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Low-temperature Solution Processing Of Graphene-carbon Nanotube Hybrid Materials For High-performance Transparent Conductors.

V. Tung, L. Chen, M. Allen, Jonathan K. Wassei, K. Nelson, R. Kaner, Y. Yang
Published 2009 · Medicine, Materials Science

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We report the formation of a nanocomposite comprised of chemically converted graphene and carbon nanotubes. Our solution-based method does not require surfactants, thus preserving the intrinsic electronic and mechanical properties of both components, delivering 240 ohms/square at 86% transmittance. This low-temperature process is completely compatible with flexible substrates and does not require a sophisticated transfer process. We believe that this technology is inexpensive, is massively scalable, and does not suffer from several shortcomings of indium tin oxide. A proof-of-concept application in a polymer solar cell with power conversion efficiency of 0.85% is demonstrated. Preliminary experiments in chemical doping are presented and show that optimization of this material is not limited to improvements in layer morphology.



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