← Back to Search
Heat Stress During Grain Filling In Maize: Effects On Carbohydrate Storage And Metabolism
G. W. Singletary, R. Banisadr, P. Keeling
Published 1994 · Biology
Download PDFAnalyze on Scholarcy
Heat stress during maize seed development can interfere with endosperm starch biosynthesis and reduce seed size, an important component of yield. Our objectives were to evaluate the direct influence of temperature during grain filling on kernel growth, carbohydrate accumulation, and corresponding endosperm metabolism. Kernels of maize were grown in vitro at 25oC until 15 or 16 days after pollination and then subjected to various temperatures for the remainder of their development. Mature kernel dry weight declined 45% in a linear fashion between 22 and 36oC. The rate of starch accumulation reached a maximum at approximately 32oC, and when measured at frequent intervals, declined only slightly with further temperature increase to 35oC. Reduced seed size resulted from an abbreviated duration of starch-related metabolism, which did not appear to be limited by endogenous sugars. Instead, a survey of 12 enzymes of sugar and starch metabolism indicated that ADP glucose pyrophosphorylase and soluble starch synthase were unique in displaying developmental peaks of activity which were compressed both in amount and time, similar to the effect of temperature on starch accumulation. We conclude that decreased starch synthesis in heat-stressed maize kernels results from a premature decline in the activity of these enzymes.
This paper references
Direct microdetermination of sucrose
E. V. Handel (1968)
The Black Layer and Grain Maturity in Corn 1
T. B. Daynard (1969)
The effect of temperature on kernel development in cereals
S. Chowdhury (1978)
Caution on the Use of the Generally Accepted Methanol Precipitation Technique for the Assay of Soluble Starch Synthase in Crude Extracts of Plant Tissues
C. Jenner (1994)
Net Photosynthetic Rates, Relative Leaf Growth Rates, and Leaf Numbers of 22 Races of Maize Grown at Eight Temperatures 1
W. G. Duncan (1968)
A PHOTOMETRIC ADAPTATION OF THE SOMOGYI METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF GLUCOSE
N. Nelson (1944)
Effect of high temperature on grain-growth in field-grown maize.
R. C. Muchow (1990)
Growth Analysis Based on Degree Days
M. P. Russelle (1984)
Thermal Environment During Endosperm Cell Division and Grain Filling in Maize: Effects on Kernel Growth and Development in Vitro 1
R. Jones (1984)
The Effect of High Temperature on the Accumulation of Dry Matter, Carbon and Nitrogen in the Kernel of Rice
T. Tashiro (1991)
Crop‐Specific Thermal Kinetic Windows in Relation to Wheat and Cotton Biomass Production
J. Burke (1988)
Influence of Temperature Stress on in Vitro Fertilization and Heat Shock Protein Synthesis in Maize (Zea mays L.) Reproductive Tissues.
I. Dupuis (1990)
Nitrogen-induced changes in the growth and metabolism of developing maize kernels grown in vitro.
G. W. Singletary (1990)
Heat inactivation of starch synthase in wheat endosperm tissue.
A. Rijven (1986)
Growth and composition of maize kernels cultured in vitro with varying supplies of carbon and nitrogen.
G. W. Singletary (1989)
The Synthesis of [14C]Starch From [14C]Sucrose in Isolated Wheat Grains Is Dependent Upon the Activity of Soluble Starch Synthase
C. Jenner (1993)
Weather and technology in the production of corn and soybeans
L. M. Thompson (1963)
Soluble adenosine diphosphate glucose- -1,4-glucan -4-glucosyltransferases from spinach leaves.
J. Ozbun (1972)
Enzymes of sucrose and hexose metabolism in developing kernels of two inbreds of maize.
D. C. Doehlert (1988)
A Comparison of the Effect of High Temperature on Grain Development in Wheat and Rice
T. Tashiro (1989)
Plant factors controlling seed set in maize : the influence of silk, pollen, and ear-leaf water status and tassel heat treatment at pollination.
J. B. Schoper (1987)
Thermal Environment During Endosperm Cell Division in Maize: Effects on Number of Endosperm Cells and Starch Granules 1
R. Jones (1985)
Effect of Temperature on In Vitro Kernel Growth of Flint and Dent Maize Hybrids 1
D. Major (1985)
EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE ON RATE AND DURATION OF KERNEL DRY MATTER ACCUMULATION OF MAIZE
M. Tollenaar (1988)
Climatic Change, Weather Variability, and Corn Production1
L. M. Thompson (1986)
Responses to Brief Periods of Elevated Temperature in Ears and Grains of Wheat
Ss Bhullar (1983)
Duration of Grain Filling and Kernel Weight of Wheat as Affected by Temparature1
C. L. Wiegand (1980)
Adenosine diphosphoglucose-starch glucosyltransferases from developing kernels of waxy maize.
J. Ozbun (1971)
Effect of increased temperature in apical regions of maize ears on starch-synthesis enzymes and accumulation of sugars and starch.
T. M. Ou-Lee (1985)
This paper is referenced by
PHYSIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR CONSTRAINTS LIMITING GRAIN GROWTH UNDER WATER STRESS IN WHEAT GENOTYPES
A. Kumari (2012)
Assessing the information in crop model and meteorological indicators to forecast crop yield over Europe
R. Lecerf (2019)
Biochemistry, molecular biology and regulation of starch synthesis.
J. Preiss (1998)
Binding of 3-phosphoglycerate leads to both activation and stabilisation of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase from apple leaves.
R. Zhou (2005)
Effect of high temperature on grain filling period, yield, amylose content and activity of starch biosynthesis enzymes in endosperm of basmati rice.
N. Ahmed (2015)
Starch synthesis in cereal grains
K. Tomlinson (2003)
Purification and characterization of soluble starch synthases from maize endosperm.
H. Cao (2000)
Functions of maize genes encoding pyruvate orthophosphate dikinase in developing maize endosperm and their enzymatic properties
Ryan R. Lappe (2017)
Effect of different sowing time on starch metabolizing enzymes in chalky and translucent rice grains
K. Sharma (2016)
Comprehensive Expression Profiling of Rice Grain Filling-Related Genes under High Temperature Using DNA Microarray[OA]
Hiromoto Yamakawa (2007)
High nighttime temperatures affect rice productivity through altered pollen germination and spikelet fertility
A. Mohammed (2009)
Heat stress in temperate and tropical maize hybrids: Kernel growth, water relations and assimilate availability for grain filling
J. I. R. Edreira (2014)
The effect of sowing season on seeds germination characteristics of 12 cultivars of spring rapeseed
Lotfifar Omid (2009)
Heat Stability and Allosteric Properties of the Maize Endosperm ADP-Glucose Pyrophosphorylase Are Intimately Intertwined1[OA]
S. Boehlein (2007)
Spike temperature depression of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at anthesis
F. Steinmeyer (2016)
ADPglucose pyrophosphorylase: basic science and applications in biotechnology.
J. Preiss (1996)
Enhanced ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase activity in wheat endosperm increases seed yield
E. Smidansky (2002)
Metabolic Regulation in Developing Barley Seeds - Novel Insights from Transcriptome Analyses
Elke Mangelsen (2010)
Combining ability, heterosis and genotype x environment interaction in tropical maize (Zea mays L.) under heat stress and optimal environments
P. Devi (2012)
Molecular aspects of sucrose transport and its metabolism to starch during seed development in wheat: A comprehensive review.
R. Kumar (2018)
The potato tuber, maize endosperm and a chimeric maize-potato ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase exhibit fundamental differences in Pi inhibition.
S. Boehlein (2013)
Maize production in a changing climate: Impacts, adaptation, and mitigation strategies
J. Cairns (2012)
In planta novel starch synthesis
R. Chibbar (2007)
Heat-responsive microRNAs regulate the transcription factors and heat shock proteins in modulating thermo-stability of starch biosynthesis enzymes in wheat ('Triticum aestivum' L.) under the heat stress
S. Goswami (2014)
A brittle‐2 transgene increases maize yield by acting in maternal tissues to increase seed number
L. C. Hannah (2017)
Assessing the Effectiveness of Supplementary Irrigation and Soil Conservation Techniques on Maize in Cyili Sub-catchment, Rwanda
Dieudonne Uwizeyimana (2018)
Heat stress in cereals: Mechanisms and modelling
E. E. Rezaei (2015)
High Temperature during Grain Filling Impacts on Leaf Senescence in Waxy Maize
H. Yang (2017)
Heat stability of the potato tuber ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase: role of Cys residue 12 in the small subunit.
M. A. Ballicora (1999)
Enhanced stability of maize endosperm ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase is gained through mutants that alter subunit interactions.
T. W. Greene (1998)
Effect of High Temperature at Ripening Stage on the Reserve Accumulation in Seed in Some Rice Cultivars
Sabaruddin Zakaria (2002)
Modelled impacts of extreme heat and drought on maize yield in South Africa
Robert Mangani (2018)See more