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HCl Vapor-Induced Structural Rearrangements Of N-Alkanoate Self-Assembled Monolayers On Ambient Silver, Copper, And Aluminum Surfaces
Published 1996 · Chemistry
Exposure to HCl vapor of highly organized self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of n-alkanoic acids on native oxide-covered Ag, Cu, and Al surfaces results in a variety of structural changes strongly dependent on the specific SAM. Using infrared spectroscopy (IRS) and wetting measurements, it was observed that while SAMs on Al surfaces show no effects of HCl exposure over periods of minutes, exposure of SAMs on Ag and Cu over just periods of seconds induces protonation of the carboxylate head groups and severe reorganization of the film into different structural forms of the initial n-alkanoic acid. For the Ag SAMs of n-tridecanoic acid (C13) and shorter chains, disordered states of the acid are produced which upon ambient storage revert back to a carboxylate state with much less order than the initial SAM. However, for C14 and longer chains, protonation occurs to give crystalline forms of the acid. For the C16 SAM, the original structure of all-trans chains, tilted at 19−20° from the surface normal, converts ...