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Investigation Of 3-D Ordered Materials With A High Adsorption Capacity For BSA And Their Potential Application As An Oral Vaccine Adjuvant.
Published 2014 · Chemistry, Medicine
3-D ordered macroporous (3DOM) materials were customized for BSA adsorption and further oral immunization. These carriers have a high adsorption capacity and our customized carrier showed a distinctive double-plateau adsorption behavior. Different BSA release rates (between the two plateaus) could be obtained by adjusting the ratio of the protein adsorbed on the internal surface and the external surface. This suggests that the release pattern was determined by the adsorption state. One benefit is that the same carrier could have different release profiles making it possible to study the relationship between the release behavior and adjuvant effects without any distractions. Compared with free BSA alone, a significantly higher level of serum IgG, IgA induced by BSA/3DOM was observed and the release profile had an effect on the immunity. The IgG1 and IgG2a titers suggesting that both the Th1 and Th2 mediated immune response were induced. Therefore, this research could help in the development of a novel inorganic oral adjuvant and provide a new avenue for the administration of oral vaccine.