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Acidic Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs Inhibit Rat Brain Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase In A PH-dependent Manner
Published 2003 · Medicine, Chemistry
Previous studies have demonstrated that fatty acid amide hydrolase, the enzyme responsible for the metabolism of anandamide, is inhibited by the acidic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) ibuprofen with a potency that increases as the assay pH is reduced. Here we show that (R) -, (S) - and (R, S) -flurbiprofen, indomethacin and niflumic acid show similar pH-dependent shifts in potency to that seen with ibuprofen. Thus, (S) -flurbiprofen inhibited 2 μM [3 H]anandamide metabolism with IC 50 values of 13 and 50 μM at assay pH values of 6 and 8, respectively. In contrast, the neutral compound celecoxib was a weak fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor and showed no pH dependency (IC 50 values ~300 μM at both assay pH). The cyclooxygenase-2-selective inhibitors nimesulide and SC-58125 did not inhibit fatty acid amide hydrolase activity at either pH. The data are consistent with the conclusion that the non-ionised forms of the acidic NSAIDs are responsible for the inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase.