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Overweight, Obesity And Fat Distribution In 50- To 64-year-old Participants In The European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer And Nutrition (EPIC)

M Haftenberger, PH Lahmann, S Panico, CA Gonzalez, JC Seidell, H Boeing, MC Giurdanella, V Krogh, HB Bueno-de-Mesquita, PHM Peeters, G Skeie, A Hjartåker, M Rodriguez, JR Quirós, G Berglund, U Janlert, KT Khaw, EA Spencer, K Overvad, A Tjønneland, F Clavel-Chapelon, B Tehard, AB Miller, K Klipstein-Grobusch, V Benetou, G Kiriazi, E Riboli, N Slimani

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AbstractObjective:To describe anthropometric characteristics of participants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC).Design:A cross-sectional analysis of baseline data of a European prospective cohort study.Subjects:This analysis includes study populations from 25 centres in nine European countries. The British populations comprised both a population-based and a ‘health-conscious’ group. The analysis was restricted to 83 178 men and 163 851 women aged 50–64 years, this group being represented in all centres.Methods:Anthropometric examinations were undertaken by trained observers using standardised methods and included measurements of weight, height, and waist and hip circumferences. In the ‘health-conscious’ group (UK), anthropometric measures were predicted from self-reports.Results:Except in the ‘health-conscious’ group (UK) and in the French centres, mean body mass index (BMI) exceeded 25.0 kg m-2. The prevalence of obesity (BMI≥30 kg m-2) varied from 8% to 40% in men, and from 5% to 53% in women, with high prevalences (>25%) in the centres from Spain, Greece, Ragusa and Naples (Italy) and the lowest prevalences (<10%) in the French centres and the ‘health-conscious’ group (UK). The prevalence of a large waist circumference or a high waist-to-hip ratio was high in centres from Spain, Greece, Ragusa and Naples (Italy) and among women from centres in Germany and Bilthoven (The Netherlands).Conclusions:Anthropometric measures varied considerably within the EPIC population. These data provide a strong base for further investigation of anthropometric measures in relation to the risk of chronic diseases, especially cancer.