← Back to Search
Unconventional Quantum Hall Effect And Berry’s Phase Of 2π In Bilayer Graphene
Published 2006 · Physics
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
There are two known distinct types of the integer quantum Hall effect. One is the conventional quantum Hall effect, characteristic of two-dimensional semiconductor systems1,2, and the other is its relativistic counterpart observed in graphene, where charge carriers mimic Dirac fermions characterized by Berry’s phase π, which results in shifted positions of the Hall plateaus3,4,5,6,7,8,9. Here we report a third type of the integer quantum Hall effect. Charge carriers in bilayer graphene have a parabolic energy spectrum but are chiral and show Berry’s phase 2π affecting their quantum dynamics. The Landau quantization of these fermions results in plateaus in Hall conductivity at standard integer positions, but the last (zero-level) plateau is missing. The zero-level anomaly is accompanied by metallic conductivity in the limit of low concentrations and high magnetic fields, in stark contrast to the conventional, insulating behaviour in this regime. The revealed chiral fermions have no known analogues and present an intriguing case for quantum-mechanical studies.