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Microfluidic Screening Of Circulating Tumor Biomarkers Toward Liquid Biopsy

Nanjing Hao, J. Zhang
Published 2018 · Medicine

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The development of early and personalized diagnostic protocol with rapid response and high accuracy is considered the most promising avenue to advance point-of-care testing for tumor diagnosis and therapy. Given the growing awareness of the limitations of conventional tissue biopsy for gathering tumor information, considerable interest has recently been aroused in liquid biopsy. Among a myriad of analytical approaches proposed for liquid biopsy, microfluidics-based separation and purification techniques possess merits of high throughput, low samples consumption, high flexibility, low cost, high sensitivity, automation capability and enhanced spatio-temporal control. These characteristics endow microfluidics to serve as an emerging and promising tool in tumor diagnosis and prognosis by identifying specific circulating tumor biomarkers. In this review, we will put our focus on three key categories of circulating tumor biomarkers, namely, circulating tumor cells (CTCs), circulating exosomes, and circulating nucleic acids (cNAs), and discuss the significant roles of microfluidics in the separation and analysis of circulating tumor biomarkers. Recent advances in microfluidic separation and analysis of CTCs, exosomes, and cNAs will be highlighted and tabulated. Finally, the current challenges and future niches of using microfluidic techniques in the separation and analysis of circulating tumor biomarkers will be discussed.
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