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Effects Of Organic Monolayer Formation On Electrochemiluminescence Behavior Of Porous Silicon
Published 2000 · Materials Science
The effects of various organic monolayers on the surface of porous silicon on the electrochemiluminescence (ECL, also referred to as electroluminescence in the literature) characteristics were investigated. Surfaces were terminated with alkyne, alkene, and alkyl functionalities through cathodic electrografting (CEG), Lewis acid-mediated hydrosilylation (LA), and anodic electrografting (AEG), respectively. ECL was induced through the known formic acid/sodium formate electron injection system. Alkyl-terminated surfaces produced through AEG yielded the brightest emission of any of the functionalized surfaces although ECL emission was about half as intense as that from the underivatized Si−H-terminated surface. The lifetime, however, was extended by a factor of 2, and these surfaces demonstrate an unprecedented recharging phenomenon. When ECL ceases, a brief 10 s application of a cathodic bias restores most of the ECL emission intensity. This process can be cycled about 10 times, and results in a substantiall...