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Pectin: Cell Biology And Prospects For Functional Analysis
W. Willats, Lesley McCartney, W. Mackie, J. P. Knox
Published 2004 · Biology, Medicine
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Pectin is a major component of primary cell walls of all land plants and encompasses a range of galacturonic acid-rich polysaccharides. Three major pectic polysaccharides (homogalacturonan, rhamnogalacturonan-I and rhamnogalacturonan-II) are thought to occur in all primary cell walls. This review surveys what is known about the structure and function of these pectin domains. The high degree of structural complexity and heterogeneity of the pectic matrix is produced both during biosynthesis in the endomembrane system and as a result of the action of an array of wall-based pectin-modifying enzymes. Recent developments in analytical techniques and in the generation of anti-pectin probes have begun to place the structural complexity of pectin in cell biological and developmental contexts. The in muro de-methyl-esterification of homogalacturonan by pectin methyl esterases is emerging as a key process for the local modulation of matrix properties. Rhamnogalacturonan-I comprises a highly diverse population of spatially and developmentally regulated polymers, whereas rhamnogalacturonan-II appears to be a highly conserved and stable pectic domain. Current knowledge of biosynthetic enzymes, plant and microbial pectinases and the interactions of pectin with other cell wall components and the impact of molecular genetic approaches are reviewed in terms of the functional analysis of pectic polysaccharides in plant growth and development.
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Fabrication and evaluation of polylactic acid/pectin composite scaffold via freeze extraction for tissue engineering
Mohd Syahir Anwar Hamzah (2020)
Synthesis of a suite of click-compatible sugar analogs for probing carbohydrate metabolism.
Bo Wang (2016)
Novel cell wall architecture of isoxaben-habituated Arabidopsis suspension-cultured cells: global transcript profiling and cellular analysis.
I. Manfield (2004)
A role for pectin in the control of cell expansion
F. Blamey (2003)
Diversity in the distribution of polysaccharide and glycoprotein epitopes in the cell walls of bryophytes: new evidence for the multiple evolution of water‐conducting cells
R. Ligrone (2002)
Genetic identification and biochemical characterization of xylan backbone synthases in Arabidopsis and poplar
C. Lee (2011)
The characterisation of nascent pectin complexes in pea plants
H. D. Rizkallah (2005)
Investigating the binding of β‐1,4‐galactan to Bacillus licheniformis β‐1,4‐galactanase by crystallography and computational modeling
Jérôme Le Nours (2009)
Postharvest control of Aspergillus niger in mangos by means of essential oils
S. Javadpour (2018)
Etude des déterminants de la vulnérabilité à la cavitation du xylème chez les peupliers
H. Awad (2011)
Separation, Detection, and Qua.gification of Galacturonic Acid Oligomers with a Degree of Polymerization Greater than 50
R. Cameron (2005)
Isolation and molecular characterization of a novel homogalacturonan galacturonosyl- transferase gene (GbGAUT1) from Gossypium barbadense
Jina Chi (2009)See more