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Estrogen Suppresses Transcription Of Lipoprotein Lipase Gene
Hideaki Homma, H. Kurachi, Y. Nishio, T. Takeda, T. Yamamoto, Kazushige Adachi, K. Morishige, M. Ohmichi, Y. Matsuzawa, Y. Murata
Published 2000 · Biology, Medicine
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Estrogen exerts a variety of effects not only on female reproductive organs but also on nonreproductive organs, including adipose tissue. Estrogen inhibits obesity triggered by ovariectomy in rodents. We studied the mechanism underlying this estrogen-dependent inhibition of obesity. Estrogen markedly decreased the amounts of fat accumulation and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) mRNA as well as triglyceride accumulation in genetically manipulated 3T3-L1 adipocytes stably expressing the estrogen receptor (ER). A pLPL(1980)-CAT construct, along with an ER expression vector, was introduced into differentiated 3T3-L1 cells, and CAT activities were determined. ER, mostly ligand-dependently, inhibited the basal LPL promoter activity by 7-fold. We searched the LPL promoter for an estrogen-responsive suppressive element by employing a set of 5′-deletion mutants of the pLPL-CAT reporter. Although there was no classical estrogen response element, it was demonstrated that an AP-1-like TGAATTC sequence located at (−1856/−1850) was responsible for the suppression of the LPL gene transcription by estrogen. An electrophoretic mobility shift assay probed with the TGAATTC sequence demonstrated formation of a specific DNA-nuclear protein complex. Interestingly, this complex was not affected by the addition of any antibodies against ER, c-Jun, c-Fos, JunB, or JunD. Because this TGAATTC element responded to phorbol ester and overexpression of CREB-binding protein abrogated the suppressive effect of estrogen on the LPL promoter, we conclude that a unique protein that is related to the AP-1 transcription factor families may be involved in the complex that binds to the TGAATTC element.
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