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Contact Resistance In Metal-molecule-metal Junctions Based On Aliphatic SAMs: Effects Of Surface Linker And Metal Work Function.
Published 2002 · Chemistry, Medicine
Using conducting probe atomic force microscopy (CP-AFM), we have formed molecular tunnel junctions consisting of alkanethiols and alkane isonitrile self-assembled monolayers sandwiched between gold, platinum, silver, and palladium contacts. We have measured the resistance of these junctions at low bias (dV/dI |V=0) as a function of alkane chain length. Extrapolation to zero chain length gives the contact resistance, R0 . R0 is strongly dependent on the type of metal used for the contacts and decreases with increasing metal work function; that is, R0,Ag > R0,Au > R0,Pd > R0,Pt. R0 is approximately 10% smaller for Au junctions with isonitrile versus thiol surface linkers. We conclude that the Fermi level of the junction lies much closer to the HOMO than to the LUMO.