Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Strengthening Agricultural Education And Training In Sub-Saharan Africa From An Innovation Systems Perspective: A Case Study Of Mozambique

K. Davis, J. Ekboir, D. Spielman
Published 2007 · Economics, Political Science

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Abstract This paper examines how post-secondary agricultural education and training (AET) in sub-Saharan Africa can contribute to agricultural development by strengthening the capacity to innovate—to introduce new products and processes that are socially or economically relevant to smallholder farmers and other agents. Using the AET system in Mozambique as a case study, this paper examines the role of AET within the context of an agricultural innovation system. This innovation systems perspective offers an analytical framework to examine technological change in agriculture as a complex process of interactions among diverse actors who generate, exchange, and use knowledge, conditioned by complex social and economic institutions. The paper argues that while AET is conventionally viewed as key to the development of human capital, it also has a vital role to play in building the capacity of organizations and individuals to transmit and adapt information, products and processes, and new organizational cultures and behaviors. The paper emphasizes the importance of improving AET systems by strengthening the capabilities of organizations and professionals; changing organizational cultures, behaviors, and incentives; and building innovation networks and linkages. The paper offers several recommendations to enhance the effectiveness of AET for agricultural innovation and development. Key reforms include aligning the mandates of AET organizations with national development aspirations; inducing change in the cultures of AET organizations through the introduction of educational programs and linkages beyond the AET system; and enhancing innovative individual and organizational capacity by improving incentives to forge stronger links between AET and other stakeholders.
This paper references
The U. S. National Innovation System
D. Mowery (1993)
Risk aversion in low-income countries: Experimental evidence from Ethiopia
Mahmud Yesuf (2007)
Gender, agricultural development and food security in Amhara, Ethiopia: The contested identity of women farmers in Ethiopia
E. Frank (1999)
On the Nature of Individual Innovation
Larisa V. Shavinina (2003)
Coming to a new awareness of organizational culture
E. Schein (1984)
The French national system of innovation
F. Chesnais (1993)
Systems of innovation: Models, methods, and future directions
Higher education in Ethiopia: the vision and its challenges
W. Saint (2004)
Realizing the Promise and Potential of African Agriculture: Science and Technology Strategies for Improving Agricultural Productivity and Food Security in Africa
Interacademy Council (2004)
Universities and agricultural development in Kenya: An agenda for renewal
R. Oniangio (1998)
Understanding policy volatility in Sudan
K. E. Harizi (2007)
Addis Ababa Declaration on Science, Technology and Scientific Research for Development
African Union. (2007)
Innovation and Evolution: Managing Tensions Within and Between the Domains of Theory and Practice
J. Bailey (2003)
From Best Practice to Best Fit: A Framework for Designing and Analyzing Agricultural Advisory Services. : International Service for National Agricultural Research Discussion Paper No
R Birner (2006)
Understanding Policy Volatility in
National Innovation Systems: A Comparative Analysis
R. Nelson (1993)
Innovation Processes
I. Rozanov (1977)
University-based agricultural research : a comparative study in Sub-Saharan Africa
H. Michelsen (2004)
The smallholder farmer in a changing world: The role of research, extension and education in Ethiopian agriculture
D J Spielman (2006)
Historical Development and Current Challenges of Agricultural Extension with Particular Emphasis on Ethiopia
H Kassa (2005)
From measuring impact to learning institutional lessons: an innovation systems perspective on improving the management of international agricultural research
A. Hall (2003)
The Complexity Challenge: Technological Innovation for the 21st Century
Robert W. Rycroft (1999)
Wspólna Polityka Rolna (2000)
Application of the innovation systems perspective in the African higher education sector: Experiences and challenges
N. Clark (2006)
Stimulating community participation in primary schools: Perspectives on the BESO II Project in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Y. Beyene (2005)
Mozambique: Human Capacity Building Assessment, Agriculture Sector
A. Skelton (2003)
Going for growth : science, technology and innovation in Africa
C. Juma (2005)
Sources and Patterns of Innovation in a Consumer Products Field: Innovations in Sporting Equipment
Sonali K. Shah (2000)
Postgraduate Training in Agricultural Sciences in Ethiopia: Achievements and Challenges
K. Belay (2004)
The Role of the Interaction between the User and the Manufacturer in Medical Equipment Innovation
Brian Shaw (1985)
The Food Retail Revolution in Poor Countries: Is It Coming or Is It Over?
B. Minten (2008)
W. Cohen (1990)
Innovation processes The Oxford Handbook of Innovation
K Pavitt (2005)
Stimulating community participation in primary schools: Perspectives on the BESO II Project in Bahir Dar
Y Beyene (2005)
Japan: A new national system of innovation
Quality control in nonstaple food markets: evidence from India
M. Fafchamps (2008)
From Best Practice to Best Fit: A Framework for Designing and Analyzing Agricultural Advisory Services
R. Birner (2006)
Hard choices in Africa’s bid for scientific excellence
D. Dickson (2006)
D. Teece (1997)
Creating new market space.
W. Kim (1999)
Innovation processes
J. van Schuppen (1979)
The International Handbook on Innovation On the nature of individual innovation The International Handbook on Innovation Oxford
L V Shavinina (2003)
The neurophysiological basis of innovation The International Handbook on Innovation
L R Vandervert (2003)
Micro-level analysis of farmers' adaptation to climate change in Southern Africa
C. Nhemachena (2007)
Economics of Industrial Innovation
C. Freeman (1975)
The Evolution of Agricultural Education and Training: Global Insights of Relevance for Africa
Carl K. Eicher (2006)
Japan: A new national system of innovation
B A.———.1988. (1988)
Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy
A. B. Wolfe (1942)
Innovation: A Guide to the Literature
J. Fagerberg (2003)
Managing the Development and Transfer of Process Technologies in the Semiconductor Manufacturing Industry
Melissa M. Appleyard (1996)
Organizational Capabilities in Complex Worlds
D. Levinthal (2001)
Creating a new African agricultural university
F. S. Idabacha (2003)
Business Cycles: A Theoretical, Historical, and Statistical Analysis of the Capitalist Process
H. Rosenberg (1940)
Mozambique: Agricultural Development Strategy: Stimulating Smallholder Agricultural Growth
The Nature and Dynamics of Discontinuous and Disruptive Innovations from a Learning and Knowledge Management Perspective
E. Carayannis (2003)
Agricultural and Science and Technology Indicators: Ethiopia. Agricultural Science and Technology Indicator Country Brief 9. The Hague: International Service for National Agricultural Research
N M Beintema (2003)
Investment, subsidies, and pro‐poor growth in rural India
S. Fan (2008)
Business Cycles: A Theoretical, Historical, and Statistical Analysis of the Capitalist Process.
Oskar Morgenstern (1940)
Measuring and accounting for community capabilities in Kordofan, Sudan
K. E. Harizi (2007)
Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy
M. Lessnoff (1979)
Addis Ababa Declaration on Science, Technology and Scientific Research for Development
African Union. (2007)
Transforming post-secondary agricultural education and training by design: Solutions for Sub-Saharan Africa
W. Rivera (2006)
The Neurophysiological Basis of Innovation
L. Vandervert (2003)
Assessing the Impact of the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) in the Uganda Rural Livelihoods
S. Benin (2007)
Gender, agricultural development and food security in Amhara, Ethiopia: The contested identity of women farmers in Ethiopia. Unpublished document
E Frank (1999)
Rural Investments to Accelerate Growth and Poverty Reduction in
世界経済・社会統計 = World development indicators
鳥居 泰彦 (1998)
The Theory of Economic Development: An Inquiry into Profits, Capital, Credit, Interest, and the Business Cycle
J. Schumpeter (1934)
Universities in National Innovation Systems
D. Mowery (2006)
Household Decisions, Gender and Development: A Synthesis of Recent Research
S. Chant (2005)
Networks of innovators The Oxford Handbook of Innovation
W W Powell (2005)
Ministry of Finance and Economic Development), Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Mofed (2002)
Enhancing agricultural innovation : how to go beyond the strengthening of research systems
A. Hall (2006)
Innovation Policy in a Global Economy
D. Archibugi (1999)
Impact of soil conservation on crop production in the Northern Ethiopian Highlands
M. Kassie (2007)
Integrating Universities into National Agricultural Research and Extension Systems
G Alex (1999)
Statistical Data of Teachers and Students of Agricultural, Technical, Vocational Education and Training Colleges for the Year 1998 E.C. Addis Ababa: MoARD
Innovation Policy in a Global Economy: Technology policy in the learning economy
Bengt-åke Lundvall (1999)
How to Make Agricultural Extension Demand-Driven?: The Case of India’s Agricultural Extension Policy
R. Birner (2007)
Science, technology and innovation policy in developing economies
S. J. Metcalfe (2000)
Nigeria initiates Africa’s institute of science
M. Malakata (2007)
The nature and dynamics of organizational capabilities
G. Dosi (2001)
Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization
W. Diebold (1990)
Reshaping Extension Education Curricula for 21 st Century Agricultural Development in sub-Saharan Africa
M. Kroma (2003)
Product Innovation and User-Producer Interaction
Bengt-åke Lundvall (1985)
Higher Education in Mozambique: A Case Study
M. Mario (2003)
Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization
A. Amsden (1991)
Review of Education Sector Analysis in Mozambique
M Mário (2002)
Agribusiness Education in Mozambique
S Wingert (2002)
Some leading issues in agricultural extension: A literature review
R Haug (1999)
The Three-Ring Conception of Giftedness: Its Implications for Understanding the Nature of Innovation
Joseph S. Renzulli (2003)
Revitalising African agriculture through innovative business models and organisational arrangements : promising developments in the traditional crops sector.
Cosmas Milton Obote Ochieng (2007)
Systems of innovation perspectives and challenges
C. Edquist (2004)
African Union Addis Ababa Declaration on Science, Technology and Scientific Research for Development Assembly of the African Union Eighth Ordinary Session
Linkages of higher education with agricultural research, extension and development. Unpublished manuscript
A typology for vulnerability and agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa:
X. Zhang (2007)
Gobernabilidad de los Sistemas de Innovación en Bolivia: Lecciones para las Políticas de Innovación Agrícola
F. Hartwich (2007)
Urbanization, educational expansion, and expenditure inequality in Indonesia in 1996, 1999, and 2002
Takahiro Akita (2008)
The Innovator's Solution: Creating and Sustaining Successful Growth
Clayton M. Christensen (2003)
Knowledge and the Speed of the Transfer and Imitation of Organizational Capabilities: An Empirical Test
U. Zander (1995)
Systems of Innovation Approaches: Technologies, Institutions and Organizations
C Edquist (1997)
Mozambique. Development Policy Review
H Falck (2003)
Food and Agriculture Organization [FAO] Statistical Database). 2006. Agriculture, Fishery, Forestry and Nutrition
Global Research on the Environmental and Agricultural Nexus for the 21st Century: A Proposal for Collaborative Research among U
U Lele (1995)
Technical Change and Economic Theory
G. Dosi (1989)
Participation of Female Agricultural Scientists in Developing Countries
N. Beintema (2006)
Developing High Potentials for Innovation in Young People Through the Schoolwide Enrichment Model
S. Reis (2003)
Gender and growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Issues and evidence
M. Blackden (2006)
Introduction: The Nature and Dynamics of Organizational Capabilities
G. Dosi (2001)
Andrea E. Ostheimer (2001)
For earlier discussion papers, please go to All discussion papers can be downloaded for free
Recent Ifpri
Universities and agricultural development in Kenya: An agenda for renewal. Paper presented at the conference Transforming the Agricultural Research System in Kenya: Lessons for Africa
R Oniangio (1998)
Embedding agricultural research in a system of innovation
A. Hall (2006)
Agribusiness Education in Mozambique, 2004–2010: Concept Paper
S. Wingert (2002)
Commercialization of Ethiopian agriculture: Extension service from input supplier to knowledge broker and facilitator
B. Gebremedhin (2006)
Seeing What's Next: Using the Theories of Innovation to Predict Industry Change
Clayton M. Christensen (2005)
Fax: 91 11 2584-8008 / 2584-6572 Email: ifpri-newdelhi@cgiar
Nigeria initiates Africa's institute of science. SciDev.Net, February 21.
M Malakata (2007)
Ethiopian Horticulture Producers and Exporters Association). 2006. Data extracted from official records
CD Rom.
G. Micieli (1996)
Farmer preferences for milpa diversity and genetically modified maize in Mexico: a latent class approach
E. Birol (2007)
Accessibility of women's groups to agricultural extension services in Kenya : an exploratory and descriptive study of factors, needs, and problems /
A. S. Alawy (1998)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). 1999. Managing National Innovation Systems
Application of the innovation systems perspective in the African higher education sector: Experiences and challenges. Paper presented at the Innovation Africa Symposium
N Clark (2006)
Resource Abundance and Regional Development in China
X. Zhang (2007)
The Economic Impact and the Distribution of Benefits and Risk from the Adoption of Insect Resistant (Bt) Cotton in West Africa
J. Falck-Zepeda (2007)
Technology policy and economic performance : lessons from Japan
C. Freeman (1987)
The Human Right to Food as a U.S. Nutrition Concern, 1976-2006
E. Messer (2007)
The World Bank Knowledge for Development ( K 4 D ) website : Knowledge Assessment Methodology , B
M. Kroma (2006)
Understanding Policy Volatility
Sudan. Khalid El Harizi (2007)
Repositories of Knowledge in Franchise Organizations: Individual, Structural, and Technological
L. Argote (2001)
Improving agricultural research at universities in Sub-Saharan Africa : a study guide
H. Michelsen (2003)
Recent trends in the research on national innovation systems
M. Balzat (2004)
Participation of Female Agricultural Scientists in Developing Countries. Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators brief
N Beintema (2006)
Science, technology and innovation policy in developing economies. Paper prepared for the Enterprise Competitiveness and Public Policies workshop, Barbados
S J Metcalfe (1999)
The Impact of the Central America Free Trade Agreement on the Central American Textile Maquila Industry
H. Jansen (2007)
Innovation systems governance in Bolivia: Lessons for agricultural innovation policies
F. Hartwich (2007)
World development indicators 2007
E. Swanson (2006)
The international handbook on innovation
Larisa V. Shavinina (2003)
National systems of innovation: Institutions supporting technical change in the United States
R R Nelson (1988)
Republic of Mozambique: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper— Economic and Social Plan for 2005
The World Bank Knowledge for Development (K4D) website: Knowledge Assessment Methodology
Household Decisions, Gender, and Development: A Synthesis of Recent Research
Miriam S. Chaiken (2007)
Diversification in Indian agriculture towards high-value crops: The role of smallholders
P. S. Birthal (2007)
Smallholders' commercialization through cooperatives: A diagnostic for Ethiopia
T. Bernard (2007)
The Political Economy Of Industrial Policy
H. Chang (1993)
Rural investment to accelerate growth and poverty reduction in Kenya
J. Thurlow (2007)
Technical innovation and national systems
R. Nelson (1993)
Networks of Innovators
W. Powell (2006)
Ethiopia: Building on Progress: A Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty. Addis Ababa: MoFED
The history, present challenges and future approaches to agricultural technology transfer in Ethiopia
E Zerfu (2001)
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPER PROGRESS REPORT FOR THE YEAR 2003-04 September 2004 PRSP Secretariat-Finance Division Government of Pakistan
Universities in National Innovations Systems
D. C. Research. Mowery (2005)
Policy analysis and strategic planning in the higher education sector
B. Fonteyne (2005)
National Innovation System
B. Godin (2009)
The Role of Flexibility in Innovation
A. Georgsdottir (2003)
T. Vandenbosch (2006)
Endogenous development: Networking, innovation, institutions, and cities
A. Barquero (2002)
Funding higher education: options, trade-offs and dilemmas
Benjamin W.A. Jongbloed (2004)
The Innovator's Dilemma : the revolutionary national bestseller that changed the way we do business
Clayton M. Christensen (2000)
The ‘Abominable Ohno Production System’. Competences, Monitoring, and Routines in Japanese Production Systems *
Benjamin Coriat (2001)
Creating a new African agricultural university. Paper presented at the international seminar series Sustainability, Education and the Management of Change in the
F S Idabacha (2003)
Agricultural Education in Mozambique: Brief Description of Its Evolution and Present Challenges
H E Gêmo (2006)
Policy analysis and strategic planning in the higher education sector. Unpublished document, Ministry of Education and Culture, Directorate for the Coordination of Higher Education
B Fonteyne (2005)
Agricultural and Science and Technology Indicators: Ethiopia
N. M. Beintema (2003)
Sectoral Systems: How and Why Innovation Differs across Sectors
F. Malerba (2006)
Universities in national innovation systems The Oxford Handbook of Innovation
D C Mowery (2005)
Hard choices in Africa's bid for scientific excellence
D Dickson (2006)
The balance between middle and high level human resource training in the agricultural sector of Ethiopia
S Abegaze (2004)
A critique of innovation systems perspectives on agricultural research in developing countries
D J Spielman (2006)
Mozambique: Building African models of agricultural extension
C K Eicher (2004)
Generating Plausible Crop Distribution and Performance Maps for Sub-Saharan Africa Using a Spatially Disaggregated Data Fusion and Optimization Approach
Liangzhi You (2007)
Innovation policy in a global economy
G. Hayward (2001)
From Measuring Impact to Learning
Challenges. Washington (2003)
The Oxford handbook of innovation
J. Fagerberg (2006)

This paper is referenced by
Private‐sector investment in R&D: a review of policy options to promote its growth in developing‐country agriculture
A. Naseem (2010)
Barriers to innovation: the case of Ghana and implications for developing countries
Frank L. Bartels (2016)
Design and Layout
Alice Yalaoui (2013)
Policies to promote cereal intensification in Ethiopia: the search for appropriate public and private roles.
D. Spielman (2010)
An Assessment of IFPRI’S Work in Ethiopia 1995-2010: Ideology, Influence, and Idiosyncrasy
M. Renkow (2013)
Analysis of vegetable market chain in Dugda Woreda, east Shoa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia
Dawit Setegn (2015)
Benefit-cost analysis of Uganda's clonal coffee replanting program: An ex-ante analysis
S. Benin (2008)
Crops that feed the world 10. Past successes and future challenges to the role played by wheat in global food security
B. Shiferaw (2013)
A glance at Mozambican dairy research
Edgar Cambaza (2018)
Review and recommendations for strengthening the agricultural extension system in Ethiopia
K. Davis (2019)
African Rural Youth Engagement in Agribusiness: Achievements, Limitations, and Lessons
M. Yami (2019)
Building Watershed Management Capacity in Nigeria: Expanding the Role of Agriculture Colleges
John W. Groninger (2016)
Training for Rural Development: Agricultural and Enterprise Skills for Women Smallholders
K. Collett (2009)
Women’s access and experience in higher education agricultural programs in Africa
Emily van Houweling (2020)
Production Risk in a Subsistence Agriculture
A. Guttormsen (2014)
Constructed stakeholder personas: An educational tool for social entrepreneurs
Kathryn Ortbal (2016)
A systematic review on the impacts of capacity strengthening of agricultural research systems for development and the conditions of success.
H. Posthumus (2013)
Partnerships, Platforms and Policies: Strengthening Farmer Capacity to Harness Technological Innovation for Agricultural Commercialisation
H. Odame (2018)
From the Ground up: Impacts of a Pro-poor Community-driven Development Project in Nigeria
E. Nkonya (2010)
Processes of hybrid knowledge creation in pastoralist development
A. J. Tasker (2018)
Local Learnings from Local Voices: Exploring rural ni-Vanuatu perspectives of agricultural education and extension services in Santo, Vanuatu
A. Bird (2017)
Accelerating Growth and Structural Transformation: Ghana’s Options for Reaching Middle-Income Country Status
Clemens Breisinger (2008)
Addressing Human Capital Development in Public Agriculture Extension in Southern Africa: Assessing Mozambique’s Experience
Hélder R. Gêmo (2015)
Contribution of Farmer-to-Farmer Video to Capital Assets Building: Evidence from Bangladesh
A. Chowdhury (2011)
A. Ekwamu (2009)
Enhancing Crop Diversity and Livelihood Security in the Andes Through the Emergence of Agricultural Innovation Systems
Jon Hellin (2013)
Innovative research approaches for sustainable livestock production and poverty reduction in the developing world.
P. Kristjanson (2010)
Agricultural innovation systems : from diagnostics toward operational practices
Riikka Rajalahti (2008)
Network innovations: building the next generation of agricultural scientists in Africa
Joyce Lewinger Moock (2019)
Assessing the role of stakeholder platforms as drivers of resilient communities: the case of Malawi
Cristina Álvarez-Mingote (2020)
Strengthening Agricultural Innovation Capacity: Are Innovation Brokers the Answer?
L. Klerkx (2009)
Potential adoption of grain amaranth production in HIV/AIDS-affected rural Kenyan communities
T. B. Gill (2010)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar