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Effects Of Stereo-defect Distribution And Molecular Mass In The Non-isothermal Crystallization Behavior Of β-nucleated Isotactic Polypropylene
Published 2016 · Materials Science
ABSTRACT In this study, based on the synthesis of two Ziegler–Natta iPP with nearly same average isotacticity but different uniformities of stereo-defect distribution, we further prepared two series of β-iPP with different molecular masses by addition of different concentration of peroxide. We investigated the combination effects of stereo-defect distribution and molecular mass on the non-isothermal crystallization behavior and polymorphic composition behavior of β-iPP by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results of non-isothermal crystallization kinetics revealed that the iPP molecular mass has only slight influence on the crystallization temperature of β-iPP, while the uniformity of stereo-defect distribution not only evidently influences the crystallization temperature, but also affects the dependency of crystallization temperature on cooling rate. β-iPP with less uniformity of stereo-defect distribution leads to higher dependency of crystallization temperature on the cooling rate. The calculation of crystallization activation energy ΔE showed that the lower the molecular mass, the lower the ΔE, indicating that it is easier for the occurrence of crystallization. Meanwhile, iPP with more uniform stereo-defect distribution has lower ΔE. Moreover, both stereo-defect distribution and molecular mass are important factors in determining the polymorphic composition. A more uniform stereo-defect distribution is more favorable for the β-phase crystallization; the lower the molecular mass, the harder for β-phase crystallization to take place. However, compared with iPP molecular mass, the uniformity of stereo-defect distribution is the first-order factor in determining the β-phase crystallization of iPP. Moreover, the thermal stability and the dependency of β-phase proportion on the cooling rate are also found to be highly dependent on the iPP molecular mass.