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Abscisic Acid And Abiotic Stress Tolerance - Different Tiers Of Regulation.

R. Mehrotra, Purva Bhalothia, Prashali Bansal, Mahesh K. Basantani, Vandana Bharti, Sandhya Mehrotra
Published 2014 · Medicine, Biology

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Abiotic stresses affect plant growth, metabolism and sustainability in a significant way and hinder plant productivity. Plants combat these stresses in myriad ways. The analysis of the mechanisms underlying abiotic stress tolerance has led to the identification of a highly complex, yet tightly regulated signal transduction pathway consisting of phosphatases, kinases, transcription factors and other regulatory elements. It is becoming increasingly clear that also epigenetic processes cooperate in a concerted manner with ABA-mediated gene expression in combating stress conditions. Dynamic stress-induced mechanisms, involving changes in the apoplastic pool of ABA, are transmitted by a chain of phosphatases and kinases, resulting in the expression of stress inducible genes. Processes involving DNA methylation and chromatin modification as well as post transcriptional, post translational and epigenetic control mechanisms, forming multiple tiers of regulation, regulate this gene expression. With recent advances in transgenic technology, it has now become possible to engineer plants expressing stress-inducible genes under the control of an inducible promoter, enhancing their ability to withstand adverse conditions. This review briefly discusses the synthesis of ABA, components of the ABA signal transduction pathway and the plants' responses at the genetic and epigenetic levels. It further focuses on the role of RNAs in regulating stress responses and various approaches to develop stress-tolerant transgenic plants.
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10.1002/9781119312994.APR0611
Abiotic Stress Responses are Governed by Reactive Oxygen Species and Age
Aakansha Kanojia (2018)
10.1016/j.plantsci.2018.09.013
Miscanthus NAC transcription factor MlNAC12 positively mediates abiotic stress tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis.
X. Yang (2018)
تأثیر تنش کمآبی بر پاسخ بیانی ژنهای MFNAC، MTNAC و GMNAC گیاهچههای عدس (Lens culinaris M.)
زهرا همت پور (2020)
10.1016/j.plaphy.2019.10.003
Tartary buckwheat transcription factor FtbZIP83 improves the drought/salt tolerance of Arabidopsis via an ABA-mediated pathway.
Q. Li (2019)
10.1007/s11295-018-1294-5
Expressional characterization of galacturonosyltransferase-like gene family in Eucalyptus grandis implies a role in abiotic stress responses
Longjun Cheng (2018)
10.1371/journal.pone.0133975
Arabidopsis Raf-Like Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinase Kinase Gene Raf43 Is Required for Tolerance to Multiple Abiotic Stresses
N. Virk (2015)
10.1007/978-3-319-28899-4
Drought Stress Tolerance in Plants, Vol 1
M. Hossain (2016)
10.1007/s00425-018-2938-2
Maturation of Atriplex halimus L. leaves involves changes in the molecular regulation of stomatal conductance under high evaporative demand and high but not low soil water content
Reham M. Nada (2018)
10.1007/s12042-020-09265-0
Mechanisms and Signaling Pathways of Salt Tolerance in Crops: Understanding from the Transgenic Plants
Muhammad Zohaib Afzal (2020)
ENHANCEMENT IN PLANT WATER RELATIONS AND FATTY ACID PROFILE IN SUNFLOWER ( HELIANTHUS ANNUUS L . ) THROUGH APPLICATION OF ABSCISIC ACID UNDER VARIED WATER LEVELS
Hah (2018)
10.3389/fpls.2015.00458
Abscisic acid enhances tolerance of wheat seedlings to drought and regulates transcript levels of genes encoding ascorbate-glutathione biosynthesis
L. Wei (2015)
10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113705
Maize roots and shoots show distinct profiles of oxidative stress and antioxidant defense under heavy metal toxicity.
H. AbdElgawad (2019)
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