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Tamanu Oil Potentiated Novel Sericin Emulgel Of Levocetirizine: Repurposing For Topical Delivery Against DNCB-induced Atopic Dermatitis, QbD Based Development And In Vivo Evaluation

Ravi Raj Pal, Poonam Parashar, I. Singh, S. Saraf
Published 2019 · Medicine

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Abstract The present study was aimed at preparing and evaluating levocetirizine (LCZD) loaded emulgel containing tamanu oil and sericin for atopic dermatitis (AD) therapy. The emulgel envisaged topical delivery of LCZD utilising natural antioxidants for superior therapeutic outcomes when compared with other conventional therapy. Tamanu oil based microemulsion (ME) was optimised utilising Box-Behnken design (BBD). The OPT-ME displayed globule size 379.5 ± 2.33 nm, polydispersity index 0.284, drug loading 0.41 ± 0.01% w/w, entrapment efficiency 94.34 ± 2.11% w/w and drug release 86.24 ± 4.90% respectively over a period of 24 h. The optimised formulation (OPT-ME) was further incorporated into sericin gel to form emulgel (LSE). In vivo pharmacodynamic studies revealed enhanced therapeutic potential of emulgel in terms of reduced scratching frequency and erythema score when compared with conventional gel. The superior therapeutic potential was further witnessed through histopathological and biochemical studies. The emulgel can be an alternative appropriate dosage form for the treatment of AD.
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