Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

An Optimized Model For Simulating Grain-filling Of Maize And Regulating Nitrogen Application Rates Under Different Film Mulching And Nitrogen Fertilizer Regimes On The Loess Plateau, China

H. Fang, Xiao-bo Gu, Tengcong Jiang, Jinyu Yang, Yuan-nong Li, Peng Huang, Peng-peng Chen, J. Yang
Published 2020 · Mathematics

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Abstract Grain-filling is a key stage allowing for the achievement of high grain yield. The ridge-furrow film mulching (RFFM) farming system has been widely adopted as a water saving and yield-improving planting pattern on the Loess Plateau of China. However, there is no convenient and effective model to understand the mechanism of maize grain-filling and effective nitrogen (N) management to obtain high grain yield under RFFM and N fertilizer. A two-year (2017–2018) field experiment was conducted on summer maize under RFFM (biodegradable film mulching (BM) and PE film mulching (PM)) and nitrogen fertilizer (0 (N0), 90 (N1), 180 (N2) and 270 (N3) kg N ha−1). The results showed that the 100-kernel dry weight was successfully simulated by the proposed model. After optimizing parameters, the model not only achieved minimum input requirements, but also successfully regulated N application. Moreover, characteristic parameters of grain-filling were significantly affected by the interaction of RFFM and N. N was beneficial for the improvement of the final 100-kernel dry weight ( a ) and grain-filling rate ( V m a x , V ¯ ) and was more improved under BM. The N1 with PM treatment reached the maximum grain-filling rate ( V m a x ) earlier. The maximum grain-filling rate ( V m a x ) and average rate of grain-filling ( V ¯ ) of PM was more sensitive to high N than BM. Parameters of the gradual-growing period were significantly affected by RFFM or N, but the interaction between RFFM and N had extremely significant effects on parameters of the fast-growing and slow-growing periods. For BM, N could improve the rate of three periods of grain-filling, and the N2 treatment was the best in the fast-growing and slow-growing periods. For PM, N could improve the rate of the gradual-growing period. According to the optimized model, the optimal nitrogen application rate of BM and PM was 205 kg ha−1 and 196 kg ha−1, respectively. Based on this optimized model, we could better understand the grain-filling process and achieve the appropriate nitrogen application rate.
This paper references
An Introduction to Crop Physiology
F. Milthorpe (1974)
Growth analysis on the process of grain filling in rice
Q. Zhu (1988)
Analysis on grain filling characteristics of winter wheat under sprinkler irrigation and surface irrigation conditions
Yao Su-mei (2011)
A sunflower simulation model: I. Model development
S. Chapman (1993)
Nitrogen use efficiency in a wheat–corn cropping system from 15 years of manure and fertilizer applications
Yinghua Duan (2014)
Effect of maize plant morphology on the formation of apical kernels at different sowing dates and under different plant densities
P. Yan (2018)
Suitability of mulching with biodegradable film to moderate soil temperature and moisture and to increase photosynthesis and yield in peanut
Tao Sun (2018)
Effects of drip irrigation regimes on potato tuber yield and quality under plastic mulch in arid Northwestern China
Feng-Xin Wang (2011)
H. G. Nass (1975)
Trait dissection of maize kernel weight: Towards integrating hierarchical scales using a plant growth approach
L. Borras (2010)
The influence of using biodegradable packaging films on the quality decay kinetic of plum tomato (PomodorinoDatterino
G. Muratore (2005)
Determination of critical nitrogen concentration and dilution curve based on leaf area index for summer maize
Ben Zhao (2018)
Agroecosystems, Nitrogen-use Efficiency, and Nitrogen Management
K. Cassman (2002)
Effects on soil temperature, moisture, and maize yield of cultivation with ridge and furrow mulching in the rainfed area of the Loess Plateau, China
R. Li (2013)
Benefit of using biodegradable film on rice grain yield and N use efficiency in ground cover rice production system
Ya-nan Zhang (2017)
Coupling effects of plastic film mulching and urea types on water use efficiency and grain yield of maize in the Loess Plateau, China
Qiaofei Liu (2016)
Alternate or equal ridge–furrow pattern: Which is better for maize production in the rain-fed semi-arid Loess Plateau of China?
Ibrahim M. Eldoma (2016)
Polyamines and ethylene interact in rice grains in response to soil drying during grain filling.
T. Chen (2013)
Yield, water and nitrogen use efficiencies of sprinkler irrigated wheat grown under different irrigation and nitrogen levels in an arid region
V. Rathore (2017)
A Flexible Growth Function for Empirical Use
F. J. Richards (1959)
Effect of different biodegradable and polyethylene mulches on soil properties and production in a tomato crop
M. Moreno (2008)
Response of crop yield and nitrogen use efficiency for wheat-maize cropping system to future climate change in northern China
Shuo Liang (2018)
Optimized nitrogen fertilizer application improves yield, water and nitrogen use efficiencies of winter rapeseed cultivated under continuous ridges with film mulching
Xiao-bo Gu (2017)
Mechanical behaviour of biodegradable agricultural films under real field conditions
D. Briassoulis (2006)
Chapter 7: Nutrient and water management effects on crop production, and nutrient and water use efficiency in dryland areas of China.
S. Li (2009)
Biodegradable film mulching improves soil temperature, moisture and seed yield of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.)
Xiao-bo Gu (2017)
Field estimation of water extraction coefficients with APSIM-Slurp for water uptake assessments in perennial forages
E. Teixeira (2018)
Grain filling characteristics of winter wheat with regulated deficit irrigation and its simulation models
Meng Zhao-jiang (2010)
Nitrogen efficiency in long-term wheat-maize cropping systems under diverse field sites in China.
J. Liu (2010)
A quantitative approach to characterize sink―source relationships during grain filling in contrasting wheat genotypes
X. Yin (2009)
The causes and impacts for heat stress in spring maize during grain filling in the North China Plain — A review
Zhi-qiang Tao (2016)
Responses of grain filling in spring wheat and temperate-zone rice to temperature: Similarities and differences
T. Kobata (2018)
Temporal and spatial variation in accumulated temperature requirements of maize
P. Hou (2014)
Nitrogen fertilizer use in China – Contributions to food production, impacts on the environment and best management strategies
Z. Zhu (2004)
Simulation of phenological development of wheat crops
E. Wang (1998)
Top-grain filling characteristics at an early stage of maize (Zea mays L.) with different nitrogen use efficiencies
Li-xia Shen (2017)
Leaf area index simulation in soybean grown under near-optimal conditions
T. Setiyono (2008)

This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar