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Injectable Pore-Forming Hydrogel Scaffolds For Complex Wound Tissue Engineering: Designing And Controlling Their Porosity And Mechanical Properties.

Robert M T Staruch, G. Glass, R. Rickard, S. Hettiaratchy, P. Butler
Published 2017 · Materials Science, Medicine, Biology

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Traumatic soft tissue wounds present a significant reconstructive challenge. The adoption of closed-circuit negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has enabled surgeons to temporize these wounds before reconstruction. Such systems use porous synthetic foam scaffolds as wound fillers at the interface between the negative pressure system and the wound bed. The idea of using a bespoke porous biomaterial that enhances wound healing, as filler for an NPWT system, is attractive as it circumvents concerns regarding reconstructive delay and the need for dressing changes that are features of the current systems. Porous foam biomaterials are mechanically robust and able to synthesize in situ. Hence, they exhibit potential to fulfill the niche for such a functionalized injectable material. Injectable scaffolds are currently in use for minimally invasive surgery, but the design parameters for large-volume expansive foams remain unclear. Potential platforms include hydrogel systems, (particularly superabsorbent, superporous, and nanocomposite systems), polyurethane-based moisture-cured foams, and high internal phase emulsion polymer systems. The aim of this review is to discuss the design parameters for such future biomaterials and review potential candidate materials for further research into this up and coming field.
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G. Glass (2019)
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