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BtCH(2)TMS-assisted Homologation Of Carboxylic Acids: A Safe Alternative To The Arndt-eistert Reaction

M. Katritzky, Zhang, Fang
Published 2000 · Medicine, Chemistry

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One-carbon homologation of carboxylic acids is achieved by (i) treatment of an acyl chloride with 1-[(trimethylsilyl)methyl]-1H-1,2, 3-benzotriazole (BtCH(2)TMS) (1) to afford N-(acylmethyl)benzotriazoles 3a-f, followed by (ii) conversion of 3a-f with triflic anhydride into RC(OTf)=CHBt 4a-f, and (iii) the subsequent reaction of 4a-c with NaOCH(3) followed by 1N HCl to afford esters RCH(2)CO(2)R' 7a-c in overall yields of 50-70%. For the aliphatic compounds 5d-f, treatment of 5d-f with p-toluenesulfonic acid followed by TBAF/THF afforded acids RCH(2)COOH 7d-f.
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