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Regulation Of Manganese Superoxide Dismutase In Glomerular Epithelial Cells: Mechanisms For Interleukin 1 Induction.

W. Gwinner, C. Tisher, H. Nick
Published 1995 · Biology, Medicine

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Reactive oxygen species have been implicated as mediators of tissue injury in glomerular inflammation. The expression of the antioxidant enzyme, manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), was examined in primary cultures of rat glomerular epithelial cells (GEC) in response to inflammatory mediators. The results demonstrate that GEC respond to interleukin-1 (IL-1) and bacterial lipopolysaccharride (LPS) with an increase in MnSOD steady-state mRNA levels. The IL-1 alpha-mediated induction of MnSOD mRNA levels was both time- and dose-dependent. Maximal levels approximately 40-fold above controls, were observed at 12 hours with 2 ng/ml of IL-1 alpha. MnSOD protein levels were also markedly elevated by IL-1 alpha. The induction of MnSOD mRNA by IL-1 alpha required de novo transcription as well as some degree of protein synthesis. To elucidate the potential intracellular signal that mediates IL-1 alpha-dependent MnSOD expression, three classical signaling pathways were examined. We found no evidence that MnSOD induction by IL-1 alpha is mediated by either the cyclooxygenase or lipoxygenase pathway or via activation of protein kinase C. Based on the presence of IL-1 alpha in several forms of glomerular inflammation, the observed increase in MnSOD expression by this immunoregulatory cytokine must have an important role in the antioxidant defense of glomerular epithelial cells.
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