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Seven-days-ahead Forecasting Of Childhood Asthma Admissions Using Artificial Neural Networks In Athens, Greece

K. Moustris, K. Douros, P. Nastos, I. K. Larissi, M. Anthracopoulos, A. Paliatsos, K. Priftis
Published 2012 · Medicine
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Artificial Neural Network (ANN) models were developed and applied in order to predict the total weekly number of Childhood Asthma Admission (CAA) at the greater Athens area (GAA) in Greece. Hourly meteorological data from the National Observatory of Athens and ambient air pollution data from seven different areas within the GAA for the period 2001–2004 were used. Asthma admissions for the same period were obtained from hospital registries of the three main Children's Hospitals of Athens. Three different ANN models were developed and trained in order to forecast the CAA for the subgroups of 0–4, 5–14-year olds, and for the whole study population. The results of this work have shown that ANNs could give an adequate forecast of the total weekly number of CAA in relation to the bioclimatic and air pollution conditions. The forecasted numbers are in very good agreement with the observed real total weekly numbers of CAA.
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