← Back to Search
Photo-biotechnology As A Tool To Improve Agronomic Traits In Crops.
M. Gururani, M. Ganesan, P. Song
Published 2015 · Biology, Medicine
Save to my Library
Download PDFAnalyze on Scholarcy
Phytochromes are photosensory phosphoproteins with crucial roles in plant developmental responses to light. Functional studies of individual phytochromes have revealed their distinct roles in the plant's life cycle. Given the importance of phytochromes in key plant developmental processes, genetically manipulating phytochrome expression offers a promising approach to crop improvement. Photo-biotechnology refers to the transgenic expression of phytochrome transgenes or variants of such transgenes. Several studies have indicated that crop cultivars can be improved by modulating the expression of phytochrome genes. The improved traits include enhanced yield, improved grass quality, shade-tolerance, and stress resistance. In this review, we discuss the transgenic expression of phytochrome A and its hyperactive mutant (Ser599Ala-PhyA) in selected crops, such as Zoysia japonica (Japanese lawn grass), Agrostis stolonifera (creeping bentgrass), Oryza sativa (rice), Solanum tuberosum (potato), and Ipomea batatas (sweet potato). The transgenic expression of PhyA and its mutant in various plant species imparts biotechnologically useful traits. Here, we highlight recent advances in the field of photo-biotechnology and review the results of studies in which phytochromes or variants of phytochromes were transgenically expressed in various plant species. We conclude that photo-biotechnology offers an excellent platform for developing crops with improved properties.
This paper references
Complex and shifting interactions of phytochromes regulate fruit development in tomato.
S. K. Gupta (2014)
Tuber Formation in Potato: Induction, Initiation, and Growth
E. Ewing (2010)
Development of high yielding cassava and sweetpotato lines as alternative biofuel crops
KM Kim (2004)
Structure and function of plant photoreceptors.
Andreas Möglich (2010)
Heterologous expression of Arabidopsis phytochrome B in transgenic potato influences photosynthetic performance and tuber development.
A. Thiele (1999)
Light-grown plants of transgenic tobacco expressing an introduced oat phytochrome A gene under the control of a constitutive viral promoter exhibit persistent growth inhibition by far-red light
A. Mccormac (2004)
Oat Phytochrome Is Biologically Active in Transgenic Tomatoes.
M. Boylan (1989)
Phytochrome structure and signaling mechanisms.
N. Rockwell (2006)
Canopy studies on ethylene-insensitive tobacco identify ethylene as a novel element in blue light and plant-plant signalling.
R. Pierik (2004)
Photoresponses of Light-Grown phyA Mutants of Arabidopsis (Phytochrome A Is Required for the Perception of Daylength Extensions)
E. Johnson (1994)
Photoperiodic inhibition of potato tuberization: an update
D. Sarkar (2010)
A red light-controlled synthetic gene expression switch for plant systems.
K. Müller (2014)
High-irradiance responses induced by far-red light in grass seedlings of the wild type or overexpressing phytochrome A
J. Casal (2004)
Control of tuberisation in potato by gibberellins and phytochrome B
S. D. Jackson (2008)
Positive Regulation of Phytochrome B on Chlorophyll Biosynthesis and Chloroplast Development in Rice
J. Zhao (2013)
Phytochrome photosensory signalling networks
P. Quail (2002)
Expression of heterologous phytochromes A, B or C in transgenic tobacco plants alters vegetative development and flowering time.
K. Halliday (1997)
Interactions between Ethylene, C02,andABAonGA3-Induced Amylase Synthesis inBarley Aleurone Tissue'
F. Tittle (1986)
Transgenic complementation of the hy3 phytochrome B mutation and response to PHYB gene copy number in Arabidopsis.
L. Wester (1994)
A Phytochrome-Associated Protein Phosphatase 2A Modulates Light Signals in Flowering Time Control in Arabidopsis Article, publication date, and citation information can be found at www.plantcell.org/cgi/doi/10.1105/tpc.005306.
D. Kim (2002)
Morphological traits of S598A sweetpotato as an industrial starch crop
Kyung-Moon Kim (2009)
Modification of Plant Architecture in Chrysanthemum by Ectopic Expression of the Tobacco Phytochrome B1 Gene
Zhi-Liang Zheng (2001)
Phototropism: at the crossroads of light-signaling pathways.
Anupama Goyal (2013)
Increased Phytochrome B Alleviates Density Effects on Tuber Yield of Field Potato Crops1
H. Boccalandro (2003)
Genetic engineering of harvest index in tobacco through overexpression of a phytochrome gene
Paul R.H. Robson (1996)
Plant genetic engineering for biofuel production: towards affordable cellulosic ethanol
M. Sticklen (2010)
Volotovski ID.Responses of transgenic Nicotiana tabacum seedlings expressing a Cucurbita pepoantisense PHYARNA to far-red radiation
Rice Phytochrome Is Biologically Active in Transgenic Tobacco.
S. Kay (1989)
A light-independent allele of phytochrome B faithfully recapitulates photomorphogenic transcriptional networks.
W. Hu (2009)
Ultraviolet B radiation enhances a phytochrome-B-mediated photomorphogenic response in Arabidopsis.
H. Boccalandro (2001)
A new role for phytochromes in temperature-dependent germination.
M. Heschel (2007)
Interaction of light and hormone signals in germinating seeds
M. Seo (2008)
Transformation of the apple rootstock M26 with the rolA gene and its influence on growth
A. Holefors (1998)
biologically active in transgenic tobacco
JM Keller (1989)
Phytochrome A resets the circadian clock and delays tuber formation under long days in potato.
M. Yanovsky (2000)
Phytochrome A Overexpression in Transgenic Tobacco (Correlation of Dwarf Phenotype with High Concentrations of Phytochrome in Vascular Tissue and Attenuated Gibberellin Levels)
E. T. Jordan (1995)
Plant adaptation to dynamically changing environment: the shade avoidance response.
I. Ruberti (2012)
Phytochrome B mediates the photoperiodic control of tuber formation in potato
S. D. Jackson (1996)
Indole-3-acetic acid sensitization of phytochrome-controlled growth of coleoptile sections.
J. R. Shinkle (1984)
Transcriptional control by protein phosphorylation: signal transmission from the cell surface to the nucleus
M. Karin (1995)
Dynamics of the Shade-Avoidance Response in Arabidopsis1[W]
A. Ciolfi (2013)
Phytochrome-mediated photomorphogenesis in plants
Yun-jeong Han (2009)
Phytochrome cytoplasmic signaling.
J. Hughes (2013)
Phytochromes influence stomatal conductance plasticity in Arabidopsis thaliana
Julian Z. Boggs (2009)
Light-quality regulation of freezing tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana
K. Franklin (2007)
Phytochromes B, D, and E Act Redundantly to Control Multiple Physiological Responses in Arabidopsis
K. Franklin (2003)
Patterns of Expression and Normalized Levels of the Five Arabidopsis Phytochromes1
R. Sharrock (2002)
Zoysiagrass, Creeping bentgrass
Analysis of phytochrome-deficient yellow-green-2 and aurea mutants of tomato
A. V. Tuinen (1996)
Light-regulated plant growth and development.
C. Kami (2010)
Regulation of flowering time: all roads lead to Rome
A. Srikanth (2011)
Genetic Regulation of Development in Sorghum bicolor (VIII. Shoot Growth, Tillering, Flowering, Gibberellin Biosynthesis, and Phytochrome Levels Are Differentially Affected by Dosage of the ma3R Allele
K. R. Foster (1994)
Establishment of far‐red high irradiance responses in wheat through transgenic expression of an oat phytochrome A gene
L. Shlumukov (2001)
Light signaling genes and their manipulation towards modulation of phytonutrient content in tomato fruits.
R. Azari (2010)
Overexpression of phytochrome A enhances the light-induced formation of adventitious shoots on horseradish hairy roots
T. Saitou (1999)
Cereal phytochromes: targets of selection, targets for manipulation?
R. Sawers (2005)
Expression of Functional Oat Phytochrome A in Transgenic Rice
R. Clough (1995)
Tomato seed germination: regulation of different response modes by phytochrome B2 and phytochrome A.
K. Appenroth (2006)
The Arabidopsis phytochrome B gene influences growth of the apple rootstock M26
A. Holefors (2000)
Phytochromes and cryptochromes in the entrainment of the Arabidopsis circadian clock.
D. Somers (1998)
Characterization of sunlight-grown transgenic rice plants expressing Arabidopsis phytochrome A
Sam-Geun Kong (2004)
Phytochromes differentially regulate seed germination responses to light quality and temperature cues during seed maturation.
J. Dechaine (2009)
Phytochrome-Specific Type 5 Phosphatase Controls Light Signal Flux by Enhancing Phytochrome Stability and Affinity for a Signal Transducer
Jong Sang Ryu (2005)
Phytochrome B mRNA expression enhances biomass yield and physiology of cotton plants
A. Q. Rao (2011)
棉花（Gossypium hirsutum L.）花粉壁的发育
Characterization of Tobacco Expressing Functional Oat Phytochrome : Domains Responsible for the Rapid Degradation of Pfr Are Conserved between Monocots and Dicots.
J. Cherry (1991)
Functional characterization of phytochrome autophosphorylation in plant light signaling.
Yun-jeong Han (2010)
chilling-induced photoinhibition in rice
M Izaguirre (2013)
The phytochrome apoprotein family inArabidopsis is encoded by five genes: the sequences and expression ofPHYD andPHYE
T. Clack (2004)
Decoding of light signals by plant phytochromes and their interacting proteins.
Gabyong Bae (2008)
Overexpression of homologous phytochrome genes in tomato: exploring the limits in photoperception.
S. H. Husaineid (2007)
Fruit-localized phytochromes regulate lycopene accumulation independently of ethylene production in tomato.
R. Alba (2000)
Nitric oxide acts downstream
Illuminated behaviour: phytochrome as a key regulator of light foraging and plant anti-herbivore defence.
C. Ballaré (2009)
Phytochrome B control of total leaf area and stomatal density affects drought tolerance in rice
J. Liu (2011)
Transposing phytochrome into the nucleus.
C. Fankhauser (2008)
ET Jordan (1994)
Control of seed germination by light-induced histone arginine demethylation activity.
Jung-Nam Cho (2012)
The role of phytochrome in stress tolerance.
R. Carvalho (2011)
Comparative genomic analysis of light-regulated transcripts in the Solanaceae
Mariana Rutitzky (2008)
Isolation and Characterization of Rice Phytochrome A Mutants
M. Takano (2001)
Insight into the radical mechanism of phycocyanobilin-ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PcyA) revealed by X-ray crystallography and biochemical measurements.
Shih-Long Tu (2007)
Cryptochrome 1 and phytochrome B control shade-avoidance responses in Arabidopsis via partially independent hormonal cascades
Mercedes M Keller (2011)
PIFs: Systems Integrators in Plant Development[W]
P. Leivar (2014)
Regulated proteolysis in light-related signaling pathways.
R. Henriques (2009)
PIFs get BRright: PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTORs as integrators of light and hormonal signals.
Miguel de Lucas (2014)
The PP6 Phosphatase Regulates ABI5 Phosphorylation and Abscisic Acid Signaling in Arabidopsis[C][W]
M. Dai (2012)
L 24345–56.Wester (2000)
The effects of blue and far red light on rhythmic leaflet movements in samanea and albizzia.
R. Satter (1981)
Cryptochromes Are Required for Phytochrome Signaling to the Circadian Clock but Not for Rhythmicity
P. Devlin (2000)
Deficiency of phytochrome B alleviates chilling-induced photoinhibition in rice.
Jian-Chao Yang (2013)
Jasmonate and Phytochrome A Signaling in Arabidopsis Wound and Shade Responses Are Integrated through JAZ1 Stability[C][W]
F. Robson (2010)
Transgenic Herbicide-Resistant Turfgrasses
I. Song (2013)
Responses of transgenic Nicotiana tabacum seedlings expressing a Cucurbita pepo antisense PHYA RNA to far-red radiation
T. A. Gapeeva (2011)
An amino-terminal deletion of rice phytochrome A results in a dominant negative suppression of tobacco phytochrome A activity in transgenic tobacco seedlings
K. Emmler (2004)
Molecular and biochemical triggers of potato tuber development.
A. Fernie (2001)
Influence of plastids on light signalling and development
R. Larkin (2014)
Photobodies in Light Signaling1
Elise K Van Buskirk (2011)
Composition and Biosynthesis of Lignocellulosic Biomass
W. Vermerris (2008)
Phenotypic Characterization of Transgenic Miscanthus sinensis Plants Overexpressing Arabidopsis Phytochrome B
Ok-Jin Hwang (2014)
Phytochrome signaling mechanisms and the control of plant development.
Meng Chen (2011)
Canopy studies on
Physiol 2004a (2004)
Dynamic proteomic profile of potato tuber during its in vitro development.
J. W. Yu (2012)
Mutations in the gene for the red/far-red light receptor phytochrome B alter cell elongation and physiological responses throughout Arabidopsis development.
J. Reed (1993)
Missense Mutation in the Amino Terminus of Phytochrome A Disrupts the Nuclear Import of the Photoreceptor1[C][W]
V. Sokolova (2011)
Phytochrome Phosphorylation Modulates Light Signaling by Influencing the Protein–Protein Interaction w⃞
Jeong-Il Kim (2004)
Phytochrome phosphorylation in plant light signaling.
Jeong-Il Kim (2005)
Effect of Light on the Formation of a Pigment in the Tomato Fruit Cuticle.
A. A. Piringer (1954)
Light-regulated transcriptional networks in higher plants
Yuling Jiao (2007)
The circadian oscillator is regulated by a very low fluence response of phytochrome in wheat.
F. Nagy (1993)
Phytochrome RNAi enhances major fibre quality and agronomic traits of the cotton Gossypium hirsutum L.
I. Abdurakhmonov (2014)
Expression of a functional monocotyledonous phytochrome in transgenic tobacco
J. M. Keller (1989)
Manipulation of the Blue Light Photoreceptor Cryptochrome 2 in Tomato Affects Vegetative Development, Flowering Time, and Fruit Antioxidant Content1
Leonardo Giliberto (2005)
Entrainment of Lemna CO(2) Output Through Phytochrome.
W. Hillman (1971)
Light-regulated nuclear localization of phytochromes.
A. Nagatani (2004)
Phytochrome A-mediated inhibition of seed germination in tomato
C. Shichijo (2001)
cDNA cloning and characterization of maize phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, a bundle sheath cell-specific enzyme
T. Furumoto (2004)
Interactions between Ethylene and Gibberellins in Phytochrome-Mediated Shade Avoidance Responses in Tobacco1
R. Pierik (2004)
Phytochrome functions in Arabidopsis development.
K. A. Franklin (2010)
Functional diversity of phytochrome family in the control of light and gibberellin-mediated germination in Arabidopsis.
M. Arana (2014)
Temperature, light and nitrate sensing coordinate Arabidopsis seed dormancy cycling, resulting in winter and summer annual phenotypes
S. Footitt (2013)
Physiological interactions of phytochromes A, B1 and B2 in the control of development in tomato.
J. L. Weller (2000)
Photoresponses of light-grown phyA
Rev Genet (2007)
Phototropism: Growing towards an Understanding of Plant Movement[OPEN]
E. Liscum (2014)
Arabidopsis PhyA, PhyB
Transgenic perennial biofuel feedstocks and strategies for bioconfinement
A. Kausch (2010)
Absolute quantification of five phytochrome transcripts in seedlings and mature plants of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)
B. Hauser (2009)
Ectopic expression of Arabidopsis phytochrome B in Troyer citrange affects photosynthesis and plant morphology
G. Distefano (2013)
Arabidopsis development. Plant Cell 1993;5:147–57
Shedding (far-red) light on phytochrome mechanisms and responses in land plants.
Anja Possart (2014)
Light-regulated overexpression of an Arabidopsis phytochrome A gene in rice alters plant architecture and increases grain yield
Ajay K. Garg (2005)
Overexpression of phytochrome A and its hyperactive mutant improves shade tolerance and turf quality in creeping bentgrass and zoysiagrass
M. Ganesan (2012)
Characterization of the gene encoding the apoprotein of phytochrome B2 in tomato, and identification of molecular lesions in two mutant alleles
L. Kerckhoffs (1999)
This paper is referenced by
Transgenic Turfgrasses Expressing Hyperactive Ser599Ala Phytochrome A Mutant Exhibit Abiotic Stress Tolerance
M. Gururani (2015)
Target genes for plant productivity improvement.
B. Nowicka (2019)
Characterization of Maize Phytochrome-Interacting Factors in Light Signaling and Photomorphogenesis1
Guangxia Wu (2019)
Grapevine Biotechnology: Molecular Approaches Underlying Abiotic and Biotic Stress Responses
Grace Armijo (2016)
Development of transgenic crops based on photo-biotechnology.
M. Ganesan (2017)
In Vivo Assessment of Cold Tolerance through Chlorophyll-a Fluorescence in Transgenic Zoysiagrass Expressing Mutant Phytochrome A
M. Gururani (2015)
Coordination of Cryptochrome and Phytochrome Signals in the Regulation of Plant Light Responses
Jun Su (2017)
Effect of O3 fumigation on photosynthesis and growth of quinoa and its interaction with drought and elevated CO2
M. H. Netshimbupfe (2018)
POSITIVE REGULATION OF PHYTOCHROME A ON SHADE AVOIDANCE IN MAIZE
YU HAOQIANG (2018)
Transformation of Matter and Energy in Crops Under the Influence of Brassinosteroids
Hadi Waisi (2019)
Application of Genetic Engineering in Vegetable Crops
J. Sidhu (2018)
Applications of Cytokinins in Horticultural Fruit Crops: Trends and Future Prospects
A. Aremu (2020)
High throughput transformation of a Sorghum cDNA library for rice improvement
K. Qin (2016)
Photosynthesis in a Changing Global Climate: Scaling Up and Scaling Down in Crops
Marouane Baslam (2020)
The molecular mechanism of shade avoidance in crops- How data from Arabidopsis can help to identify targets for increasing yield and biomass production
Yun-jia Tang (2017)
Beyond the limits of photoperception: constitutively active PHYTOCHROME B2 overexpression as a means of improving fruit nutritional quality in tomato
F. R. Alves (2020)
Regulation of monocot and dicot plant development with constitutively active alleles of phytochrome B
Wei Hu (2020)
Molecular control of crop shade avoidance.
Leonela Carriedo (2016)