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The Properties Of Hydrogen Peroxide Production Under Hyperoxic And Hypoxic Conditions Of Perfused Rat Liver

N Oshino, D Jamieson, B Chance

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The properties of H2O2 production in the “haemoglobin-free”, “non-circulatory” perfused liver of rats were examined. The H2O2 production with 1 mM-lactate and 0.15 mM-pyruvate was 82nmol/min per g of liver or 333nmol/min per 100g body wt. in the liver of fed rats at 30 degrees C. This rate decreased to almost half in the livers of starved and phenobarbital-pretreated rats. When H2O2 production was stimulated by urate infusion, almost all of the H2O2 produced by the uricase reaction was decomposed by the catalase reaction. During the demethylation reaction of aminopyrine, no change in H2O2 production was detected by the present method; thus microsomal H2O2 production observed in isolated subcellular fractions appeared not to contribute significantly to the H2O2 production in the whole organ. Whereas the rate of the glycolate-dependent H2O2 production was halved at an intracellular O2 concentration that caused a 10 percent increase in the reduction state of cytochrome c, the half-maximal rate of H2O2 production with lactate and pyruvate was observed at an O2 concentration that caused a 40 percent increase in the reduction state of cytochrome c in the liver. No further increase in the rates of H2O2 production was obtained by increasing O2 pressure up to 5 times 10(5) Pa. The rate of ethanol oxidation through the catalase “peroxidatic” reaction varied, depending on the substrate availability. The maximal capability of this pathway in ethanol oxidation reached approx. 1.5 μmol/min per g of liver, when a mixture of urate, glycollate and octanoate was infused to enhance H2O2 production.