← Back to Search
Industrial And Brackish Water Treatment With Closed Circuit Reverse Osmosis
Published 2013 · Engineering
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Abstract Closed Circuit Desalination (CCD™) technology is an emerging platform for reverse osmosis (RO) water treatment and desalination. It lowers the feed pressure requirement, improves the membrane performance, increases the operational flexibility, and eliminates the need for energy recovery devices using only standard RO equipment. For industrial water treatment and brackish water desalination applications, CCD technology achieves maximum recovery in single-stage units while saving energy. Alternately, a CCD unit can be added to a conventional RO process to concentrate brine and raise recovery. Over 97% recovery has been demonstrated in a single-stage operation. The recovery rate of a CCD unit can be adjusted at the control panel without modification of system hardware, limited only by the scaling characteristics of the feedwater. Maximum recovery operation and high flexibility have significant cost-cutting implications for industrial water treatment and inland brackish desalination, where both feedw...