Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Effects Of Self-assembled Monolayer Structural Order, Surface Homogeneity And Surface Energy On Pentacene Morphology And Thin Film Transistor Device Performance.

Daniel O. Hutchins, T. Weidner, J. Baio, B. Polishak, Orb Acton, Nathan Cernetic, H. Ma, A. Jen
Published 2013 · Materials Science, Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
A systematic study of six phosphonic acid (PA) self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) with tailored molecular structures is performed to evaluate their effectiveness as dielectric modifying layers in organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) and determine the relationship between SAM structural order, surface homogeneity, and surface energy in dictating device performance. SAM structures and surface properties are examined by near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy, contact angle goniometry, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Top-contact pentacene OFET devices are fabricated on SAM modified Si with a thermally grown oxide layer as a dielectric. For less ordered methyl- and phenyl-terminated alkyl ~(CH2)12 PA SAMs of varying surface energies, pentacene OFETs show high charge carrier mobilities up to 4.1 cm2 V-1 s-1. It is hypothesized that for these SAMs, mitigation of molecular scale roughness and subsequent control of surface homogeneity allow for large pentacene grain growth leading to high performance pentacene OFET devices. PA SAMs that contain bulky terminal groups or are highly crystalline in nature do not allow for a homogenous surface at a molecular level and result in charge carrier mobilities of 1.3 cm2 V-1 s-1 or less. For all molecules used in this study, no causal relationship between SAM surface energy and charge carrier mobility in pentacene FET devices is observed.
This paper references
10.1039/B909484A
π-σ-Phosphonic acid organic monolayer–amorphous sol–gel hafnium oxide hybrid dielectric for low-voltage organic transistors on plastic
Orb Acton (2009)
10.1002/adma.201103522
Solution-processable septithiophene monolayer transistor.
Matthieu Defaux (2012)
10.1021/JP034352E
High-Performance OTFTs Using Surface-Modified Alumina Dielectrics
T. W. Kelley (2003)
10.1007/s00339-008-4992-2
Influence of self-assembled monolayer chain length on modified gate dielectric pentacene thin-film transistors
Ian G. Hill (2009)
10.1038/nmat1774
Tunable Fröhlich polarons in organic single-crystal transistors
I. Hulea (2006)
10.1021/la802944n
Study on the formation of self-assembled monolayers on sol-gel processed hafnium oxide as dielectric layers.
Guy G Ting (2009)
10.1021/ja210430b
High-mobility field-effect transistors from large-area solution-grown aligned C60 single crystals.
Hanying Li (2012)
10.1021/la00051a020
Formation and Characterization of a Highly Ordered and Well- Anchored Alkylsilane Monolayer on Mica by Self -Assembly
C. Kessel (1991)
10.1038/nature10683
Tuning charge transport in solution-sheared organic semiconductors using lattice strain
Gaurav Giri (2011)
10.1126/science.240.4848.62
Molecular-Level Control over Surface Order in Self-Assembled Monolayer Films of Thiols on Gold
C. Bain (1988)
10.1021/am9007648
Dielectric surface-controlled low-voltage organic transistors via n-alkyl phosphonic acid self-assembled monolayers on high-k metal oxide.
Orb Acton (2010)
10.1038/35087532
Growth dynamics of pentacene thin films
Frank-J. Meyer zu Heringdorf (2001)
10.1088/0953-8984/20/18/184011
Pentacene-based organic field-effect transistors
Masatoshi Kitamura (2008)
10.1016/S1369-7021(07)70019-6
Interface engineering in organic transistors
Y. Park (2007)
10.1016/J.ORGEL.2010.04.013
Organic RFID transponder chip with data rate compatible with electronic product coding
K. Myny (2010)
10.1021/JP075177V
Organophosphonate self-assembled monolayers for gate dielectric surface modification of pentacene-based organic thin-film transistors: a comparative study.
J. E. McDermott (2007)
10.1002/ADFM.200902236
Interface engineering of organic electronics
Alex K.-Y. Jen (2010)
10.1021/ja800142t
Effect of the phase states of self-assembled monolayers on pentacene growth and thin-film transistor characteristics.
H. Lee (2008)
10.1038/nature02498
The path to ubiquitous and low-cost organic electronic appliances on plastic
S. Forrest (2004)
10.1038/NMAT1699
A bright future for organic field-effect transistors
M. Muccini (2006)
10.1038/nature07320
Bottom-up organic integrated circuits
E. Smits (2008)
10.1063/1.2807916
The surface science of metal oxides
V. Henrich (1994)
10.1063/1.3061720
Introduction to solid state physics
C. Kittel (1953)
10.1063/1.2178213
All-organic active matrix flexible display
L. Zhou (2006)
10.1021/JP906367T
Tripodal Binding Units for Self-Assembled Monolayers on Gold: A Comparison of Thiol and Thioether Headgroups.
T. Weidner (2009)
10.1038/NMAT1856
Organic electronics. Low power, high impact.
D. Gundlach (2007)
10.1039/b902476j
Effect of dielectric layers on device stability of pentacene-based field-effect transistors.
Chong-An Di (2009)
10.1073/pnas.092143399
Organic semiconductors: A theoretical characterization of the basic parameters governing charge transport
J. Brédas (2002)
10.1063/1.3629994
Enhanced characteristics of pentacene field-effect transistors with graphene electrodes and substrate treatments
SangChul Lee (2011)
10.1002/ADMA.200803267
Molecular self-assembled monolayers and multilayers for organic and unconventional inorganic thin-film transistor applications
Sara A Dibenedetto (2009)
10.1016/S0167-9317(01)00667-0
Ultrathin high-K metal oxides on silicon: processing, characterization and integration issues
E. Gusev (2001)
10.1021/LA048483Y
Self-assembled silane monolayers: fabrication with nanoscale uniformity.
M. Wang (2005)
10.1038/NMAT1444
Beyond Moore's Law
T. Jackson (2005)
10.1002/adma.201004762
Spin-cast and patterned organophosphonate self-assembled monolayer dielectrics on metal-oxide-activated Si.
Orb Acton (2011)
10.1021/JA052478E
Conducting AFM and 2D GIXD studies on pentacene thin films.
Hoichang Yang (2005)
10.1021/ja9029957
Crystalline ultrasmooth self-assembled monolayers of alkylsilanes for organic field-effect transistors.
Y. Ito (2009)
10.1021/ja1097463
Surface-directed molecular assembly of pentacene on monolayer graphene for high-performance organic transistors.
W. H. Lee (2011)
10.1002/adma.201001310
Designed organophosphonate self-assembled monolayers enhance device performance of pentacene-based organic thin-film transistors.
Kung-Ching Liao (2010)
10.1016/0376-7388(94)00183-Y
Modification of ceramic membrane surfaces using phosphoric acid and alkyl phosphonic acids and its effects on ultrafiltration of BSA protein
J. Randon (1995)
10.1002/ANIE.200604045
The larger acenes: versatile organic semiconductors.
J. Anthony (2008)
10.1002/adfm.200801727
The Role of OTS Density on Pentacene and C60 Nucleation, Thin Film Growth, and Transistor Performance
Ajay Virkar (2009)
10.1021/CR040084K
Charge-transfer and energy-transfer processes in pi-conjugated oligomers and polymers: a molecular picture.
J. Brédas (2004)
10.1002/ADFM.201000960
Enhanced Performance in Polymer Solar Cells by Surface Energy Control
Xavier Bulliard (2010)
10.1002/ADMA.200501152
Device Physics of Solution‐Processed Organic Field‐Effect Transistors
H. Sirringhaus (2005)
10.1021/la900935s
Stability of phosphonic acid self-assembled monolayers on amorphous and single-crystalline aluminum oxide surfaces in aqueous solution.
P. Thissen (2010)
10.1021/la1021438
Structure and order of phosphonic acid-based self-assembled monolayers on Si(100).
M. Dubey (2010)
10.1063/1.3231445
Phosphonic acid self-assembled monolayer and amorphous hafnium oxide hybrid dielectric for high performance polymer thin film transistors on plastic substrates
Orb Acton (2009)
10.1021/CM049598Q
Gate Insulators in Organic Field-Effect Transistors
J. Veres (2004)
10.1021/JP8044077
Effect of the Bending Potential on Molecular Arrangement in Alkaneselenolate Self-Assembled Monolayers
T. Weidner (2008)
10.1002/1521-4095(20020116)14:2<99::AID-ADMA99>3.0.CO;2-9
Organic Thin Film Transistors for Large Area Electronics
C. Dimitrakopoulos (2002)
10.1016/J.ORGEL.2011.11.025
Spin Cast Self-assembled Monolayer Field Effect Transistors
Daniel O. Hutchins (2012)
10.1002/ADFM.200400486
The Effect of Gate‐Dielectric Surface Energy on Pentacene Morphology and Organic Field‐Effect Transistor Characteristics
S. Y. Yang (2005)
10.1016/0009-2614(95)01315-6
Identification of transitions into Rydberg states in the X-ray absorption spectra of condensed long-chain alkanes
P. Bagus (1996)
10.1002/adma.201004071
Flexible organic thin-film transistors with silk fibroin as the gate dielectric.
Chung-Hwa Wang (2011)
10.1021/nl103200r
Low-voltage p- and n-type organic self-assembled monolayer field effect transistors.
M. Novak (2011)
10.1038/nature02987
Low-voltage organic transistors with an amorphous molecular gate dielectric
M. Halik (2004)
10.1002/ADMA.201100337
The potential of molecular self-assembled monolayers in organic electronic devices.
M. Halik (2011)
10.1038/nature05533
Ultralow-power organic complementary circuits
H. Klauk (2007)
10.1021/la00056a003
Quantitative analysis of monolayer composition by sum-frequency vibrational spectroscopy
C. Bain (1991)
10.1021/JP801618J
Physical and Electronic Structure Effects of Embedded Dipoles in Self-Assembled Monolayers: Characterization of Mid-Chain Ester Functionalized Alkanethiols on Au{111}
Orlando M. Cabarcos (2008)
10.1002/POLC.5070340105
Calculation of interfacial tension in polymer systems
Souheng Wu (2007)
10.1063/1.2173711
Improved organic thin-film transistor performance using novel self-assembled monolayers
Matthew G. McDowell (2006)
10.1002/ADFM.201002035
Simultaneous Modification of Bottom-Contact Electrode and Dielectric Surfaces for Organic Thin-Film Transistors Through Single-Component Spin-Cast Monolayers
Orb Acton (2011)
10.1021/cr9001275
High-k organic, inorganic, and hybrid dielectrics for low-voltage organic field-effect transistors.
R. Ponce Ortiz (2010)
10.1016/0039-6028(94)90487-1
The reactivity of sulfur-containing molecules on noble metal surfaces: III. Ethanethiol on Au(110) and Ag(110)
D. M. Jaffey (1994)
10.1021/CM049391X
Introduction to Organic Thin Film Transistors and Design of n-Channel Organic Semiconductors
C. Newman (2004)
10.1038/NMAT1934
Self-healing materials with microvascular networks.
Kathleen S. Toohey (2007)
10.1002/pc.750050403
Hydrolysis and condensation of silanes in aqueous solutions
S. Savard (1984)
10.1109/TED.2003.812504
MOSFET gate leakage modeling and selection guide for alternative gate dielectrics based on leakage considerations
Yee-Chia Yeo (2003)
10.1021/ja00086a035
Reactivity of Sulfur-Containing Molecules on Noble Metal Surfaces. 4. Benzenethiol on Au(110)
D. M. Jaffey (1994)
10.1103/PhysRevB.48.2608
Carbon 1s near-edge-absorption fine structure in graphite.
Batson (1993)
10.1002/ADMA.200700101
Gate Dielectric Microstructural Control of Pentacene Film Growth Mode and Field‐Effect Transistor Performance
Choongik Kim (2007)
10.1021/ar9000873
Interface engineering: an effective approach toward high-performance organic field-effect transistors.
Chong-an Di (2009)
10.1063/1.3259816
Effects of the alkyl chain length in phosphonic acid self-assembled monolayer gate dielectrics on the performance and stability of low-voltage organic thin-film transistors
K. Fukuda (2009)



This paper is referenced by
10.1179/1432891714Z.0000000001308
Top-contact organic thin-film transistors with improved mobility and turn-on voltage
Y. H. Lu (2015)
10.1016/J.ORGEL.2013.06.005
Effect of substrate temperature on vapor-phase self-assembly of n-octylphosphonic acid monolayer for low-voltage organic thin-film transistors
Swati A. Gupta (2013)
10.1039/c3dt51193f
Phosphonate coupling molecules for the control of surface/interface properties and the synthesis of nanomaterials.
G. Guerrero (2013)
10.1002/ADFM.201502612
Water-induced scandium oxide dielectric for low-operating voltage n- and p-type metal-oxide thin-film transistors
Ao Liu (2015)
10.1002/adma.201504724
Vacuum Ultraviolet Treatment of Self-Assembled Monolayers: A Tool for Understanding Growth and Tuning Charge Transport in Organic Field-Effect Transistors.
Pollawat Prisawong (2016)
10.1039/C6RA13194H
Preparation and characterization of superhydrophobic composite coatings on a magnesium–lithium alloy
Z. Li (2016)
10.1109/TED.2019.2935615
Water-Derived All-Oxide Thin-Film Transistors With ZrAlOx Gate Dielectrics and Exploration in Digital Circuits
Li Zhu (2019)
Thin-film transistor electrical performance of hybrid MoS 2 -P3HT semiconductor layers
Hyunwoo Choi (2020)
10.1039/C6TC03432B
A simulation-assisted solution-processing method for a large-area, high-performance C10-DNTT organic semiconductor crystal
B. Peng (2016)
10.1016/J.COCHE.2015.03.002
Heterogeneous nucleants for crystallogenesis and bioseparation
U. Shah (2015)
10.1063/1.4905595
Influence of self-assembled monolayer binding group on graphene transistors
Nathan Cernetic (2015)
10.1021/ACS.JPCC.5B05533
Impact of Energetically Engineered Dielectrics on Charge Transport in Vacuum-Deposited Bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)pentacene
Se Hyun Kim (2015)
10.1039/C5TC04392A
The synthesis of anthradithiophene-based liquid crystals and their applications in organic thin film transistors
Wei-Lung Liau (2016)
10.1016/J.APSUSC.2016.06.183
Effect of Time and Deposition Method on Quality of Phosphonic Acid Modifier Self-Assembled Monolayers on Indium Zinc Oxide
Lingzi Sang (2016)
Multifunctional Self-Assembled Monolayers for Organic Field-Effect Transistors
Nathan Cernetic (2016)
10.1016/J.CERAMINT.2018.03.108
Effects of Coffee Ring via Inkjet Printing Seed Layers on Field Emission Properties of Patterned ZnO Nanorods
Lei Sun (2018)
10.1021/co5001162
High-throughput analysis of molecular orientation on surfaces by NEXAFS imaging of curved sample arrays.
J. Baio (2014)
10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b01603
Quasi-Phase Diagrams at Air/Oil Interfaces and Bulk Oil Phases for Crystallization of Small-Molecular Semiconductors by Adjusting Gibbs Adsorption.
S. Watanabe (2017)
10.1002/AJOC.201800369
Solution‐Processable, Transparent Polyimide for High‐Performance High‐k Nanocomposite: Synthesis, Characterization, and Dielectric Applications in Transistors
Yang-Yen Yu (2018)
10.1186/s40580-018-0152-3
Hybrid dielectrics composed of Al2O3 and phosphonic acid self-assembled monolayers for performance improvement in low voltage organic field effect transistors
Sukjae Jang (2018)
10.1021/ACS.JPCC.7B03957
Lattice-Directed Construction of Metal–Organic Molecular Wires of Pentacene on the Au(110) Surface
Junhai Ren (2017)
10.1039/C3TC31162G
Growth of rylene diimide crystalline layers on aminoalkyl triethoxysilane-monolayers for organic field effect transistor applications
Florian L. Geyer (2013)
10.1002/AELM.201800100
Nontoxic, Eco‐friendly Fully Water‐Induced Ternary Zr–Gd–O Dielectric for High‐Performance Transistors and Unipolar Inverters
L. Zhu (2018)
10.1039/c8nr07657j
Bimodal atomic force microscopy for the characterization of thiolated self-assembled monolayers.
Evangelia-Nefeli C. Athanasopoulou (2018)
10.1002/adma.201402822
Self-assembled monolayers of cyclohexyl-terminated phosphonic acids as a general dielectric surface for high-performance organic thin-film transistors.
Danqing Liu (2014)
10.1021/am405671b
Using a single electrospun polymer nanofiber to enhance carrier mobility in organic field-effect transistors toward nonvolatile memory.
Pei-Zhen Jian (2014)
Molybdenum Disulphide (MoS2)-Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) Hybrid Ink for Printed Thin-Film Transistor Applications
Naeun Kim (2020)
10.1002/ADFM.201501263
Enhanced Performance of Self-Assembled Monolayer Field-Effect Transistors with Top-Contact Geometry through Molecular Tailoring, Heated Assembly, and Thermal Annealing
Nathan Cernetic (2015)
10.1021/ACS.JPCC.6B03638
Surface Modification on Solution Processable ZrO2 High-k Dielectrics for Low Voltage Operations of Organic Thin Film Transistors
Wenqiang He (2016)
10.1088/1742-6596/924/1/012002
Quantitative evaluation of spatial scale of carrier trapping at grain boundary by GHz-microwave dielectric loss spectroscopy
W. Choi (2017)
10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.146364
Molecular arrangement mechanisms within phosphate films on Ti6Al4V regulated by intermolecular forces based on sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy
Z. Liu (2020)
10.1039/C6RA17255E
Phosphonic acid self-assembled monolayer improved the properties of n-type organic field-effect transistors in air ambient
Li li Cao (2016)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar