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Changes In Ribosome Function By CAMP-dependent And CAMP-independent Phosphorylation Of Ribosomal Protein S6.

S. J. Burkhard, J. A. Traugh
Published 1983 · Medicine, Biology

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Alterations in ribosomal function were examined following phosphorylation of 40 S ribosomal subunits by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase and two cAMP-independent protein kinases, protease-activated kinases I and II. The cAMP-dependent protein kinase incorporated 2.0 mol of phosphate/mol of 40 S ribosomal subunits; ribosomal protein S6 was the sole phosphate acceptor. Phosphorylation of 40 S ribosomal subunits by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibited the binding of AUG by 41% and poly(A,U,G) by 25% when compared with nonphosphorylated 40 S ribosomal subunits. In addition, phosphorylation of 40 S ribosomal subunits by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibited translation of poly(A,U,G) by 30% in a reconstituted protein-synthesizing system. Protease-activated kinase II incorporated an average of 2.5 mol of phosphate/mol of 40 S ribosomal subunits which was distributed in equimolar amounts in derivatives of S6 containing one to four phosphates. Phosphorylation of 40 S ribosomal subunits by protease-activated kinase II increased the binding of AUG and poly(A,U,G) by 26 and 42%, respectively. Poly(A,U,G)-directed translation was stimulated 15% over that observed with nonphosphorylated ribosomes and 45% over that observed with ribosomes phosphorylated by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Protease-activated kinase I incorporated 1.0 mol of phosphate/mol of 40 S ribosomal subunits into ribosomal protein S10. Phosphorylation of 40 S ribosomal subunits by protease-activated kinase I did not alter the binding of AUG or poly(A,U,G). The effects of phosphorylation of 40 S ribosomal subunits by protease-activated kinase I on protein synthesis could not be examined due to the rapid release of phosphate from S10 in the reconstituted translation system.

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