Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Evaluation Of Lettuce Between Spring Water, Hydroponic, And Flow-through Aquaponic Systems

G. Johnson, Karen M. Buzby, K. Semmens, I. Holásková, Nicole Waterland
Published 2017 · Biology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
ABSTRACT Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is an important vegetable crop that can be grown in hydroponic and aquaponic systems. A comparative study to evaluate the efficacy of a cold water flow-through aquaponic system (FTS) to a hydroponic system is lacking. Twenty-seven lettuce cultivars with green or red leaves, in seven subtypes, belonging to four popular types in the Western diet, were grown in spring water or aquaponic or hydroponic treatments. Spring and aquaponic water flowed directly from a spring and a raceway growing rainbow trout, respectively. The hydroponic treatment had nutrients added to a recirculated system. Stand establishment, average yield, and productivity (yield/week) were determined for each subtype or cultivar and compared among water treatments. No comparison among lettuce types, subtypes, or cultivars was made due to inherent differences among genotypes. Total yield and productivity (402.5 g·m−2 and 4.9 kg/tray/week, respectively) in the FTS were lower than those in the hydroponic system (468.9 g·m−2 and 6.7 kg/tray/week, respectively). Average yields of butterhead and bibb subtypes in aquaponics were higher than in the hydroponic treatment. Bibb subtype lettuces performed better in the aquaponic treatment, and average yields of butterhead and romaine, one of the most popular and nutritious lettuce types, were similar to those in the hydroponic treatment. The cvs. Outredgeous in romaine, Winter Density in bibb, Red Sails in leaf, and Red Saladbowl in oakleaf subtypes were recommended for an FTS. Average yields of green lettuces were higher than red lettuces in the bibb subtype in all treatments. Lettuce yield, depending on cultivar, could be comparable to hydroponic or field production based upon yield per area.
This paper references
Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater : supplement to the sixteenth edition
A. E. Greenberg (1988)
10.21273/HORTSCI.19.1.113
Summer Production of Lettuce, and Microclimate in High Tunnel and Open Field Plots in Kansas
X. Zhao (2009)
10.2135/CSSASPECPUB33.C4
Lettuce and Spinach
Ivan Simko (2015)
10.1080/19315260903013936
Planting Date, Mulching, Lettuce Type, and Cultivar on Lettuce Productivity and Quality
M. Saleh (2009)
10.21273/HORTSCI.42.3.489
Genealogy of Contemporary North American Lettuce
Mark A Mikel (2007)
Vegetables I: Asteraceae, Bassicaceae, Chenopodicaceae, and Cuburbitaceae, p
B. Mou (2008)
10.1002/9781118250105.ch11
Recirculating Aquaculture Systems
J. Ebeling (2002)
Increasing the economical efficiency and sustainability of indoor fish farming by means separation of aquaponics—review
F. Blidariu (2011)
10.21273/HORTSCI.48.2.183
Yield of Leafy Greens in High Tunnel Winter Production in the Northwest United States
Kristy Borrelli (2013)
Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa)
Taoyuan No
A. Lee (2012)
Lettuce and spinach, pp
I. Simko (2014)
10.5539/JAS.V8N11P1
Nutritional Value of Crisphead ‘Iceberg’ and Romaine Lettuces (Lactuca sativa L.)
M. J. Kim (2016)
10.1007/s10499-005-8528-x
A comparison of reciprocating flow versus constant flow in an integrated, gravel bed, aquaponic test system
Wilson A. Lennard (2005)
10.1080/14620316.2010.11512650
Cultural practices to speed the growth of microgreen arugula (roquette; Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa)
Carrie J. Murphy (2010)
10.21273/HORTSCI.50.10.1467
Production of Baby-leaf Salad Greens in the Spring and Fall Seasons of Northwest Washington
C. Grahn (2015)
10.1016/J.JFCA.2016.03.004
Nutritional value, bioactive compounds and health benefits of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.)
M. J. Kim (2016)
10.1111/J.1095-8649.1997.TB01339.X
Rainbow trout responses to water temperature and dissolved oxygen stress in two southern California stream pools
Kathleen R. Matthews (1997)
Organic winter production scheduling in unheated high tunnels in Colorado
Western Region SARE Research Innovations. (2013)
10.21273/HORTSCI.47.12.1815
‘Taoyuan No. 1’: A High-yielding Batavia Lettuce Cultivar High in Total Phytochemicals and Dietary Fiber
Ah-Chiou Lee (2012)
10.1007/s10499-006-9053-2
A Comparison of Three Different Hydroponic Sub-systems (gravel bed, floating and nutrient film technique) in an Aquaponic Test System
Wilson A. Lennard (2006)
10.1094/PHYTO-07-10-0182
Impact of consumer-driven changes to crop production practices on lettuce drop caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and S. minor.
B. Wu (2011)
Aquaponics: vegetable hydroponics in recirculating systems, p
J. E. Rakocy (2007)
RECIRCULATING AQUACULTURE SYSTEMS-A
V. Jegatheesan
10.21273/HORTTECH.23.4.453
Economic Profitability of Growing Lettuce and Tomato in Western Washington under High Tunnel and Open-field Production Systems
S. Galinato (2013)
10.1080/02652030500239649
Evaluation of the nitrate content in leaf vegetables produced through different agricultural systems
S. G. Guadagnin (2005)
Increasing the economical efficiency and sustainability of indoor fish farming by means of aquaponics - review.
Flavius Blidariu (2011)
10.21273/HORTSCI.35.6.993
Economic Evaluation of Hydroponics and Other Treatment Options for Phosphorus Removal in Aquaculture Effluent
P. R. Adler (2000)
10.1371/journal.pone.0102662
An International Survey of Aquaponics Practitioners
D. Love (2014)
10.1021/jf300459b
Assessment of vitamin and carotenoid concentrations of emerging food products: edible microgreens.
Zhenlei Xiao (2012)
Vegetables I: Asteraceae, Bassicaceae, Chenopodicaceae, and Cuburbitaceae
B Mou (2008)
10.5860/choice.49-6910
Standard Methods for the examination of water and wastewater
Awwa (1999)
A basic overview of growing food in water along with fish
J. Oziel (2013)
10.1016/J.POSTHARVBIO.2013.07.028
Preharvest and postharvest factors related to off-odours of fresh-cut iceberg lettuce
J. A. Tudela (2013)
10.21273/HORTTECH.21.1.6
Opportunities and Challenges to Sustainability in Aquaponic Systems
R. V. Tyson (2011)
Pre-harvest and postharvest factors related to off-odors of spring-cut iceberg lettuce
J. A. Tudela (2013)
10.1300/J484v11n01_02
Growth of Tomato and Lettuce Seedlings in Soilless Media
J. A. Adediran (2005)
Aquaponics: vegetable hydroponics in recirculating systems
J E Rakocy (2007)
Opportunities and challenges to sustainability in aquaponics systems
R. V. Tyson (2011)
Yield gains in major U.S. field crops
I Simko (2014)
10.21273/horttech.15.3.0731
Hydroponics: A Practical guide for the Soilless Grower
J. Smith (2005)



This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar