromate (VI) reduction in microbial fuel cells.
Shaofeng Zhou (2020)
10.1016/j.biortech.2018.12.058
Highly efficient nitrate removal in a heterotrophic denitrification system amended with redox-active biochar: A molecular and electrochemical mechanism.
Zhengsong Wu (2019)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.05.225
Pyrolysis-temperature depended quinone and carbonyl groups as the electron accepting sites in barley grass derived biochar.
Yue Zhang (2019)
10.1186/s13068-017-0994-7
Enhancing methane production from food waste fermentate using biochar: the added value of electrochemical testing in pre-selecting the most effective type of biochar
Carolina Cruz Viggi (2017)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133886
One-pot solvothermal synthesis of magnetic biochar from waste biomass: Formation mechanism and efficient adsorption of Cr(VI) in an aqueous solution.
Sha Liang (2019)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar