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Endogenous Endophthalmitis: 10-year Experience At A Tertiary Referral Centre

P. Connell, E. O'Neill, D. Fabinyi, F. A. Islam, R. Buttery, M. McCombe, R. Essex, E. Roufail, B. Clark, D. Chiu, W. Campbell, P. Allen
Published 2011 · Medicine
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PurposeEndogenous endophthalmitis (EE) is a sight-threatening emergency and the aetiology is often multifactorial. Delayed diagnosis may exacerbate the poor visual prognosis. We describe the management and visual outcomes of EE presenting to a tertiary referral centre.Patients and methodsA prospective consecutive case series of 64 patients presenting with presumed EE from 1997 to 2007 to the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital were included. All data were collected in a standardized manner. Outcome measures included: visual acuity, microbial profiles, and vitrectomy rate.ResultsIn total, 64 cases of EE were identified over the study period with a mean age of 57.5 years, and 53.5% were male. Presenting acuities ranged from Snellen 6/6 to no perception of light (NPL). Identifiable risk factors were present in 78.1%, with the majority related to intravenous drug abuse. A 64.1% culture positivity rate was recorded. A vitrectomy rate of 57, 56, and 21% was recorded in documented bacterial, fungal, and no growth cases, respectively. Final Snellen acuities ranged from 6/6 to NPL. A total of 5 out of 64 eyes were enucleated, of which 3 identified Klebsiellaspecies. Better visual outcome was documented in fungal cases.ConclusionEE is a serious ocular condition and has a varied aetiology. Visual outcomes are often poor, irrespective of the method of management. Fungal aetiology often confers a better prognosis, and vitrectomy is advocated for bacterial proven cases.
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