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The Neural Control Of Oropharyngeal Somatosensation And Taste: A Review For Clinicians

Akila Rajappa, Georgia A. Malandraki

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Sensory input mechanisms are important in facilitating and modulating swallowing responses through a complex neural network including both peripheral and central pathways. Adequate knowledge of this network is essential for clinicians assessing and treating sensory impairments in adult and pediatric patients with swallowing disorders. This article provides a brief but comprehensive overview on oropharyngeal somatosensation and taste, and their neural underpinnings, in order to increase clinicians' understanding of this control and how it can be therapeutically modulated.