Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

Legacy And Emerging Contaminants In Meltwater Of Three Alpine Glaciers.

C. Ferrario, A. Finizio, S. Villa
Published 2017 · Environmental Science, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Meltwater samples collected in early and late summer from three Alpine glaciers were analysed to determine the occurrence of POPs (Persistent Organic Pollutants: DDTs, HCHs and PCBs) and emerging contaminants (current used pesticides and polycyclic musk fragrances). For legacy POPs, we reconstructed a concentration time series using data from previous surveys in the same areas (starting from 2000). The results suggest a declining tendency of these compounds, probably related to the introduction of international regulations, which has led the strong use reduction and ban of these compounds. Among the analysed current used pesticides the terbuthylazine and chlorpyrifos were found in all the analysed samples. The experimental results were in line with the prediction of the OECD tool screening model, which was applied to estimate the potential of these substances to undergo regional-scale atmospheric transport processes. Temporal and spatial differences in concentrations for these compounds were related to the timing of applications, weather conditions and crop distribution along the adjacent Po River Plain. Despite model predictions, the herbicide pendimethalin was never detected, probably due to the lower use of this compound in the agricultural practices. Conversely, concentrations of polycyclic musk fragrances galaxolide and tonalide were more homogeneous both temporally and spatially, in agreement with their continuous release from emission sources.
This paper references
10.1016/j.envpol.2011.06.015
Organic persistent toxic substances in soils, waters and sediments along an altitudinal gradient at Mt. Sagarmatha, Himalayas, Nepal.
L. Guzzella (2011)
10.5194/ACP-11-8087-2011
Impact of Po Valley emissions on the highest glacier of the Eastern European Alps
J. Gabrieli (2011)
10.1016/J.ECOENV.2005.05.010
Organochlorine compounds in ice melt water from Italian Alpine rivers.
S. Villa (2006)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.09.013
Polychlorinated naphthalenes in polar environments--a review.
T. Bidleman (2010)
10.1016/S1352-2310(00)00201-6
Persistent organic pollutants in snow from European high mountain areas
G. Carrera (2001)
TRAKING THE DISTRIBUTION OF PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS
F. Wania (1996)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.02.034
The chemical and environmental property space of REACH chemicals.
T. Öberg (2012)
10.1021/ES0704434
Air-sea exchange fluxes of synthetic polycyclic musks in the North Sea and the Arctic.
Zhiyong Xie (2007)
10.1016/j.envpol.2010.12.013
Persistent organic pollutant in a fish community of a sub-alpine lake.
S. Villa (2011)
10.1039/b707757m
Atmospheric transport of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) to Bjørnøya (Bear island).
R. Kallenborn (2007)
10.1016/j.envsoft.2008.06.014
The OECD software tool for screening chemicals for persistence and long-range transport potential
F. Wegmann (2009)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.02.017
Theoretical and experimental evidences of medium range atmospheric transport processes of polycyclic musk fragrances.
S. Villa (2014)
10.1021/ES051100D
Current-use and legacy pesticide history in the Austfonna Ice Cap, Svalbard, Norway.
M. Hermanson (2005)
10.1002/ETC.5620181210
Summertime transport of current‐use pesticides from California's Central Valley to the Sierra Nevada Mountain Range, USA
James S. LeNoir (1999)
10.1007/s10750-005-1804-y
Variability of Anthropogenic and Natural Compounds in High Altitude–high Accumulation Alpine Glaciers
V. Maggi (2005)
10.1002/etc.545
Current-use pesticides in inland lake waters, precipitation, and air from Ontario, Canada.
P. Kurt-Karakuş (2011)
10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00295-X
Pesticides in rainfall in Europe.
I. Dubus (2000)
10.1021/ES060237G
Organochlorine pesticide and polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations in snow, snowmelt, and runoff at Bow Lake, Alberta.
M. Lafrenière (2006)
10.1016/j.envpol.2010.06.042
Occurrence of PAH in the seasonal snowpack of the Eastern Italian Alps.
J. Gabrieli (2010)
10.1007/s11270-015-2648-3
Evaluation of Airborne Organic Pollutants in a Pyrenean Glacial Lake (The Sabocos Tarn)
Zoe Santolaria (2015)
10.1016/J.ATMOSENV.2013.04.027
Spatial, seasonal and vertical distributions of currently-used pesticides in the marine boundary layer of the North Sea
Carolin Mai (2013)
10.1007/S11270-005-7419-0
Ecological Risk Assessment for the Recent Case of DDT Pollution in Lake Maggiore (Northern Italy)
R. Bettinetti (2005)
10.1016/J.SCITOTENV.2006.09.008
Gradient distribution of persistent organic contaminants along northern slope of central-Himalayas, China.
X. Wang (2006)
10.1021/ES035105R
Simulating the influence of snow on the fate of organic compounds.
G. Daly (2004)
10.1021/ES048859U
Organic contaminants in mountains.
G. Daly (2005)
10.1021/ES00025A013
Gas- and particle-phase concentrations of .alpha.-hexachlorocyclohexane, .gamma.-hexachlorocyclohexane, and hexachlorobenzene in Ontario air
D. Lane (1992)
10.1897/08-324R.1
Long-range transport of organic chemicals in the environment.
M. Scheringer (2009)
10.1021/ES010685I
Atmospheric lifetimes and fates of selected fragrance materials and volatile model compounds.
S. M. Aschmann (2001)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.10.013
Comparison of glacial and non-glacial-fed streams to evaluate the loading of persistent organic pollutants through seasonal snow/ice melt.
E. Bizzotto (2009)
10.1021/es962399q
Peer reviewed: tracking the distribution of persistent organic pollutants.
F. Wania (1996)
10.1021/ES0605523
Accumulation of persistent organic pollutants in canopies of different forest types: role of species composition and altitudinal-temperature gradient.
L. Nizzetto (2006)
10.1016/S0277-3791(03)00173-2
The temperature of Europe during the Holocene reconstructed from pollen data
B. Davis (2003)
10.1016/J.ATMOSENV.2008.05.070
Atmospheric concentrations of current-use pesticides across south-central Ontario using monthly-resolved passive air samplers
T. Gouin (2008)
10.1021/es903007h
Release of legacy pollutants from melting glaciers: model evidence and conceptual understanding.
C. Bogdal (2010)
10.1021/ES00043A007
Distribution of persistent organochlorines in the oceanic air and surface seawater and the role of ocean on their global transport and fate
H. Iwata (1993)
Historical profile of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in an Alpine Glacier
S. Villa (2001)
10.1021/ES062873K
Modeling the effect of snow and ice on the global environmental fate and long-range transport potential of semivolatile organic compounds.
Judith Stocker (2007)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.10.044
Atmospheric monitoring of organic pollutants in the Arctic under the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP): 1993-2006.
H. Hung (2010)
10.1038/308722A0
Atmospheric transport of pollutants from North America to the North Atlantic Ocean
R. C. Harriss (1984)
10.1021/es402430t
Deposition history of polychlorinated biphenyls to the Lomonosovfonna Glacier, Svalbard: a 209 congener analysis.
O. Garmash (2013)
10.1016/J.ATMOSENV.2004.03.039
Is rain or snow a more efficient scavenger of organic chemicals
Y. Lei (2004)
10.1007/s11356-015-5854-z
Release of PCBs from Silvretta glacier (Switzerland) investigated in lake sediments and meltwater
P. Pavlova (2015)
10.1039/c3em00433c
Atmospheric deposition of current use pesticides in the Arctic: snow core records from the Devon Island Ice Cap, Nunavut, Canada.
X. Zhang (2013)
10.1016/J.ENVPOL.2003.08.025
Evidence for the "grasshopper" effect and fractionation during long-range atmospheric transport of organic contaminants.
T. Gouin (2004)
10.1016/S0048-9697(99)00291-0
Use of α-, β- and γ-hexachlorocyclohexane in Europe, 1970-1996
K. Breivik (1999)
10.1021/ES060157C
Atmospheric deposition of current-use and historic-use pesticides in snow at national parks in the western United States.
K. J. Hageman (2006)
10.1016/S1352-2310(03)00474-6
Formaldehyde record from Lys glacier firn core, Monte Rosa massif (Italy)
O. Largiuni (2003)
10.5194/ACP-13-3271-2013
The role of the global cryosphere in the fate of organic contaminants
A. Grannas (2012)
10.1029/2010JD014005
Current use and legacy pesticide deposition to ice caps on Svalbard, Norway
Rachel Ruggirello (2010)
10.1023/A:1005859228855
Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) and their Effects on Biodiversity: An Overview of the Atmospheric Pathways of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and Suggestions for Future Studies
A. Finizio (1998)
AMAP Assessment 2011, Mercury in the Arctic
F. Steenhuisen (2011)
10.1021/ES9708530
Differential Toxicity and Environmental Fates of Hexachlorocyclohexane Isomers
K. L. Willett (1998)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.06.005
Long-range atmospheric transport and the distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Changbai Mountain.
Xiangai Zhao (2015)
10.1021/ES060049Q
Measuring the release of organic contaminants from melting snow under controlled conditions.
T. Meyer (2006)
10.1016/J.ECOENV.2005.05.006
Analysis of a firn core for assessing POP seasonal accumulation on an Alpine glacier.
S. Villa (2006)
10.1016/j.watres.2007.12.016
Organic contaminant amplification during snowmelt.
T. Meyer (2008)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.11.038
Current use pesticides in Arctic media; 2000-2007.
Lisa Hoferkamp (2010)
10.1038/26944
Accumulation of persistent organochlorine compounds in mountains of western Canada
J. Blais (1998)
10.1897/03-457
Empirical and modeling evidence of regional atmospheric transport of current-use pesticides.
D. Muir (2004)
10.1007/S11270-007-9527-5
POPs in Mountain Soils from the Alps and Andes: Suggestions for a ‘Precipitation Effect’ on Altitudinal Gradients
P. Tremolada (2008)
10.1016/j.envpol.2015.08.012
Melting Himalayan glaciers contaminated by legacy atmospheric depositions are important sources of PCBs and high-molecular-weight PAHs for the Ganges floodplain during dry periods.
Brij Mohan Sharma (2015)
10.1023/A:1026316217354
Historical Trends of Organochlorine Pesticides in an Alpine Glacier
S. Villa (2003)
10.2134/JEQ1993.00472425002200010011X
Atmospheric Transport of Organophosphate Pesticides from California's Central Valley to the Sierra Nevada Mountains
J. M. Zabik (1993)
10.2134/JEQ1997.00472425002600060006X
Fate of Summertime Airborne Organophosphate Pesticide Residues in the Sierra Nevada Mountains
L. Aston (1997)
10.1021/es100290q
Variability in pesticide deposition and source contributions to snowpack in Western U.S. national parks.
Kimberly J. Hageman (2010)



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.033
Deriving aquatic life criteria for galaxolide (HHCB) and ecological risk assessment.
B. Fan (2019)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143351
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in fish species from different lakes of the lesser Himalayan region (LHR), Pakistan: The influence of proximal sources in distribution of POPs.
R. Riaz (2020)
Developing a Risk Assessment Protocol to Quantify Distribution and Uptake of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Glacial Outflows
K. Miner (2018)
10.1038/s41598-018-24613-7
Author Correction: Cryoconite as a temporary sink for anthropogenic species stored in glaciers
G. Baccolo (2018)
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.09.066
Quantitative screening level assessment of human risk from PCBs released in glacial meltwater: Silvretta Glacier, Swiss Alps.
K. Miner (2018)
10.23860/diss-mcdonough-carrie-2017
Spatial Distribution, Air-Water Exchange, and Toxicity of Organic Pollutants Using Passive Samplers
Carrie A McDonough (2017)
10.1007/s11356-019-07325-x
Macrobenthic invertebrates as bioindicators of trace elements in high-mountain lakes
Paolo Pastorino (2019)
10.1038/s41598-019-48873-z
Extreme levels of fallout radionuclides and other contaminants in glacial sediment (cryoconite) and implications for downstream aquatic ecosystems
P. Owens (2019)
10.1007/s00027-019-0675-7
Assessing the impact of ground ice degradation on high mountain lake environments (Lago Nero catchment, Swiss Alps)
C. Scapozza (2019)
10.1016/j.envpol.2017.07.039
Bacteria contribute to pesticide degradation in cryoconite holes in an Alpine glacier.
C. Ferrario (2017)
10.3390/CONDMAT3030024
Post-Depositional Biodegradation Processes of Pollutants on Glacier Surfaces
F. Pittino (2018)
10.1039/c7em00393e
Legacy organochlorine pollutants in glacial watersheds: a review.
K. Miner (2017)
10.20944/PREPRINTS201808.0176.V1
Organochlorine Pollutants within a Polythermal Glacier in the Interior Eastern Alaska Range
K. Miner (2018)
Emerging contaminants: distribution, environmental fate and effects at different levels of the ecological hierarchy organization
C. Ferrario (2018)
10.1007/s11356-020-08840-y
Co-presence of the anionic surfactant sodium lauryl ether sulphate and the pesticide chlorpyrifos and effects on a natural soil microbial community
T. Pescatore (2020)
10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111273
First record of emerging contaminants in sponges of an inhabited island in the Maldives.
C. Rizzi (2020)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139007
Accumulation of As, Cd, Pb, and Zn in sediment, chironomids and fish from a high-mountain lake: First insights from the Carnic Alps.
P. Pastorino (2020)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136946
Oxidative stress ecology in brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) from a high-mountain lake (Cottian Alps).
P. Pastorino (2020)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.006
People, pollution and pathogens - Global change impacts in mountain freshwater ecosystems.
D. Schmeller (2018)
10.1038/s41370-018-0100-7
A screening-level approach to quantifying risk from glacial release of organochlorine pollutants in the Alaskan Arctic
K. Miner (2018)
10.1080/15230430.2020.1747758
4-Nonylphenol in Sierra Nevada glaciers, California, USA
Rebecca A. Lyons (2020)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.129312
Levels and trends of synthetic musks in marine bivalves from French coastal areas.
Yann Aminot (2020)
10.1038/s41598-017-10220-5
Cryoconite as a temporary sink for anthropogenic species stored in glaciers
G. Baccolo (2017)
10.1016/j.envpol.2018.07.095
Fragrances and PAHs in snow and seawater of Ny-Ålesund (Svalbard): Local and long-range contamination.
M. Vecchiato (2018)
Occurrence of Synthetic Musks in Marine Shellfish Along French Coasts
K. Héas-Moisan (2017)
10.1007/s11356-019-06467-2
Behavioural and biochemical alterations by chlorpyrifos in aquatic insects: an emerging environmental concern for pristine Alpine habitats
V. Di Nica (2019)
10.4081/JLIMNOL.2018.1802
Response of Diamesa spp. (Diptera: Chironomidae) from Alpine streams to newly emergent contaminants and pesticides
V. Lencioni (2018)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140121
Analysis of large-scale monitoring data to identify spatial and temporal trend of risk for terbuthylazine and desethyl-terbuthylazine in surface water bodies of Po plain (Italy).
A. Di Guardo (2020)
10.3389/fenvs.2019.00177
Biodiversity Decline as a Consequence of an Inappropriate Environmental Risk Assessment of Pesticides
C. Brühl (2019)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.197
Fragrances in the seawater of Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica.
M. Vecchiato (2017)
10.1016/j.envpol.2018.03.029
Comparison of the behavioural effects of pharmaceuticals and pesticides on Diamesa zernyi larvae (Chironomidae).
S. Villa (2018)
10.1016/j.envpol.2019.02.067
Spatial-temporal analysis and risk characterisation of pesticides in Alpine glacial streams.
C. Rizzi (2019)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar